The Impact of ICT on Academic Library : A Case study of Kirorimal and Laxmibai College Library, University Delhi.
Alka Kaushik Enrollment Number: 176156397
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has brought major Changes and transformation to academic libraries and information services.ICT has impacted strongly on existing traditional academic libraries. Now a day’s libraries have no option but adapt themselves to new developments, especially due to cost cutting in budget allocation. Hence, networking of information centers is inevitable. The prime goal of the academic library is pooling information resources and information related infrastructure and sharing them. So majority of libraries have changed their traditional methods and services to overcome inadequacies trough automation and computerization. The use of computers for library operation saves a huge amount of time, resources and labor. It also accelerates technical processing and information services. ICT insures quality services by systematic planning of its introduction and application which assures that the technology based information services are sustainable, and improves the ability of library. With the help of of Information and Communication Technology tools, libraries now use various types of technologies to aid the services they provide. As technology is changing rapidly and new technological advances affect the way information is handled in libraries and information centers. The impacts of these new technologies are felt by libraries in every aspect. There is some area where technology is changing rapidly computing technology, communication technology and mass storage technology are one of them. This continuous development forced to change the method of libraries access, retrieve, store, manipulate and disseminate information to users.
In the present scenario, the library and information centers are able to provide access to;
• Online databases over the country and overseas.
• Comprehensive statistical databases and content page services.
• Full text information sources with key word searching.
The academic libraries in Indian universities are trying to prepare themselves on a corporate basis; a platform for ICT based information services. Internet made revolution in collection of information. Internet broke the entire distance barrier; internet has emerged as a boon to the information seekers as well as libraries. It is easy to use and less expensive teaching and research tool. Internet has changed the way of librarian to view information sources. Infect all areas such as professional associations, research organizations publisher is treated as the speedy, accurate and effective way of communication among academic, research, executives and business communities. Hence, internet is the most popular tool for information service/ current awareness service in the library and it is gaining momentum rapidly. Now a day internet has become a part of library environment.
ICT has impacted on every area of academic library such as in library collection development strategies, library building and consortia etc. ICT facilitates value-added information services and access to a wide variety of digital based information resources to their users. In addition to that academic libraries are also using modern ICTs to automate their core functions, implement efficient and effective library cooperation and resource sharing networks, implement management information systems, develop institutional repositories of digital local contents, and digital libraries and initiate ICT based capacity building program for library users. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has brought revolutionary changes and transformation to academic library and information services, it changes the way of Conventional LIS operation such as OPAC, users services, reference services, bibliographic services, current awareness services, document delivery, interlibrary loan. Audio visual services and customer relations can be provided more efficiently by using ICT tools, as they offer convenient time, place, cost effectiveness, faster and most-up-to-date dissemination and end users involvement. ICT changed the way of information services by changes in format, contents and method of production and contents and method of production and delivery of information products.
1.2 Statement of problem
As ICT has enormous benefits still libraries are not adopting it frequently in Indian academic libraries. Still some library staff and other library member hesitate to use ICT resources in the library. ICT acquisition and implementation is still facing a lot of problems and at all steps it meets with new challenges. The proposed work is being conducted to expose some of the inhibiting factors that are hindering the impact of ICT on Indian academic Libraries. Among the militating factors hindering the impact of ICT on Indian academic Libraries is a lot of capital investment to buy hardware, software and stand by generators for the library. Less familiar with computers and lack of search skills, automation at infancy level, fluctuating power supply, and technical know – how are some of the problem encountered by the academic libraries.
2.1 Literature Review
In the proposed study of Sun, Hao-Chang, Chen, Kuan-nien, Tseng, Chishu and Tsai, Wen-Hui (2010) showed that how implementing new information technology has expanded the role of librarians who changed in educators and how this role has played a major contribution in evolution of new technology. They told that that collaboration with faculty member was to be an essential feature of the most successful stories. Educate the students and faculty member to use new ICT may have become one of the important roles of librarians and information managers. In his study Ghosh and Ghosh (2009) found that the progress of India has made in its move towards a knowledge-based economy. Government of India has decided to develop fundamental pillars of knowledge sharing infrastructure, knowledge workers and a knowledge innovation system. Libraries play an important role in building an inclusive knowledge economy (KE) for a country. The important findings of the study were: the practice-based examples of how information and communication technology (ICT) projects are influencing contemporary Indian society and an account of government policies in regard to ICT implementation and development towards a KE are presented. The impediments in the process of KE in India are identified and recommendations are made. According to Antherjanam & Sheeja (2008) the impact of ICT on LIS and its major shifts and practices in university library of CUSAT. The outcome of the study were:(a) Users are making very good use of the available ICT facilities.(b) With the help of telephone, e-mail, Fax etc. reference queries are answered faster than before.(c) SDI, CAS etc. are also done faster than before.(d) Issue & return of books, renewals are done faster than before.(e) Book selection, price checking are also done very efficiently using ICT.(f) About 90% of the users of the library search OPAC for getting information about the where about of books.
The main an objective of the study was to investigate and determine the levels of information technology (IT) in Pakistani libraries. This article also focuses on the status of computers and other commonly used hardware, e-mail, internet, library software, automated user services expenditure on ICT and online resources available in academic libraries of Pakistan and particularly developing countries. The questionnaire methods were used of data collections. In this paper was found that a low level of IT infrastructure facilities availability, particularly the absence of computers, email and internet in libraries. It was found that libraries need to be fully automated using standard library software packages. Hence, access to online information resources through the Higher Education Commission (HEC) was found extensive and comprehensive. The finding can be utilized to evaluate the status of different ICT tools and applications. The collections of data were useful and authentic source for planning to improve the libraries ICT infrastructure, library automation and reducing the gap in the use of IT in different kind of libraries (Ramzan and Singh, 2008). Raza and Amar Nath (2007) indicated the use of Information Technology (IT) in the university libraries of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh with an clandestine objective to establish some co-relation between quality in libraries and use of IT. The Article highlights the use of hardware and software facilities in university libraries. It also touched the access of networks, information services and barriers in IT applications. Questionnaires, interview and observation methods were used for data collection. Survey conducted on four university libraries, Panjab University library, Chandigarh; Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla; Punjabi university Library, Patiala; and Guru Nanak Dev University Library, Amritsar found that only Panjab University Library, Chandigarh and GND university library, Amritsar have provided computerized access to their databases. Library literature reveals that quality depends on merging print culture with digital culture but the result of this survey he found that print culture is still dominating in university libraries of this region. In the proposed study of Cholin (2005) there is an attempt to give an overview of Information Technology implementation in different university libraries in India that provides effective access to resources available within universities and elsewhere. It discussed the role of the INFLIBNET Centre in the overall development of university libraries across the country with special emphasis on efforts through UGC-Infonet E-Journals Consortium. Study conducted by Obioha (2005) was (1)to ascertain if ICT has played any roles in helping research officers in their information seeking and use, (2) to know what these roles are (if any), (3) to find out if there are constraints in the use of ICT tools by research officers, and (4) to find out what these constraints are (if any) and extend useful suggestions that will aid in the researchers’ information seeking and use. The main pointsof the study were: (1) The researchers of the NIOMR, Lagos have considerable awareness and exposure to ICT and its tools,(2) ICT tools aid researchers in their seeking and use of information speedily and with ease. ICT helps in gain of more knowledge. It is found that international and local agencies supports research activities including provision of ICT tools, training and retraining in ICT, and (3) Lack of adequate, stable power supply and infrastructure are hindrances to ICT use as responded by these researchers. Insufficient ICT tools and centers slow down research work. Proposed paper deals with the development of public libraries in Bangladesh, their present situation, and some recommendations for improving their services and implementing Information and communication technology (ICT). It plays a vital role in bringing about changes in society. Now in the age of ICT the role of the public library has changed drastically in developed countries. They are providing more cultured and useful information services to their clients. But public libraries in developing countries are using these facilities very slowly due to shortage of funds, skilled manpower and other support. Thus users of public libraries in developing countries are not fully satisfied (Shuva, 2005). Yapa (2003) argued the overall scenario use of ICT in Sri Lanka and particularly in libraries. Author told that, National Information Policy and National Information Infrastructure are essential, if a country would like to use the IT resource maximum. He found in his study that the progress of library automation in Sri Lanka is a result of the effort few professionals who worked collectively. One good thing about Sri Lankan scenario is the commitment and obligation of library professional for library cooperation. In hios study Hussain and Abalkhail (2013) clearly told that the majority of users of the library used the circulation service. They found that a majority of research scholars consult the reference books for research work followed by undergraduate students who used the library circulation service.
3.1 Objective of the study
· To study the present ICT products and services provided by Academic libraries in Delhi University.
· To find out the different purposes of using ICT product and services.
· To find at what extent users are utilized ICT based library services and facilities.
· To know which search engines used by users most.
· To list out the problems faced by users when using ICT product and services in libraries during their study.
· To find out the satisfaction level of user with the ICT based products and services provided by the libraries.
· To suggest methods for improvement of existing resources and services and implementation of ICT.
3.2 Scope of the study
Delhi University has a large number of college and libraries. In my proposed Study I will visit only two college library named Kirorimal and Laxmibai college . And I will conduct my survey 100 randomly selected person some of them are students some of them are faculty member and some of them are library person. The rest Delhi University college and other university college libraries such as Jamia Miliya , Kuruchetra universities will not be enquired.
A survey will be conducted in 2 different college libraries in Delhi University, for accessing knowledge and perception of students regarding introduction of information technologies in the libraries, and to know is ICT made the use of library easy or not. A group of 100 people will be chosen from each college (total 200) & than evaluation will be need for the concern result.
3.4 Hypothesis considered for the study
1) Library professionals of Delhi College affiliated to the Delhi University are having lot of constraints at different levels in having ICT skills.
2) Colleges of Delhi University under the study are having adequate ICT infrastructure for their office automation.
3) Users are not well known to use the ICT tools. Skill wise users are not sound so they hesitate to use ICT products offered by library.
4.1 Research Methodology
The questionnaire method will used for the present study to collect the necessary primary data for evaluation and assessment. The questionnaire method has some limitation to collect the data, hence the investigator adopted interview and observation methods will be used to collect required information to supplement to the questionnaire method and to bring more clarity to the data. It is not feasible to collect large of number data of each and every library user in their study; therefore samples oh selected libraries will be taken. I will select 2 college Libraries of Delhi University and 200 random people will be selected. The questionnaires were distributed personally among librarians and user.
This study limited to ICT and its impact on library and Information services: a case study of Kirorimal and Laxmibai college all over India and measures users engagement in the number of user responses. The quality of user responses is not sufficiently studied. And the study relies heavily on the objective data from libraries’ use of ICT and its impact on library services. Subjective data on how users expect libraries use ICT is missing. Also, while the study focuses on the application of ICT and its impact on library services, cultural factors are not delved into. And this would probably generate more meaningful theoretical results. Further studies can be improved by including user inputs on libraries’ ICT based services, surveying users’ opinions and exploring cultural aspects of applying ICT in Library services.
ICT has transformed library services globally. It also contributed immensely to the performance of librarians in the discharges of their duties such as in cataloguing, references services, circulatory management, serial control etc.In this study is that ICT has fulfilled its promise in academic libraries, there remarkable rise in the use of ICT. ICT speed on acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination operation. ICT also help to curb the problem of information explosion in the information era.ICT libraries are operating in a quickly changing situation, they should be aware of latest technologies to continue and maintain the importance of the services offering. Information technology has broken the world wide boundaries new apparatus and methods help to the provide better services to our dents.
Organization of the study
The entire work has been divided in six segments. First part is Introduction gives an idea about the topic and also states the importance of study via statement of problem. The second segment is literature review, in which view of previous researchers have been discussed. Third segment contains objective, scope, sample and hypothesis. Fourth segment deals with the research methodology which will be used in study. Fifth part/segment is limitation of the study and sixth one is conclusion and then references and bibliography and index.