Summary the way in which a person is



In this technical report, the
first chapter will show you an in depth look into a variety of visual, hearing
and mobility impairments that hinder the use and navigation of buildings.  It includes conditions such as Parkinson’s
where the side effects of the disease cause muscle spasms, A lapse in vision
and stiff joints meaning that the way in which a person is to operate a
building will be greatly limited without assistive care and technologies being
put into place. This is also applicable for conditions such as spinal injuries
where the user has become wheelchair bound, this will mean that for them to be
able to use the majority of buildings they will need access to ramps and lifts
in order to manoeuvre them. Another issue would be blindness, this means that
there is either limited or no vision being produced from your eyes, this is due
to issues such as cataracts which is clouding of the lens or retinopathy where
blood vessels leak into the retina. This issue alone will mean that without
assistive care or technological help, someone with these impairments wouldn’t
be able to use a building.

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The second chapter focuses on the
Disability Discrimination Act and the Equality Act. The Disability
Discrimination Act was an act produced in 1995 which made it against the law to
discriminate against people with disabilities in relation to how they would
work, their educational needs, provision of goods and services and transport (NHS Employer,

This mean that a new wave of acts has enabled people with disabilities to fight
back against unlawful conduct by employers or landlords in relation to their
disabilities. The amendment of these laws in 2010 has led us to what we have
now which is the Equality Act 2010, the difference between this act and the
previous Disability Discrimination Act is now the Equality Act stops
discrimination where someone is treated less fairly than an individual without
disabilities or impairments due to protected characteristics including sex, age
and race.


The third chapter looks at Approved
Document M, this is one of a collection of documents produced by the Secretary
of State that give clear, practical guidance on the individual and technical
parts of the building regulations. Part M of the Approved Documents looks at
access to and use of buildings, this includes how to make suitable access to a
building in regards of sloped ramps, how sanitary accommodation will be
designed in a way that wheelchair users or people with limited movement now
have enough space (Welsh Governement, 2010), this includes how
corridors will be wide enough to allow 2 wheelchair users to pass by each other
without the chance of a collision happening. The issues raised in the Approved
Document M suggests supportive technologies and building modifications to allow
a more equal and independent way of life for all of those whom choose to use
the building. The fourth chapter of the report covers a wide range of assistive
technologies used to create a more equal opportunity to those with disabilities
in terms of how they will manoeuvre within and around a building. These
technologies are things such as adjustable wash basins that can move up and
down to assist both people in wheelchairs, and those with short stature,
another would be the UltraCane, this device allows visually impaired people to
go out and walk without the risk of collisions happening due to the sensors
that alert you when you’re near an object or person.


As a conclusion, it’s clear to
see that there has been a vast improvement in not only the assistive
technologies enabling disabled people to have their independence again but with
the legislation and how that is making much more of an impact into how disabled
people can maintain their independence.