of Arc was born circa 1412 in Domremy, France. From an early age, Joan of Arc’s
mother imbued the love of Catholicism within her, later influencing her
decision to fight in the Hundred Years War. Joan of Arc is remembered because
of her courage and bravery in saving France, and piety in the Catholic Church.
The Hundred Years War began in 1337
and ended in 1453. It was fought between England and France over a dispute in
territory. During the 116 years it lasted, the war was split up into three
different eras; the Edwardian Era War, the Caroline War, and the Lancastrian
War. Saint Joan of Arc lived and fought during the Lancastrian War era, helping
bring France to victory at Orleans. Before entering the war, Saint Joan of
Arc’s village unwillingly evacuated their homes, due to the impending threat of
British invasion. During this time period, women were considered inferior to
men. This inhibited many of the roles women were ‘allowed’ to do.
Saint Joan of Arc faced several struggles
before earning the reputation she is remembered for today. When Joan was
thirteen years old, she began to hear God’s voice in her head. God had begun to
reveal his divine mission for her, which was to rescue France from Britain and
to declare Charles VII as the lawful king. Many doubted her and even questioned
her faithfulness to God. This was the first of many difficulties she would face
in her life. Once she began her journey to bestow Prince Charles VII the
throne, she visited the Vaucouleurs for permission to ask Prince Charles VII to
fight in the war. She was rejected at first, but she persisted. This attracted
many followers who believed that Joan was the virgin, in the local prophecy,
that would save France. She then cut her hair and dressed like a man for eleven
days as she journeyed on to Chinon (where prince Charles VII’s castle was) with
an escort of soldiers and a horse given to her by Robert de Baudricourt. He
made the decision to provide her with necessary supplies and a horse after he had
saw a majority of the villagers approved of her divine quest. Upon meeting the
Prince, she requested that he give her an army. At first Prince Charles VII
refused. It wasn’t until Joan revealed a personal prayer Charles prayed to God
to help save France, that God had divulged to her.
of Arc was born to two poor tenant farmers. She lived a humble life where her
mother taught her the Catholic faith. As she grew up, Joan took care of animals
and acquired the skill of sewing. During the middle ages, many people were
illiterate because education wasn’t valued. Thus, Saint Joan of Arc was also lacked
the skill of literacy.
of Arc is remembered primarily because of her help to turn the tide of the
Hundred Years War. After getting permission from Prince Charles VII, she and her
troop set off to force the British to retreat across the Loire River at
Orleans. The news spread throughout France that a peasant girl had helped repel
British invaders. She quickly gained support from new followers because of this.
Joan then lead Prince Charles VII to
Reims, where he was then coronated in 1429, fulfilling her promise to God. In
1430, Joan of Arc was knocked off her horse and captured by the British. She was
then tried and put to death by the charges of witchcraft, cross dressing, and
heresy. On May 30, 1431 Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in the village of Rouren.
Not only did Joan defy the social norm by being a woman in combat, she inspired
other oppressed women to stand up for themselves and to question the norms. Joan
of Arc fits into the categories rebel, warrior, and leader due to her many accomplishments.
She is a rebel because she defied the social norm and went against the ways of
society. Joan classifies as a warrior because she fought for her country during
the Hundred Years War. She also classifies as a leader because she leads her troops
to victory at Orleans and inspired other women to break outside the stereotypical
ways of society and to be true to themselves. Joan of Arc’s major inspiration
was God. God told Joan His sacred plan and she, being a very pious person, followed
it. She later became the Catholic Saint of martyrs in 1920.
Saint Joan of Arc was a very influential woman
in history. She is remembered for her bravery, courage, and piety. Although
Joan of Arc is remembered for helping France defeat Britain, she would most want
to be remembered for following God’s plan for her life. Joan of Arc’s
selflessness and pure devotion still inspires women in modern times. Even though
she was persecuted, she made a tremendous impact on the world.