There the best. These contrast in ideas is

There is an ongoing debate when it
comes to deciding whether caregivers have any sort of impact on children’s
linguistic development. Child language acquisition is the process in which
children acquire their language and linguistic abilities. This usually occurs
around the age of 18-24 months, where they will go through various stages, such
as the holophrastic stage- this is where they will use single words to identify
common objects, such as the concrete noun “dog” for most animals with 4 legs or
the concrete noun “drink” for all liquids. There are two contrasting attitudes
theories, Nativists and Empiricists. Nativism is proposed by Chomsky
(1950), who suggests that the linguistic development in children is innate and
they have the biological imperatives to learn language themselves. On the other
hand, Empiricists believe that it is the child’s environment that helps to
develop their linguistic skills, such as the role of the caregiver. Studies
carried out by Foster-Cohen (2014), explore the “critical period” and suggest
that everyone has a critical stage in their life, from ages 2-6, in which
learning language acquisition at those ages is the best. These contrast in
ideas is like the nature verses nurture, where theorists determine whether
individuals are a product of their environment or genetics.

The idea that the caregiver has an
impact on the linguistic development of children is one proposed by
Empiricists. They believe that language is learned from their environment and caregivers.
A famous study to support this view, is the story of Genie Wiley. Empiricists
suggest that it is environmental variables that play a key role in the
linguistic development of children, which is why a lot of research went into the
linguistic development of Genie Wiley. Wiley was a product of her environment. Wiley’s
parents neglected her and kept communication to a minimum, practically no existent.
In addition, this supports the view that parents do have an impact
on a child’s language development. Wiley missed the “critical period”, proposed
by
Eric Lenneberg (1950) – the stage, which is considered
the best time for a chid to acquire language and linguistic skills. Caregivers are
the primary learning source for children and have the most interaction. They are
most responsible for teaching and helping them build up their vocabulary. Eric Lenneberg’s
(1950) study supports the view that the caregiver and the use of CDS strategies
are useful, in fact critical and do serve a purpose in the linguistic
development in children.

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On the other hand, Nativists
believe that the capacity for language is innate.
Chomsky, (1976) who
purposes the nativist view, suggests that children are preprogramed and have an
innate ability to acquire language. The behaviourists focus on the importance
of the language environment. He states that every human brain has a Language
Acquisition Device (LAD)- a neurological function to acquire language. This
implies that all individuals can acquire language just from their own natural ability,
which conveys the caregiver does not have an impact on a child’s language
development.