UMAVTI automated techniques for agricultural purposes. Measuring soil

UMAVTI BIRADAR

Dept. of Information Technology

 Sinhgad Academy of Engineering,

Pune

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[email protected]

SHWETA
AWATE

 Dept. of Information
Technology Sinhgad
Academy of Engineering,
Pune

[email protected]

 

 

SUKANYA WALUNJ

Dept. of Information Technology Sinhgad Academy
of Engineering, Pune

[email protected]

SATYAM PATIL

 Dept. of
Information Technology Sinhgad Academy
of Engineering, Pune

[email protected]

 

 

Prof. S. S. Kulkarni

Dept. of Information Technology

Sinhgad
Academy of Engineering,

Pune

[email protected]

 

Abstract— Agriculture serves to be the major occupation in India which contributes
to maximum of our GDP .It thus becomes important to have automated techniques
for agricultural purposes. Measuring soil moisture is
important in agriculture to help farmers manage their irrigation systems more
efficiently.  Embedded system for
automatic irrigation of an agriculture field offers a potential solution to support
site- specific irrigation management that allows producers to maximize their
productivity while saving the water. Thus, this system may help to increase yields and
the quality of the crop by better management of soil moisture during critical
plant growth stages.

 

I.  INTRODUCTION

 

Wireless
Sensor Networks (WSN) is intelligent sensor network which are deployed at
desired location to check the current value. WSN is a
concept in which the environmental or physical conditions are monitored and
this monitored data is passed through wireless channel on a main location. WSN
contains various components such as sensors, microcontrollers, electronic board
and data obtained from WSN is stored in the database which is further used in
analytic process. WSN uses sensors to obtain the input data from the environment. The
obtained input or the sensed value is compared with the preset threshold and
then the desired action is taken. Comparison is done by the microcontroller.
Microcontroller takes an action through relays as a result of comparison. The WSN system
works as follows:

·        
Sense the value using various
available sensors in the field.

·        
Send the sensed values to the
controller for further use.

·        
Controller takes the decision
based on the current sensed vales and acts through the actuators.

 

          
In past days farmers have been facing
many issues. Crop yields are reduced due to inadequate supply of water. While
on the other hand, sometimes due to farmer’s ignorance or illiteracy fields are
filled with excess amount of water. This may result harmful for some of the
crop types as the fertilizers are drained away by dissolving in the excess
water. Also there are cases where is poor crop yield and bad crop quality due
to above mentioned factors.

 

Therefore, it became necessary to have a cost effective
and time efficient system that can help to monitor and control the parameters
related to soil moisture i.e. the pump on/off. Since the system can work
remotely it can prove to be time efficient because the end user i.e. farmer can
perform the pump on/off using the android application. Facilities like pump
history, pump status can also be checked using the android application.

 

The system can also help to save water or prevent water logging due
to excessive water flow. Different other functionalities like current marker
values, FAQs are also provided. Thus, this application may not only prove to be
helpful but can also help the farmer to interact with the outside world in
order to retrieve information related to farming.

II. LITERATURE REVIEW

 

1)         
Providing Smart Agricultural
Solutions to Farmers for better yielding using IOT.

This paper includes the various technologies that can be used to
automate the agricultural system. The detailed study of each type of sensor for
specific purposes is described. It includes current technologies like cloud
computing for storing sensed values for further uses. It also includes fault
detection and recovers management. GPS co-ordinates are also saved .This can be
then used for further purposes. The general flow about the network interfacing
with the sensors to obtain the required parameters is also discussed. 1

 

2)      
IOT Based smart agricultural
monitoring system.

This project includes various features like GPS based remote
controlled monitoring, moisture and temperature sensing, intruders scaring,
security, leaf wetness and proper irrigation facilities. Various sensors are
plotted in the field at different locations. The operations are performed by
interfacing sensors, Wi-Fi, camera with microcontroller through internet
services. 2

 

3)      
Smart Agro System.

This paper describes the implementation of smart
Agriculture System using of wireless sensor networks. Depending on the sensors
sensed data is stored in database further actions are taken. Actions are taken
using base station which includes arduino Uno with integrated GSM module. Base
station allots actions to different sensor nodes. Sensors sensed data is passed
to the base station using Zigbee sensor. To interact with the system android
application is provided to the end user. Static sensors such as soil moisture
sensor, pH scale sensor, Humidity sensor & temperature sensor are plotted
in the field. 3

 

4)       Design And development of
precision agricultural system using wireless sensor networks.

In this paper the theory behind the wireless sensor is
discussed. The need along with the working about the wireless sensor network is
discussed; the need to develop the wireless network for the agriculture. Using
soil moisture sensor and temperature sensor, the sensed data is collected in
central processing unit for taking further actions. 4

 

III. PROPOSED MODEL

 

PC/APP: The user
will have access to the system through computer or Android Application. The
user will login into the app on successful registration. The user can check the
moisture level of the field. The user can take appropriate steps according to
the water level i.e. switch on/off pump. User will also be able to check
current market rates, new pesticides, fertilizers and research.

CLIENT: The
client will collect the moisture data from the field and will also notify the
user through SMS using GSM.

SERVER: The
Server will authenticate the user; keep the record of user activity and history
of pump action.

 

Figure I: Proposed System

 

IV. SYSTEM OVERVIEW

 

When new users logins into the system first he has to
register first. Login is provided to him after he                             uploads his information.
Using his username he can login into the system and use the services. After the
user logins into the system he can see pump history, set action of the pump
i.e. either pump on/off. He can also view current market rates. Support is also
provided to them in case of any queries that can be solved by administration
module. The overall system can be divided into three modules: Client module,
Server module, end user module (app/pc).  

 

1)  MODULE SPLITUP

 

a)       Client Module

The client module senses
the moisture using the sensor and ends the data to the server module. Client
module acts as the intermediate between the external environment and the system
and plays vital role in transferring the data. It uses the GSM. It also sends
the message to the farmer by comparing the threshold and the current value so
that the farmer can take appropriate action depending on his needs.

 

b)      
Server Module

The data sensed by the client module
acts as an input to server module and the data is updated at regular time
intervals. It uses MySQL, Apache server. This module is also referred to as
administration module because all the managing rights exist with this module.
It includes functionalities like registration, modification, authorization,
deletion etc

 

c)      
Farmer Module

Farmer Module is controlled by end user like farmer to reads current
agricultural information related his field and performs any appropriate action
for the field Management like making his motor ON/OFF. This module is deployed
by using an Android Application. This module provides functionalities like
updates, FAQs, current market rates, research activities, current market trends
etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure II :System Architecture

                                                                                                      

 

2)     SYSTEM FEATURES

 

a)       Cost Effective

The overall system can prove to be cost effective
since the farmer has to pay fewer amounts and he can have more effective
services on one click. Other than services he can also have updates to the
current market schemes.

 

b)     Time
efficient

The system can prove to
be time efficient because the time required by the farmer to travel to the farm
can be saved thus proving to time efficient.

 

c)      
 Remote monitoring

The
farmer can monitor his parameters using the android application. He need not to
travel to the place so the system can prove to be efficient .Since the
interfacing between the external and internal environment is done by android application therefore, system proves to be
efficient and less time consuming.

 

d)      
Less water wastage

    Many times too much water is wasted due to
the improper time management for the pump on/off. Therefore, the project may
prove to be solution for proper water management since water is the most
important and essential integrity not only for the agriculture but also to make
the living.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure III: System Flow Diagram

 

 

 

 

 

V. CONCLUSION

 

In this paper farmer
can monitor and control his farm remotely using the android application. The
system can be integrated to check the moisture level of soil by analyzing the
collected data of the farm. He also can take specific actions like on/off water
pump depending on his requirements without actually visiting the farm. Thus,
the system proves to be cost effective and time efficient.

VI. FUTURE WORK

 

Using different
technologies and devices the system can be converted into drone where it can
prove useful and there is no need to fix the sensors at desired location. This
the system can prove to be cost effective and not location oriented. Analysis
can also be carried out on the collected data. Video conferencing can also be
implemented.

 

 

REFERENCES

 

1 M.K.Gayatri, J.Jayasakthi, Dr.G.S.Anandha Mala “Providing Smart Agricultural Solutions to
Farmers for better yielding using IOT.” 2015 IEEE International
Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural
Development (TIAR 2015).

 

2 Dr.N.suma , Sandra Rhea Samson,
S.Saranya,                  R.Subhashri,” IOT Based smart agricultural monitoring
system”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in
computing and Communication Volume:5 Issue : 2.

 

3 Kapil Bhusari, Shekhar Borulkar, Tejas Patil, Badrinath Danave,”
Smart Agro System”, International 
Journal of Research in Advent Technology Special Issue National Conference. “NCPCI-2016”
March 2016.

 

4 S. R. Nandurkar, V. R. Thool, R. C. Thool, “Design
And Development of precision Agricultural System using Wireless Sensor Network”, IEEE International Conference On Automation ,
Control , Energy And Systems(ACES) , Feb 2014.

 

5 Yunseop Kim Member IEEE , Robert G.Evans and William M.Iversen “Remote Sensing and Control
of
an Irrigation System
Using
a Distributed Wireless Sensors Network “. July 2008 IEEE.

 

6  Prathyusha.K,        
 G.Sowmya         Bala Dr.K.Sreenivasa     Ravi
“A    Real-Time   Irrigation Control System for Precision
Agriculture Using WSN  in
 Indian  Agriculture Sectors” International Journal of Computer Science
Engineering and Application , Vol 3,  No.4 August
2013.