Shokri (2017) defines a successfulpolitical power as a power that uses its skills and political elements tosustain the implementation of plans set for a specific community. Power is theoffspring of the successful leadership that influences all people and governsall the outcomes towards the policies of a community. The channel that helpsaccomplish these policies and manage human resources is called political power.
According to Parsons (1963), essentially outstanding leaders become a finebalance between abilities, behaviours, sources of power, and aspects of thesituation. These become the determining factors in the ability to influencefollowers and accomplish group objectives. Therefore, any group, at any onetime, may assume a leadership role, given any degree of innate traits and thecircumstances surrounding the event.
Different people who can effectivelyinfluence what the group does, how it is done and the method by which the grouprelates to one another could carry out various leadership functions; hence,gain a political power. The most effective measure of a power competency is theextent to which the group attains its goals and this concept cannot beaccomplished without acquired political strategies that result from consistencyand control. This essay examines the elements and strategies of a politicalpower and it furnishes this paper with proper examples from American politicalsituations. The first important element of power islegitimacy, and it can be achieved by utilizing multiple forms of media tocater targeted purpose. Media is an indispensable channel that helps achievelegitimacy that ensures the acceptance of citizens to be governed or ruled by apolitical system.
According to Hume (1965), legitimacy cannot be achievedwithout appealing to the citizens. Hence, media power contributes to theeffectiveness of the political power if used properly. Couldry (2001) definesmedia power as:Media power means here the concentration ofsymbolic power in media institutions, particularly those of television, radioand the press. (Couldry, 2001)After examining this definition, the powercan be portrayed through the use of different means of media, but what mattersis the integrity of plans and their rationale that would ultimately flow in thepublic interest of a community. Integrity and rationale are other conflictingissues that pave the way for effective political power. If this manifestation isnot maintained; as a result, the political power will eventually lose itslegitimacy and citizens’ acceptance. Therefore, political strategies must beset forth to gain and maintain power. The first powerful strategy is to planfor a specific interval of time and this plan should be adhered to by actorsand successors.
Such plans must evoke productivity and morale in order tocreate an irreplaceable power that results from a painstaking understanding ofhow the policies function. For example, US presidential campaigns perpetuallyfocus on the longitudinal plans that overcome economic or political strugglesand safeguard the citizens’ welfare. These campaigns show the intellectualproperty of the candidates. If they follow this strategic approach, not onlywill they gain power, but also this power will be maintained. Influence is previously defined as a sourceof power; thus, influence is identified by controlling the outcomes of thepeoples’ attitudes and behaviours. According to Mokken and Stokman (1976), thisinfluence cannot have constraints and it can recognize the behaviours of therepresentatives and their choices upon the availability of resources.
Incontrast, force is a sign of a powerless system as power is characterized byintegrity, legitimacy, and freedom. Pertaining to Sarros, Brian,Cooper, & Santora (2008), to maintain a solid degree of integrity andthe ability to influence citizens internally and externally, one must be ableto gain the approval of people involved to make an idea reality. The ability todevelop cooperative relations, to be a team player and to create an atmospherethat supports a high degree of collegiality, marks the true political power.Hartman and DesJardins (2008) stress the point that power is further challengedby the ability to motivate others, often over a long period of time, and guideothers effectively. Power is a polemic issue according to itselements or it counts on the different interpretations of it. According toShokri (2017), power is characterized by its aptitude, high values,determination, and endurance.
He mentioned that:Power is the potential that one actorwithin a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own willdespite resistance, regardless of the basis on which that probability rests.(Shokri, 2017)Dahl(1957) showed the relationship between influence and power is reciprocal; inother words, power cannot be achieved without accomplishing appropriateinfluence to yield legitimacy and maintain a degree of integrity. Solidarity mustnot be taken for granted as a powerful system should sustain the cohesion andacquiesce.