The production Rates of solid waste are subject to certainvariables, such as population density, types and levels of economic activity,and the income level of the population (Al-Ansari, 2013).
In 2010 United Nation(2010) established that the generated rate of solid waste in low income countrieswas (0.9 – 0.4) kg/(capita. day), whilst the generated rates for middle andhigh-income countries were (0.5 – 1.1) and (1.1 – 5.
07) kg/(capita. day) correspondingly(Al-Ansari, 2013).The generated rate of solid waste in SulaymaniyahGovernorate in 2009 was 0.69 kg/(capita· day) (Sulaymaniyah Directory of Municipality).This value is considered very low and is unsatisfactory, compared with the generationrates of waste for both Iraq as a whole and for Baghdad (the capital of Iraq),which were (1.01 and 1.
47) kg/(capita· day) respectively. This rate is also lowin comparison with the international standard rate of 1.5 kg/(capita· day)(Iraqi Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works, 2009). The figures for thegeneration of municipality solid waste per capita for Sulaymaniyah city would placeit as middle income in relation to the data of the Department of Economic andSocial Affairs of the UN in 2010 (Al-Ansari, 2013; Iraqi Ministry ofMunicipalities and Public Works, 2009). The whole population of SulaymaniyahGovernorate in 2016 was 2084492 inhabitants (Kurdistan Region statisticsoffice) based on the population growth rate of 2.
99%. According to (World Bank,2015), the annual population growth of Iraq is 2.5% for years 2010-2014. Thequantity of municipality solid waste generated in Sulaymaniyah Governorate in2016 was 604107 tonnes (Sulaymaniyah directory of municipality). Generationrate of municipality solid waste in 2016 was 0.794 kg/(capita· day) in theSulaymaniyah city depending on calculation methods which are illustrated below.
The rate for Sulaymaniyah city as a function of population density. Depended onthe information cited in the records of the Sulaymaniyah statistics office, anattempt was made to determine the future expected of municipality solid wastein Sulaymaniyah city for the year 2032. This was achieved through using seriesof Equations using two methods as follow: