Theidea of the police and the public working together to help reduce crime is thecornerstone of community policing. Efforts to enhance the relationship betweenthe public and the police should be a top priority.
If every member of thepublic was treated as if they were an important part of stopping crime frominfiltrating the community, they may be more likely to work with policeofficers. Overlooking certain members of the community can lead to a one-sided,biased point of view about what is happening. Perhaps certain individuals arenot as credible as others, but they still may have something relevant tocontribute to an investigation. Getting multiple perspectives from differentmembers of the community and talking with people from all walks of life wouldcreate a sense of unity and result in people working together for the commongood. If people felt as though police officers were working with them and notagainst them they might be more willing to comply with their requests andanswer questions truthfully.
By prioritizing the relationship between lawenforcement agents and members of the public many enhancements to policingcould take place.Thereare different types of policing methods that all prove to be beneficial inhelping to fend off crime. Both tactical and strategical efforts are importantin crime fighting efforts. Information that can be utilized immediately wouldqualify as tactical intelligence. Strategic intelligence involves working togather information to identify an appropriate course of action.
Examining thesepatterns can prove very beneficial in preventing crime for occurring. All typesof policing tend to be similar, because they intersect and share a common goal,to effectively reduce or eliminate crime. Yet these various types of policingare fundamentally different in terms of operations and methods of acquiringintelligence. Efficiency of community policing rests on establishingfamiliarity and greater transparency between police officers and members of thepublic. Problem-Oriented Policing concentrates on pooled facts and data toidentify specific areas of frequent crime and types of frequent crime in thatspecific area. Intelligence-Led Policing relies on all this informationcombined, to apply it to tactical and strategic crime fighting within thedepartment force.
They are all beneficial strategies of policing and offer aninsight into improving operations within law enforcement. The idea of community members makingup the police force, and working together was exemplified by the early Englishpolicing model. This early English system was made up of members of thecommunity and is similar to the idea of community policing because communitymembers were very involved in helping to maintain order. Today, police officershold a much more official authority than they did back then, since earlyEnglish policing was less formal and less organized. Currently police officersare sometimes viewed as ‘above-the-law’ by members of the general public ratherthan members of the community. This view can make it difficult for the policeand the public to work together.
These early policing structures helped toshape the basis of all police forces today which shows there is a significantbenefit to involving the public in an effort to eliminate crime by workingtogether. Investigative detectives normally use three methods ofdata collection including specific, general and informative components. Strategiessuch as undercover assignments and staging sting operations have proved to be successfulways to apprehend criminals. This is very hands on police work, and can bedangerous for the officer in some instances. The paper work affiliated withcriminal investigations can be overwhelming and incredibly time consuming, yetit is essential in successful convictions as well as creating new policingtechniques. The creation of specialized units within the police force can alsolead to a more organized investigational flow. The police force also has accessto cutting edge technology to help them identify criminals which has helped toenhance the process of the investigation. By focusing on the areas that are high in incivility, andisolating the nature of these occurrences, they can put the proper measures inplace to thwart criminal activity.
These types of preliminary crime measuresand preventative policing stop the rates of these crimes from climbing. Takinga hands-on approach and using personal problem solving to stop crime can bevery useful. Yet it is crucial that these officers keep in mind the rules ofthe law so that all evidence obtained is ruled admissible in court. Proper enforcement of the law begins with the intentionof serving the community. Considering that most of an officer’s time is spenthandling minor disturbances within the community their main goal should be tomaintain stability. Community service creates a sense of trust and acquaintsthe police with the public.
Maintaining balance within the community will leadto less crime in general. Many law enforcement agents have been hired toestablish a presence within the community through patrols and deter crime in aproactive manner. Thegovernment is spending more money now than ever before on efforts to increase policepatrols and militarize police operations. The force is more organized and operatingunder a very clear-cut set of standards and rules. With frequent news storiesregarding injustice by the hands of law enforcement, it is very important forpolice officers to adhere to the guidelines set regarding the law.
Fairness andequality are goals promoted amongst law enforcement agencies throughrequirements such as the time-in-rank system. Essential police experience isgained by spending time in lower ranking positions while earning respect andgaining knowledge along the way. Those who exhibit effort and consistency whilein lower ranking positions prove that they take their position seriously andearn advancement. It is important to establish oneself amongst the community asan upstanding officer and gain the peoples trust, while simultaneously gaininga personal perspective of the public, before being promoted to a higher rank.