Tracy be secure in their persons, houses, papers,

Tracy Lois Odom(14 yrs old) was found in the bathroom, with another student, smoking cigarettes by a teacher. The teacher then taking both of the students to a higher authority to be questioned and punished for the school violations. The administrator questioned both students seeking to find out where the cigarettes came from and why they would do such a thing at school. The student with Tracy admitted to smoking the cigarettes, Tracy, on the other hand, denied all allegations. The administrator then demanded Tracy to give him her purse because he “knew she was lying”. When he proceeded to search her purse, in the process of searching he found a pack of cigarettes and rolling paper, which is used to roll joints of weed, him knowing what the rolling paper was used for he stated he had a suspicion of her having possession of marijuana. He continued his search and found a grass-like substance wrapped in plastic, he also found a pipe, cash and a list of names of students who owed her money. He also found a letter indicating that Tracy was selling and distributing marijuana. The administrator called the police and they contacted Tracy’s mother. Her mother brought Tracy to the police department and Tracy admitted to selling weed on school property. Because of her age, she faced delinquency charges in juvenile court. Tracy put in a motion to exclude her confession and the objects taken from her purse during the search. The court denied her motion. Which led her lawyer to argue that the search of her purse was a violation of the 4th amendment,gives the right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures. Tracy was found guilty of her delinquency and was sentenced to 1-year probation. After a year of pushing the U.S Supreme Court agreed to hear the case. The New Jersey State Supreme court agreed with the lower courts saying the 4th amendment is applicable to the conduct of school officials, also agreeing that school officials may conduct a warrantless search if they have reasonable doubt that the student is committing a crime on school grounds. However, New Jersey’s highest court stated that the possession of cigarettes didn’t violate school policies. The administrators thinking Tracy was lying did not justify him searching her purse. The U.S Supreme Court decided that the search of Tracy’s purse did not violate the 4th amendment because teachers act as agents of the states so the 4th amendment applies to their actions. They did multiple tests to see the reasonableness of the search. And as a result, they said that because the administrator’s actions were justified at the inception, the search was reasonable. Multiple concurrence stated that the search wasn’t justified at its inception because the administrator had no reason to believe that Tracy’s purse contained any paraphernalia. Concluding that the search indeed did violate the 4th amendment and that all evidence should be inadmissible.In 1985, by a 6-3 margin, The Supreme Court ruled that New Jersey had met a reasonableness standard for conducting these types of searches at school. The Higher court saying that school administrators don’t need to have a search warrant or probable cause for a search because of students reduced privacy when in school.Even though this supreme court case happened over 30 years ago students today are still being affected by it. Just by bringing a purse, bookbag, or even a fanny pack to school teachers and administrators can search, rummage and look through your things if there is even a minor sense that something illegal is happening or approaching to happen. At my school every day, administrators search every student’s bag after getting off that bus in the morning and confiscating our phones. What are they looking to find? Only God knows. Do I agree to this? No, but I honestly don’t have a choice, if I don’t comply with the search I would be subject to suspension no questions asked.