SusanB. Anthony would forever be known as an important women’s suffrage leader,abolitionist, and advocate for equal rights for everyone. She would influencemany people and help set the motion for many changes, and would unfortunatelypass away before seeing the Nineteenth Amendment get passed to allow women tovote. Susan B. Anthony was born onFebruary 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts on a family farm.
She was raised in aQuaker family, and Quakers believed that women were considered equal with men underthe eyes of God. Anthony wished to spread that belief outside of the Quakerreligion from a young age, and devoted her life to changing the way women andslaves were viewed, and spreading equality. (“Susan Brownell Anthony”) Anthony never married, and went onto be a teacher for several years before returning to her family’s farm. It wasthen when she met several abolitionists who would visit the farm. (“Susan B.Anthony, NPS”) This brought her attention back to reform and she began to getinvolved with temperance movements and anti-slavery movements. She would givepassionate speeches in public as William Lloyd Garrisonencouraged her to get involved.
(“Susan Brownell Anthony”). Anthony would get her first major involvement with thewomen’s rights movement when she attended the women’s rights convention inSeneca Falls in 1848 and met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. They would form a closebond of friendship and alliance that remained strong for many years.
(“SusanBrownell Anthony”). The two co-founded the American Civil Rights Association in1868. They also became editors for the paper, The Revolution, in 1868. One year later, when the 14th and 15thAmendments were passed, stating that black men could vote, Anthony and otherwomen advocates opposed it, as the government would not extend voting out towomen, which went against the idea stated in the Constitution, “all men andwomen are created equal.” Because of these amendments, Anthony was inspired todress as a man and vote anyway.
Her plan failed, and she was caught andarrested in 1872, and after her trial and conviction, more of the nation’sattention was turned to women’s suffrage. (“Susan B. Anthony”) Anthony then went on to help unify the many suffrageorganizations into one, the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Shecontinued with this cause until she died in 1906 from pneumonia.
The 19thAmendment, which gave women the right to vote, was passed 14 years later, andwas nicknamed in her honor, although she unfortunately never saw her hard workpay off. Throughout Anthony’s role in women’s suffrage, shedelivered speeches and wrote articles to spread the movement. Her speechesfocused on the unfairness of allowing men, mainly white men, to hold certainrights, and not allow women to have or be expected to hold the same rights,while the Constitution was made to secure rights for ALL citizens. She used theConstitution to back up her beliefs, and lashed out at the government for notdoing what the people of America trusted them to do. She would claim that womenmust not be people or citizens if they were withheld from certain rights.
Herspeeches would influence many women to join the movement, and her role in themovement helped win women the right to vote and other rights.