What is hybrid grape? First of all, we need to have clarity of thought about crossing because people may often get confused by what they think is hybrid is known as crossing of same species. (gwendolyn, 2011)
A crossing comprises of two grape varieties of the same species usually vitis vinifera. As an example, Pinotage is a crossing between Pinot Noir and Cinsault, both from the vitis vinifera species of grape. But A hybrid differs because it is the result of two different species; for example, vitis vinifera (the most common species of wine grape) reproduces with vitis labrusca (a native American species of grape). That is a hybrid. (gwendolyn, 2011)
Most of the hybrids are experiments done by mankind, so that the grapes have the advantage of the both grape varitites. This got very much attention when the viticulturist realized that the rootstock from Native America showed resistance to the disease phylloxera, on the other hand vitis vinifera could not take care on its own or we could say it could not defend itself against the disease. Since the North America vine species had unwanted wine outcomes, most the hybrids weren’t very great, and grafting rootstocks become the only answer for most of the viticulturist. But some hybrids survived. (gwendolyn, 2011)
Some examples of hybrid grapes
Seyval Blanc: A North American hybrid that grows in colder climates. It is common in Canada and New York state.
Baco Noir: A cross of a French wine grape, Folle Blance which is of the Vitis vinifera species and a native variety of Vitis riparia a native North American grape.
Vidal Blanc: An hybrid of Ugni Blanc, a vitis vinifera variety, Vidal is often used in Canada to make delicious ice wine. (gwendolyn, 2011)
The reasons why hybrids are created and used in different parts of Canada:
There are some species of hybrid grapes that are susceptible to pests or we can say that they take action against these pests. The main one would be the vitis riparia, which is found in the native parts of North America that is resistant to phylloxera. This pest is the main reason behind elimination of the grapes from their presence during The French Wine Blight. Phylloxera pest are somewhat similar to the aphids, that live on sap and many people have experienced them on their basil plants as well. So, this is the reason why the hybrid grapes from North America have the quality to tackle these pest that cannot be found in the traditional grape variety of v. vinifera. (winedom.com, 2015)
Now days there are many cold region countries that are producing the wine that needs to deserve to draw some attention on them, some of those countries are The Pacific Northwest, The Finger Lakes, Canada, Michigan, and Vermont – all drenched, colder the locales –from these areas are coming on the world map and taking awards and taking their wines to the cutting edge of wine culture. These Hybrids grapes can take wild cold hardy very easily and to bring a balance the wine producer is crossing them with vinifera to get the Traditional aromatics and flavor of traditional grape varieties to bring the balance and durability of the other type of grape. (winedom.com, 2015)
The Hybrid grapes can easily substitute in the areas where V. vinifera grapes are slightly used or not adapted at all. The new and modern hybrid grapes varieties produce high quality wines that do indulge in “off” flavors that were some characteristic of some older hybrids grape varieties. The hybrid grapes can be as successful as V. vinifera grapes. (winedom.com, 2015)
These two aspects are taken into consideration while deciding which type of grape should be grown and that is adaptation and quality. That is just not because of the V. vinifera or the traditional wine cultivars like ‘Pinot noir’ or ‘Zinfandel’ make exceptional wines in location that are suitable for that grapes but there are many new wine maker coming from different part of the world that are not suitable for the that particular region for example there are some parts of Canada that are more colder than other parts of wine producing region in world so this means not every grape variety is suitable for every region of the world so we need to change with the change of climate region. (winedom.com, 2015)