Title: Children’s Right on Child
Marriages in Bangladesh
Topic: Child marriage in Bangladesh
Global Southern insight viewing the respect of
children in Bangladesh, as they are pressured to get married at a young age.
This paper will examine the ways children in
Bangladesh participatory rights are put against them, as they are expected to
marry at such a young age and convey so much responsibility.
How do youth in Bangladesh participate in viewpoints
in society? How are children affected by not being able to make their own
decisions about their participation rights? Does child marriage affect
children’s education, as they are looked at being adults and having the responsibility
in taking care of their family?
article 12 violating child marriages in Bangladesh?
12 in Bangladesh is being violated as child marriage still happens today.
“In 1993-94 the percentage of child marriages in
Bangladesh was at a high of 87.9% and in 2011 the percentage went down to
77.6%, but it’s still sitting at a high percentage” (Hossain and Mahumud, 2016,
Violates article 12 because children aren’t old
enough to make a huge decision on whether they want to get married or not.
The highest rates of marriages are in Rangpur
which was 86% (Islam, Haque, and Hossain, 2016).
Looking at the scholarly article, it is
indicating that children’s right are still not being established because the percentage
of child marriages in Bangladesh are still at a high number. This may indicate
that children do not have respect from adults in preventing marriage at such a
Most child marriages that occur in Bangladesh are
arranged marriages, where the parents of the children find them their spouse
(Hossain and Mahumud, 2016).
Disobeys articles 12, as adults are making
decisions on which person they should marry.
Children most likely don’t have the decision to
have an opinion on the type of person they want to marry.
Article 12 is put to the test, as children are
told what to do rather than asked. Parents marry off their children at such a
young age and the children’s participatory rights are being violated.
Educations role in child
marriage in Bangladesh.
Where does children’s education
stand when married at such a young age?
Children that are married before the age of 18
are more likely to have little to no education. When they get girls get married,
they are expected to do household chores and take care of their partner, as
they are not qualified to have meaningful employment due to their lack of
formal education (Kamal, Hassan, Alman, and Ying, 2015).
Children who stay in school longer have less of
a chance of being married before the age of 18 (Kamal, Hassan, Alman, and Ying,
In Bangladesh from 1993-94 it was shown that 60%
of women had no education, and in 2011 it decreased to 29%. In 1993-94 the
highest in education for women in Bangladesh was 2.3%, and in 2011 it went up
to 7.7% (Kamal, Hassan, Alman, and Ying, 2015).
Disadvantage of children getting married at a
young age as they are not educated on their rights and proper protection when
being sexually active with their partner.
Since children are being taken out of school at
such a young age, the education system should make it clear on the types of
rights they have. This is so if they do not want to leave school and get
married at young age, children can get the support and resources.
In Bangladesh, many girls in the rural areas are
more likely to have children a year after marriage. This is common for women
who are Muslim or the poorest, who have the highest rate in early pregnancy and
child marriages. Being pregnant at such a young age, these girls are more
inclined to death during labor, and complication in their pregnancy. (Kamal,
Young girls that are sexually active at a young
age and aren’t educated on the infections and diseases they may catch if they
are not caution.
If being in school will prevent child marriage
and early pregnancy, it should be encouraged more for children to stay in
“On average, girls who marry as adolescents
attain lower schooling level, have lower social status in their husband’s
families, have less reproductive control and suffer higher rates of maternal
mortality and domestic violence” (Kamal, 2010, pg. 38).
Education is key for children and a child being
put out of school to get married is detrimental to the child’s growth and future
wellbeing. The children’s participatory rights are subsistence against them
because they may not have a choice on whether or not they want to withdraw from
school, so they can raise children.
Violence in child
marriage may lead children to face abuse from their partner.
2014, Bangladesh was reported to have the most intimate partner violence and
these were girls that got married before the age the 15(Yount, Crandall,
Osypuk, Bates, and Naved, 2016). “It was shown that amongst the 44.5 % of
physical abuse reported, 78.9% of the women had married before the age of 18”. (Yount,
Crandall, Osypuk, Bates, and Naved, 2016, pg.1835).
– Male dominance in the culture played a huge
role in why young girls were experiencing IPV (Yount, Crandall, Osypuk, Bates,
and Naved, 2016).
lower class families it was more likely that the fathers or older brother of
the children would find the child their spouses. (Yount, Crandall, Osypuk,
Bates, and Naved, 2016).
the participatory rights, it gives girls the decision whether or not they want
to leave their partner because they might not feel safe.
– Due to
the lack of education, young girls are not able to have the support and
resources to become independent and are forced to rely on their male
counterparts. In some cases, they may have to live a life filled with abuse
because they are so dependent on their spouse
that are facing abuse from partners, maybe more likely to experience abuse as
they get older. They may not understand if being abuse is wrong because they
were experiencing it from such a young age, In a situation where the abuse maybe
unbearable it would be hard for women to take action because they may not know
what to do.
Marriage in Bangladesh
Thesis Statement: This
paper will examine the Global Southern high rate in child marriages in
Bangladesh. I will argue how participatory rights are put against children, the
lack of education due to child marriage and the increase in partner abuse.
Hossain, M. G., Mahumud, R. A., &
Saw, A. (2016). Prevalence Of Child Marriage
Bangladeshi Women And Trend Of Change Over Time. Journal of Biosocial
Science, 48(4), 530-538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932015000279
examines the decrease in child marriages of Bangladesh. Looking at the data
from 1993-1994 the percentage of children getting married before the legal age
of 18 was at a high of 77.6%. In 2011 the number decreased to 87.9%. Most
marriages in Bangladesh were arranged marriages, where the parents would find
their children’s spouse. They were among families who were poor and children
who no to little education in the rural areas of Bangladesh.
Islam, M. K., Haque, M. R., &
Hossain, M. B. (2016).Regional Variations In Child
In Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science, 48(5), 694-708. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932016000110
reading looks at the specific areas of Bangladesh that have higher rates in child
marriage. In Bangladesh, Rangpur had the highest rate in child marriage, which
was 85.4%. Men who were marrying girls under the age of 18 were likely to have
lower education compared to men who were higher educated. In 2012 a survey
showed 86% of women who had no education were married before the age of 18. For
women to avoid child marriages they would stay in school and be able to have a
Kamal, S. M. M. (2010). Geographical
Variations And Contextual Effect On Child
in Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Women’s Studies = Alam-e-Niswan = Alam-i
Nisvan, 17(2), 37-57. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/852337676?accountid=15182
journal discusses with children being sexually active at such a young
age due to child marriages, children more profound to getting sexually
transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections. Bangladesh was known for
their belief in child marriage and early motherhood, as it was common in the
rural areas. Young girls are also likely to get pregnant and experience
complications during pregnancy and death during childbirth. Women who were
Muslim and the poorest had a higher rate of child marriages in Bangladesh.
Kamal, S. M. M., Hassan, C. H., Alam, G.
M., & Ying, Y. (2015). Child Marriage In
Trends And Determinants. Journal of Biosocial Science, 47(1), 120-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932013000746
journal article talks about families that are poor and living in the rural
areas are more likely to get their children married before the age of 18. The
child husbands are more likely to have no to very little education and the
child wives are unqualified and do not work. In 2011 statistics show that 54.3% of young
women were married between the ages of 15-19. With the changing laws of the
minimum age of marriage, it will decrease child marriage and give the ability
for children to stay in school.
Yount, K. M., Crandall, A., Cheong, Y.
F., Osypuk, T. L., Bates, L. M., Naved, R. T., &
S. R. (2016). Child marriage and intimate partner violence in rural Bangladesh:
A longitudinal multilevel analysis. Demography, 53(6), 1821-1852. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-016-0520-8
Demography talks about the intimate partner violence (IPV), which occurs mostly
amongst women in Bangladesh. IPV contains physical, sexual, verbal,
psychological abuse. With Bangladesh and their history of male dominance. It
impacts on the way men conduct their behavior towards their partner. In
Bangladesh girls who are married before the age of 15, are more likely the ones
who are at a higher risk experiencing IPV as it may continue, as they get older.
It was reported in 2013 70.9% of women were associated with IPV.