Wallace v. Jaffree 1985 The state of Alabama created a law that authorized teachers to conduct regular religious prayer services and activities in school classrooms during the school days. A man named Ishmael Jaffree had three children who attended public schools in Mobile, Alabama. He filed a lawsuit against the state saying that the law intended to establish religion in the schools. This was against the students’ first amendment rights by establishing religion in the school. He said that the children had been taught specific prayers including “The Lord’s Prayer” and “God is Great, God is Good”. The students were asked to recite prayers in place of a moment of silence. If the students refused to participate, they got teased. He said that the law was not being followed as it was written. A man named Wallace said that the law called for only a moment of silence. He also said that it did not require a child to pray at all. The students at the school did not have to say the prayers. He said that the school had no control over the children who were teasing the kids who didn’t say the prayers.The District Court said that the Alabama law was only an effort to bring back voluntary prayers to the public schools. They also said that the evidence of the rule’s intent was confirmed by a consideration of the relationship between other Alabama rules. One of these rules, which was enacted in 1982 as a sequel to § 16-1-20.1 rule for the period of silence for meditation, gave teachers permission to lead students who were willing to in a prescribed prayer. The other rule that was enacted in 1978, as § 16-1-20. l’s predecessor, gave the permission to teachers to give a period of silence for meditation only. The State’s endorsement, by the enactment of the § 16-1-20.1 rule, of prayer activities at the beginning of each schoolday is not consistent with the principle that was established before. The District Court also said that the government must pursue a course of complete neutrality toward religion. The Alabama Court of Appeals reversed this decision.The case went to the Supreme Court. In the Supreme Court, there was a vote of 6-3 in favor of Jafree. The Supreme Court said that the school prayer was endorsed by the school. The school was trying to promote religion in the school. They said that the school was doing this by trying to create a church inside of the school which was prohibited by the government. This violated the first amendment’s establishment clause which stated how schools cannot make any law that are an establishment of religion.This case had a large impact on society. It showed people that public schools could not try to establish a certain religion. They could not try to influence the minds of kids. This is the same with our public schools today. Public schools always have to be very careful when talking about religion. Today, only private schools are able to establish religion. In conclusion, the case Wallace v. Jaffree has a very big impact on our society today.New Jersey v. T.L.O. 1985 One day, in a New Jersey high school, a teacher found two girls smoking in the bathroom. She took them to the principal’s office. Out of the two girls who she had caught, one girl admitted to smoking. The other girl denied smoking. This person’s initials were T.L.O.. T.L.O.’s real name was never disclosed to the public because she was a 16 year old minor at the time. The principal demanded to see T.L.O.’s purse to see if she was telling the truth about not smoking. Inside the purse, he found cigarettes, a small amount of marijuana, and a list containing the names of students who owed T.L.O. money. To the principal, this was evidence that she was smoking and participating in drug dealing. He accused T.L.O. of drug dealing an T.L.O. was taken to the police station where she admitted that she was selling marijuana. Based on her confession and the evidence in her purse, the state of New Jersey brought charges against her.In a juvenile court, T.L.O. argued that her Fourth Amendment rights of the had been violated. This was because there was an unreasonable search and seizure of her purse. The evidence that was being used against her was not obtained legally. She also said that holding cigarettes at her school were not against school rules. The court sided with the school. T.L.O. appealed the juvenile court’s decision and took her case to the New Jersey Supreme Court. The New Jersey Supreme Court found that the search was unreasonable and that the evidence could not be used against T.L.O. because it was not obtained legally. The state of New Jersey appealed the New Jersey Supreme Court’s decision and the case was sent to the United States Supreme Court.In 1985, Supreme Court voted 6-3 in favor of New Jersey. They said that New Jersey and the school had a reasonable reason for conducting searches like this at the school. The Supreme Court said that school administrators don’t need to have a search warrant or probable cause before conducting a search because students have a reduced expectation of privacy when in school. This is because schools need to create and maintain a learning environment. In order to do this, they can perform searches when they feel it is necessary.The case New Jersey v. T.L.O. had a very big impact on today’s school systems. It showed that when students are on school grounds, their rights are taken away. This is because the school’s rights have a greater value that student’s rights. This means that schools can perform random searches on school grounds in order to create and maintain a learning environment. This is why at schools today, there are random locker checks frequently without students knowing. In conclusion, the case New Jersey v. T.L.O. had a very big impact on our school systems today.