The They also look to find the interaction


            The authors in the article “Youth
Gangs, Drug Use, and Delinquency” finds a correlation between drug use,
delinquency, and youth gangs; as well as find the effect of gang membership on
drug use and its implications. They also look to find the interaction effects
of prior drug use and delinquency within gang membership and involvement. Delinquency
is when a minor commits a misdemeanor. The acts are often the results of
diverse societal values that involve aspects of socioeconomic status, social
class, and race. These can lead to crimes being committed and a possible jail
sentence. Youth gangs are “adolescents who are in a group and depend on
intimidation and violence. They commit crimes so that they can gain power and
control areas of unlawful activity” (Prevention-Violence, 2017).

            Thornberry (1993) puts forth three
models of research that relate to gang membership and delinquent involvement
relationships. The three models are “kind of person or selection”, “social
facilitation or group model”, and the “enhancement model”. Each of these models
were tested with a data set from the “Buffalo Longitudinal Survey of Young Men
(BLSYM)”. The kind of person or selection model is when youth delinquents
pursue the gangs. Also, gang members are more likely than non-gang members to
take place in delinquent acts because gang members had already been delinquent
before they joined the gang. Social facilitation or group model proposes that
gang members and non-gang members are not much different than each other when
it comes to delinquency and or drug use. The enhancement model is a mix between
the models “kind of person or selection” and “social facilitation or kind of
group”.  These three models each have a
hypothesis. The kind of person hypothesis is that “delinquency increases the
probability of being a gang member rather than gang membership leading into
delinquency involvement”. (CITATION) The hypothesis for social facilitation is
that “gang is a criminogenic peer group which pressures and drives youths to
delinquency”. (CITATION) The last hypothesis is for the enhancement model, “gang
members are already delinquent before they join the gang but gang affiliation
enhanced delinquency”. (CITATION) The null hypothesis states that there is no
relationship between delinquency, drug use, and gang membership.

            The sampling design of this study
was from the Buffalo Longitudinal Survey of Young Men and they had used random
digit dialing methods to examine an adolescent sample that was made up of 625
males between the ages of sixteen to nineteen in the Buffalo, New York
area.  This data was collected by the use
of specific questions that involve affiliation delinquency involvement and drug
use. Some of the questions are “were you ever in a gang?” if yes: “Are you
currently a gang member?” “Were you engaged in various delinquency acts the
past year.” If yes: “What kinds of offenses from serious to minor (aggravated assault,
disorderly conduct)”. “What frequency with which they used various drugs
(marijuana, narcotics, crack, cocaine, tranquilizers, etc.)”  Within this study were independent, dependent,
and control variables. Delinquency is the independent variable because
delinquency is predicting drug use and gang membership.