The definition of obese is to be grossly fat or overweight. In 2013, forty-two million infants and young children were overweight or obese, worldwide and seventy million young children will be overweight or obese by 2025 if current traits continue. Without intervention, overweight infants and young children will likely continue to be overweight during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Obesity in childhood is associated with a wide range of serious health complications and an increased risk of premature onset of illnesses, including diabetes and heart disease. Childhood obesity can lead to psychosocial problems, neurological, cardiovascular, endocrine, Musculoskeletal, Renal, Gastrointestinal and Pulmonary problems along with risk for a hernia, DVT/PE, and stress.
Psychosocial problems could consist of poor self-esteem, depression, anxiety, social withdrawal/isolation or a low quality of life. There are links between depression and childhood obesity that makes people believe the two are connected. These links include a change in sleep patterns, sedentary behaviour, appetite and food intake, having a negative selfimage etc. Neurological problems can include pseudotumor cerebri (increases intercranial pressure without a detectable problem), a higher risk for stroke and more. There are many cardiovascular (heart) health risks with being obese at a young age which includes dyslipidemia (abnormal amount of lipids in the blood), hypertension (abnormally high blood pressure), left ventricular hypertrophy (thickening of the left ventricular muscle), chronic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction (systematic pathological state of the endothelium), and a higher risk of coronary disease (plaque buildup along inner walls of heart), etc.
As you can tell this list goes on and on. From abdominal problems (gallstones, colon cancer etc.) to bone problems (flat feet, degenerative joint disease, etc.), lung diseases (asthma and more), almost any health risk outlined (including type two diabetes) is increased in obese children or obese people in general. Childhood obesity is caused by a variety of reasons. The most common causes are genetic factors, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, or a combination of these three.
In rare cases though, being overweight or obese can be caused by medical conditions such as a hormonal problem. But it’s as easy as a physical exam and some blood tests to rule out the possibility of obesity being caused by a medical condition. Although weight problems tend to run in families, not all children with a family history of obesity will vie overweight. Children whose parents (or brothers or sisters) are overweight may be at an increased risk of becoming overweight themselves, but this can be linked to shared family behaviours such as eating and activity habits. A child’s total diet and activity level play an important role in determining a child’s weight.
Today, many children spend a lot of time being inactive. For example, the average child spends approximately four hours each day watching television. As computers and video games become increasingly popular, the number of hours of inactivity may increase.
If you have an overweight child or know an overweight child, it is very important that you let them know its ok, and that you will be supportive. This is because parents feelings often reflect onto what the kids feel as well, and if you obviously try to change who they are as a person, they’re going to think they’re something to change. Education, wealth and the place you live can also affect children obesity Child obesity in Canada and the U.
S. appears to have levelled off, but there needs to be more prevention, experts say. The prevalence of obesity in recent years among those aged three to nineteen was thirteen percent in Canada, compared with seventeen and a half percent in the United States, the U.S (as of 2015). *Refer to Appendix A*. In the late 1970s, five percent of children and teens in Canada and just over five and a half (5.6) percent in the U.S.
were obese, the researchers said. Which means in around forty-five years the rate of obesity has gone up at eight percent.”Both Canada and the United States have seen increases in childhood obesity from 1980 to the beginning of the twenty-first century, and then no recent changes in prevalence,” Cynthia Ogden of the National Center for Health Statistics and her co-authors said. These numbers are the highest they’ve ever been in candy and its all due to unhealthy eating, lack of excursive or both. People are just becoming lazy. The number of obese children and adolescents (aged 5 to 19 years) worldwide has risen ten times as much in the past four decades, *refer to Appendix B*, according to a new study led by Imperial College London and the World Health Organization (WHO).
If current trends continue, more children and adolescents will be obese than moderately or severely underweight by the year 2022. The study is published in The Lancet. It analyzed weight and height measurements from nearly 130 million people aged over five (31.5 million people aged 5 to 19, and 97.4 million aged 20 and older), the largest number of participants ever involved in an epidemiological study. More than 1000 researchers contributed to the study, which looked at body mass index (BMI) and how obesity has changed worldwide from 1975 to 2016.
During this period, obesity rates in the world’s children and adolescents increased from less than 1% (equivalent to five million girls and six million boys) in 1975 to nearly 6% in girls (50 million) and nearly 8% in boys (74 million) in 2016. Combined, the number of obese 5 to 19-year-olds rose more than ten times before globally, from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016. An additional 213 million were overweight in 2016 but fell below the threshold for obesity. Lead author Professor Majid Ezzati, of Imperial’s School of Public Health, said: “Over the past four decades, obesity rates in children and adolescents have soared globally, and continue to do so in low- and middle-income countries. More recently, they have plateaued in higher income countries, although obesity levels remain unacceptably high.”Professor Ezzati adds: “These worrying trends reflect the impact of food marketing and policies across the globe, with healthy nutritious foods too expensive for poor families and communities. The trend predicts a generation of children and adolescents growing up obese and also malnourished.
We need ways to make healthy, nutritious food more available at home and school, especially in poor families and communities, and regulations and taxes to protect children from unhealthy foods.”