What health. A study made by a researcher

What is music?  Music is built by two different components, which are the rhythm and the pitch. These two primary dimensions of music are those that build what music really is. The rhythm is about the tempo and regularity which is the beat in the music and if its stressed or unstressed which effects our heart rate. The pitch is the frequency of sounds, which can be ordered from low to high but the pitch also includes the melody that is the relation or the pattern of musical sounds (Krumhansl, C. L. (2000).     In what way could music benefit our health?  We can all think of a song or songs that trigger us emotional, it´s maybe a song that we can relate to a break-up or maybe from a very beautiful moment. When we have experienced some of these moments when music actually have effects us it´s quite unsurprising that a lot of studies actually showed that music could help our mental health. A study made by a researcher from McGill University in Canada 2011 showed that listening to music increases the amount of dopamine produced in our brain, which is a mood-enhancing chemical that makes it possible for treatment of depression. (Whiteman, H. 2015) According to the researchers, this could be the first study that showed an abstract reward by listening to music. Same as eating and sleeping releases dopamine. Earlier studies have showed that abstract rewards are processed on a cognitive level but by this research it is shown that our ancient reward circuits can also be involved. This doesn´t mean that our day-to-day listening will affect the rewards but the important thing about the study is that is shows us that when we´re listening to music ancient reward circuits are flooding in our brain that are designed to make us feel good (Moore, S. K. 2011)     In later researchers the music goes beyond the mental health and is brought up in many mental health cases if the music therapy should be used instead of ordinary therapy.   Music could not only give us rewards like treats but also help us reducing pain and anxiety. A study was done with patients who had an undergone surgery and used music to reduce pain and anxiety. The study showed that for those who had music playing after and during the procedure reported to feel less pain and anxiety than those who didn’t had music, but these patients with music playing, recorded to be less likely to need pain medication as well. This effect was even stronger for those patients that chose their favorite music during and after the procedure.     Another health aspect where music helps us is when we´re feeling stressed. Most of us are listening to some calm music that we know will calm us down or to our favorite song that we can sing along to. This is not only a thing that we think that could help us reduce stress, there are several studies that can prove this factor. While we are listening to music while stressed the music helps us to lower the body´s cortisol level, which is the hormone, released to stress. But dependent on which type of music we listening to our, pulse, heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature could be controlled because of the pitch and rhythm that is mentioned in the beginning. This effect on our heart rate and its potential to reduce or lower our stress level may lead to that music could be effective on treating heart conditions as well (Whiteman, H. 2015).     Music and learning  We have all at some point got in touch with music lessons in school even if most of us didn´t understand why we had that as a subject in school. Like, why should we learn to play the piano when I want to be a psychologist when I grow up? Music is good for developing our brain and the science shows us unbelievers in school that those children that learn to play music developing their brain to hear and process sounds that they couldn’t hear otherwise. This helps the children further to developing “neurophysiological distinction” between some sounds that will help them in literacy, which means that these kids that learning to play an instrument could improve in their academic results. An important thing is that this type of in learning doesn´t only come from the music itself, it comes from the active participation with the music (Locker, M. 2014).     But music doesn´t only help us when it comes to in learning, music help us also to remember certain of things that reminds us of the music that is playing or it could wake up some memories from that certain of time when that song was playing. Disregarded from in learning and remembering, the music also helps us when it comes to learning something new. A study was made in 2013 and published in the journal Memory and cognition where 60 adults were learning Hungarian. All were randomized in three different learning tasks; speaking unfamiliar Hungarian phrases, speaking the same sentence in rhythmic fashion or singing the phrase. The study showed that the adults that were singing the phrases had a much higher recall accuracy than the other two groups and this could conclude that a listen-and-sing learning method is better. This have led to that researchers have suggestion music as a help for recalling memory for people with cognitive disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease (Whiteman, H. 2015).     Discussion  I think music helps us a lot in our daily life but also when it comes to different sicknesses. I listening to music as much as I can because it helps me in different ways depending on what I´m doing. Like the researchers has shown, the music help us to reduce stress and by listening to calm music when I´m stressed, I actually feel much better and focused. The opposite is when I´m working out, I rather chose music that has a stressed rhythm so I my pulse gets higher and I´m getting more focused on the gym because of that.  About the listen-and-singing technique when it comes to learn new things is actually something I learned during early elementary school. During our math class we always sang the multiplication table with the different numbers to learn what comes after the next number eg. 2, 4, 6, 8 and so on. This song is still something that I hear when I´m counting and trying to figure out the multiplications, even if it´s very long ago.