Society the juvenile system is made up of

Society
has come to rely on the juvenile justice system to deal with youth offenders
who have many of the same issues as adult offenders: Substance abuse, physical
violence, trauma, and mental illnesses. About 70% of juvenile offenders suffer
from these addictions or problems. Obviously when youth commit offenses the
adults must take action and respond. Too often though, the response does more
harm than good.

In
the 1990’s juvenile crime spiked nationally to its peak and caused all around
debate. The main argument was whether the juvenile system should be lock the
kids up and be done with them or give them a second chance and go through rehabilitation.
The problem with the juvenile system is who ends up there.  Studies show that majority of the kids who
get locked up are from a bad household and/or in poverty. What is worse is that
that majority of the juvenile system is made up of African Americans, Latinos,
and Native Americans. These 3 ethnic groups are five times more likely to get
arrested and do tome than white kids.

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Over
200,000 juveniles have been held in adult county jails and prisons. When they
were released they faced the after effects of being traumatized from the older
inmates. A lot of them become more violent and have a hard time finding and
keeping a job. Some of the juveniles have became accustomed to the system and
have a hard time adjusting back to being in society. Children that are sent to
adult systems face extreme and hard conditions. They are reportedly abused and
mistreated by adult prisoners and have a 30% more of a chance of re-offending
when released into the community.

A
number of states have laws that allow them to try juveniles as adults on
certain crimes. In 31 of those states kids under the age of 14 can be tried as
adults. Worse, 14 of those states actually don’t have an age limit for trying
juveniles as adults.  Not everyone
believes in trying kids as an adult. Many believe that the juvenile justice
system is wrong for doing so.

Over
50,000 kids are detained in the juvenile justice system. A lot of the kids
haven’t committed a violent crime either. Pre adjudication detention facilities
re running out of room to hold the youth.as the rate of crimes committed by
juveniles continues to climb, so does the amount of juvenile detention
facilities having to be built, causing taxes to go towards the price of
construction.

Juveniles
should be held accountable the first time they offend. This will ensure the
communities safety. The youth should be helped and not punished because studies
show that keeping the youth locked up doesn’t help them either afterwards.
There are youth programs all around America that try to keep at-risk youth from
ending up in jail and/or prison. They try to prevent them from engaging in
violent behavior, joining gangs, and getting involved in drugs by creating
alternatives that don’t take the kids life away. For example, take a curfew.
It’s there to limit how late the public stay out. This may seem dumb but it can
actually keep youth from committing crimes because a lot of crimes actually
happen at night.

Locking
juveniles up may stop the rate of crime at the time because they are isolated
away from the public, but actually makes the kids worse because all they will
know is the system. All it will do is make the crimes worse when they get
released and will just be adult offenders and could possibly be more violent. If
America wants an effective juvenile justice system, they must create and
enforce and utilize rehabilitation programs. The programs must help youth
become capable, responsible, productive citizens.