With different parts of the survey, the researchersdiscovered different things. Within demographic characteristics, participantswere asked their gender (male 70%, female 30%), age, years of education (12.
3years), income, ethnicity (92% African American), employment status (98% unemployed),and the 5-digit postal code in order to determine if some areas areresource-poor or they there in a food-desert. For the health characteristics,the researchers asked the participants their most recent HIV RNA viral load andCD4 count. The HIV viral load was detectable for about 16% of people and theCD4 being less than 500 was about 50% of participants. The results showed that there was an association betweenfood insecurity and poverty markers. By looking at table 1, it shows that theaverage education is around high school level (12.
3 years) education and 98% ofthe people surveyed are unemployed along with being HIV positive. Although about 88% of people surveyed, only 68%stated in their survey that they were more than 85% adherent to ART. Lastly, approximately25% of people reported either skipping or downsizing their meal because of financialreasons. In the food insecure category in table three, 31% stated that they hadto choose between food and medication. These results show that there has beentimes that it is difficult for these people financially and some have even cometo the point of having to decide whether they should pay for food or medicationwith what money they have.
The significance of the results show that people are livingwith food insecurities are at risk of poor HIV treatment. Food insecurity alsoshowed relation to not receiving ART and poor adherence to ART. Strengths of this article include being able to have asurvey that all participants were able to complete to their best abilitywithout having to change the questions in a way that would change the response.The researchers were also able to find a decent pool to pick from where all wereHIV positive and most were unemployed (98% average). This showed people livingwith HIV under poverty.
On the other hand, there were some limitations as well.This included that the study was still small and cannot represent all HIVpositive people, they also aimed for finding people who were experiencing foodinsecurity by offering a food basket give-away which had posted notices atinfectious disease clinics and AIDS-related social services. On top of that,the section of the survey asking about ART adherence, health status, and foodinsecurity were all self-reported which could be subject to social responsebiases.