Roman Res Gestae insinuating that his most significant

Roman Empire’s
influence has deeply permeated many aspects of Western civilization from
politics to military organization and strategy. Augustus was one of the
well-known emperors in his power of ending the chaos of civil war and
stabilizing society afterwards. Augustus ushered in an unprecedented age of
peace and prosperity; this famous period did not occur naturally. The fact that
Augustus was able to maintain control of both the common people and the
government is a testament to his sovereignty and expertise. His authority also
benefitted his family’s status. Both of them are revealed in Augustus’s
inscription, Res Gestae Divi Augusti, in which, yet, he portrayed himself in a
different image. By portraying himself as a benevolent leader under the
republic constitution, Augustus utilized his appearance to consolidate and extend
his sovereignty, influence which he transferred to his family.  

Augustus enumerated his accomplishments in purpose to elevate
him to a selfless and benign leader in the Res Gestate. Augustus writes, “I
raised an army with which I set free the state, which was oppressed by the
domination of a faction” (Augustus para. 1). The “set free the state” refers to
his success in the civil war that military dictators divided the Roman
Republic. He especially emphasizes this achievement at the beginning of Res
Gestae insinuating that his most significant achievement were terminating the political
cleavage and restoring freedom and peace for the people. Augustus particularly emphasized
the latter one; he writes, “I rebuilt the Capitol and the theater of
Pompey, each work at enormous cost, without any inscription of my name”
(Para. 20). Augustus underlines the “without any inscription of my name” since
he intends to present an image that he concerns about social infrastructures,
not for his fame. Furthermore, the theater of Pompey was an important
architecture built by former ruler of Roman Republic. Augustus presented an
appearance of retrieving prosperity and traditional values in the past, which h
conformed to his claim that he would restore the Republic. Therefore, Augustus retained
the republic constitution for his portrayal, even though he had already
obtained a great power. He further fortified such image by rejecting the dictatorship
and position as perpetual consulate (Para. 5). Augustus denied the offers because
they violate the traditional Roman values and the constitution, even though he
arose as a sovereign leader with comprehensive control of the government. The
contraction of his portrayal of Res Gestae and his actual ambition strengthens
the fact that the inscription is served as his propaganda to glorify his image
and extend his influence over the empire.

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            Augustus consolidated his position
as an sovereign leader through massive support. Augustus mentions that he was
offered many different positions by the Senate and people throughout the Res
Gestae (Augustus para. 1, 5, 7, 8). Under the republic
constitution, he harnessed the regime by taking positions in extending areas,
therefore, he was virtually an absolute monarch despite an absent title of
“dictator”. Augustus was also granted different honorable titles. The most
significant one among them is the “princeps”, which means the “first citizen of
the state”. More precisely, Augustus was recognized as the first priority over
the equal citizens. The title has no official power, but it represented
Augustus’s ultimate status over the empire. The honor titles and various
positions to Augustus proved that he was regarded as the ultimate ruler in the
empire, and his regimes arose from support of the Senate and the people.
Despite of his political control over the government, Augustus’s wealth already
impacted the commonwealth. Augustus reflects several times that he used his
patrimony to rebuild architectures and provide public gifts and grains to
people. By doing so, Augustus further consolidated his popularity among
citizens in the midst of restoring social stability.  Therefore, Augustus consolidated his
authority through wielding numerous governmental positions as well as enhancing
prominence among citizens. His tremendous influence would also transfer to his
family, which continued their regime in the future. 

            Augustus’s
extending sovereignty also permeated through his family, enhancing the
legitimacy and prestige of his family in the Empire. Augustus mentions many
times that he rebuilt the infrastructures in the name of his relatives. By
undertaking these establishments in honor of his relatives, Augustus heightened
the esteem of his family while appearing benevolent. Augustus utilized these
structures to further promote his lineage in future. Other than this, Augustus
even send his two adopted sons to the Senate and to the military, quote. In
addition to glorify his sons through infrastructures, Augustus further extended
the influence and ability of his heirs to a variety of training in the
government, such that his honor would be inherited in future. (need revision,
+1 evidence)

Augustus was a
political expert that utilized various manipulative tactics in order to fortify
his regime and glory in this powerful empire. His accomplishments are
widespread and well known amongst contemporary Romans and in the future. While
his deeds and character may be disguised to portray an ideal image of Augustus,
his Res Gestae, a propaganda, provided a solid basis from his achievements.