Scientific literature is the keycomponent of every research, as it is the only medium for expressing theresults of scientific research. The basic purpose of scientific knowledge is todiscover something new or to build a new research on the basis of previousresearch. The record of scientific research is available in printed ornon-printed form in a certain field i.e.
Book or Journal. It is categorized into two basic categories the one is “PrimaryLiterature” and the second is “SecondaryLiterature”. The Primary literature describes the “original research” without any notes orin other terms it refers to account of research which is carried out by anindividual or by a group of researchers which is published in a Peer-reviewed scientific journal.
Thesetypes of descriptions or reports commonly called “Research Papers/ Journal Papers” which are written in thespecific format and then submitted for publication. Other than this, primaryliterature also includes Articles,Dissertations, Thesis, Conference Proceeding papers, Video recording, Reviewpapers/reports, Manuscript, Extending abstracts and Patents. Mostly the primary literature is published in journals,but some of the researches are published as dissertations or thesis, conferencepapers and reports. Let’s start to discuss from Article first, what is actuallyan article is? An article is basically to explain the methods and results oforiginal research performed by the researcher, it can be surveys, experiments,interviews etc. but in all situations the raw data have been gathered, analyzedby the researcher and then propose conclusion which is standardized, on theother hand short communication and rapid communication are also the parts ofresearch article. Now move on to dissertation, it is comprehensive and detailedform of research where the researcher describes the whole scenario in depth.Whereas, thesis is similar to dissertation.
Another important paper which isgoing to discussed that is conference proceeding paper, it is presented in theinternational conferences, national conferences and workshops are considered asprimary literature to obtain feedback from the audience. The video recordingalso use by the researchers for recording the experiments accurately and verifytheir observations correctly. Moreover the review paper/report highlights thepractical aspects and also it examines the progress in a certain topic, inshort it summarizes the recent knowledge of a topic and creates understandingand develop interest for the reader. As far as manuscript is concerned it isunpublished version of a research, and also it is handwritten or the originaltext by the researcher. An extending abstract declares the abstract which is anextract of research means the summary of any paper, mostly readers takes thewhole idea after reading it .
Last but not the least, patents are very importantfor the researcher because it is an authority or license from the governmentfor the limited time period.The secondary literature consists on thosepublications which are based on primary sources for collecting information. Thepurpose of this publication is to summarizing and gathering knowledge in aspecific area for other researchers, so that they can utilize the informationaccordingly. It includes textbooks,Internet, reviews, handbooks, Magazines, Newspapers, Newsletters and manuals.
The textbook provides the detailed introduction, identification of research objectives,research questions, guidelines of research path, collecting relevantinformation, interpreting data, analyzes data and develop understanding withthe context of research. The internet is widely use across the world as it is abig source of gathering data and information, the secondary literature generallycomes from the past researches where the internet plays an important role foracquiring previous papers. About the reviews, it does not shows an originalresearch, only focuses on précising the literature. The handbooks tells thedeep overview of research methods and combines both theories and methodologiesof qualitative and quantitative. The magazines are also considered as secondaryliterature because the knowledge is taken from different channels and combinedat one place.
Appearance wise it looks attractive and may contains pictures andgraphical presentations, general audience is commonly use to read. Anotherimportant kind which possess secondary literature that is newspapers, broadlyuse around the world, mostly people choose to study newspaper and getinformation from it, as it is supposed a good source of knowledge. Now turn todescribe newsletters, it is basically in printed form which covers the news ofbusiness activities and send through email to all employees, customers andpeople who are interested in knowing.
The last thing which is also reflects thesecondary literature is manuals, it is almost the same of textbook, providesthe relevant information to the researcher, it is not only useful for theresearchers also the common people can read and take essential literature fromit. As we studied from every aspect that the secondaryliterature gets from the previous papers which contains large amount ofinformation that can be very helpful for the newly research papers. From the researcher’spoint of view secondary literature is the chief constituent in terms of, ithighlights the purpose or aim of conducting research, research objectives,research methodology, which type of analysis tool will be used for testifyingthe results and verification of observations. Although the secondarypublications are not very much systematized as compare to primary publications,however it is a mandatory requirement for the paper.
Therefore, the mainobjective of secondary literature is to gaining knowledge for the specific areaof interest.It is concluded that, for the research paperliterature plays a backbone, as it is considered a main source of informationwhich helps to researcher for getting past knowledge and build a new researchin the specific are of interest.