When ever a crime occurs.
there must be victims and an offender to warrant the action to be perceived as a criminal act regardless of its magnitude. According to the criminal justice system, the definition of a victim of crime is a person who suffered emotional or physical harm, loss of property, or an economic loss due to the occurrence of a criminal act (Fattah, 2016). Therefore, in the identification of a victim, it is essential to establish that the individual suffered a loss, harm, or damage; also it is vital to ensure that the loss has been caused by a criminal act (Solimine & Elvey, 2014).Therefore, in the cases study, the court would identify the victims of the crime to be Annie O’Shea and her six year old daughter Jane. I agree with the court decision to recognize them as victims of the crime because they satisfy the requirements by the criminal justice to qualify as the victims. Illustratively, when the police arrived at the scene after answering to the distress call, Annie was covered in bruises indicating that she suffered physical harm.
Additionally, Jane was hiding in a closet which is an indication that she was scared and afraid that she could also be assaulted in the process. Notable Jane suffered emotional harm, which is evident from her behavior of acting out while in school. Annie too suffered emotional harm which is depicted by being distraught, and it is directly attributed to the crime. Finally, when the police arrived at the scene the home was in disarray, this indicates that there was an occurrence of a crime. Therefore, since the information proves the existence of a crime and direct harm, I support the courts decision to identify Annie and her daughter Jane as the victims in this particular case study.
Several changes have occurred in the criminal justice system and hence there are differences on how the crime could have been handled if it occurred in 1960. Illustratively, the law has been amended to increase the ease at which the victims can interact with the system and hence making it simple for them to cooperate with the criminal justice organs. Notably, the Crimes Victim’s Act has been revised hence giving more privileges that were not there in 1960 and thus making the criminal justice system more objective (Solimine & Elvey, 2014).
First, victims enjoys the right to have reasonable protection from the accused which is helpful in ensuring that they are not intimidated and therefore paving way for the realization of justice (Doyle, 2015). Additionally, the victims have the right to timely and accurate court proceeding including parole, release, and even escape of the accused (Doyle, 2015). Also, the victims have the right to be informed of all the privileges and hence they are able to make informed decision during the process.Therefore, it is sincere to note that Annie is likely to get justice better than when the case could have been done in 1960 because of the numerous amendments that have been made to make the justice system more efficient.
The most positive element between the two eras is the provision for protection of the victims from the accused (Fattah, 2016). In regards to the case, both Annie and Jane are scared and they show signs of psychological instability from the event; therefore, offering protection to them is an essential step in the realization of justice. Additionally, the fact that they have the right to timely and accurate information about the proceedings including escape or release of the accused in helpful in keeping the victims secure. However, some changes need to be made to enhance how the victims are treated and one of the vital changes is to involve the victim in making decision about the release of the offended. In the case of Annie and Jane, the release of the accused is likely to cause more harm to the victims.