Subsequently, properties and behaviours that are not expressed

Subsequently, innovators can rectify the infrastructural
challenges of our society by applying natural computing through the process of
emergence. Put simply, emergence is a phenomenon of complexity
arising from simplicity, where the interactions between lesser entities constitute greater entities in a such a way
that the whole forms new collective properties and behaviours that are not
expressed by the sum of its parts (Bar-Yam). For instance, individual ants
can’t accomplish anything by themselves, however, when grouped into a colony,
they form collective movements that prevent
their foraging trails from becoming congested. Dr. Audrey Dussutour, a
researcher at the Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale in Toulouse, explains,
“individual behaviours can be optimized
to serve a collective good – and what this could mean for our future road
networks and intelligent transport systems” (“The mechanics of traffic:
bringing ants to the picnic”). In other words, civil engineers can solve
traffic congestion and minimize vehicle accidents by building a collectively
self-organized transportation network similar to ant trails. Thus, the
application of collective behaviours of
ant colonies can revolutionize urban transportation infrastructure by improving
its speed, efficiency, and safety. In
addition, in order to counter Zimbabwe’s hot climate, Mick Pearce, an
architect, designed the shopping center and office building Eastgate Centre based on collectively
built and self-regulating “termite mounds that maintained stable internal
climates by having a physical structure that enables passive internal airflow” (“Eastgate
Centre”). By modeling his design after self-organizing
and self-maintaining structures, such as the termite mound, the
architect was able to keep energy costs down and eliminated the need for
traditional air-conditioning systems. As a result, Pearce’s building, designed
on the emergent property of thermoregulation, is another example that validates
the profitability of incorporating emergence into our designs as it addresses
the issue of architectural design in urban planning. Analogously, Swarm Logic™ is a wireless power controller
“based on the way that bees and other social insects communicate and coordinate
with each other using simple rules governing individual interactions” that
seeks to minimize electricity consumption by “enabling electrical appliances
them to communicate among themselves autonomously” (“Swarm Logic technology
reduces energy use”). The newly established communication network gives rise to
emergent behaviourism that allows the appliances to independently regulate their
respective energy usage in accordance with
the collective demand. Therefore, Swarm
Logic’s embodiment of emergent testifies its practicality as it rectifies
urban power distribution. Thus, by providing simple yet sophisticated models,
emergence inspires designers to adopt natural computing into their workflow as
it enables them to remedy poorly devised infrastructures from a different angle
and conquer urban sprawl.