Reproductive system

Abstract

The presentation is aimed at discussing the reproductive system by discussing the various organs and the roles they play in the reproduction process. The organs discussed are both of the male and female reproductive system. The paper also explains in detailed the processes of sperm release and ovulation that finally brings about fertilization.  

Introduction

The glands and organs that are found in a given part of the body that assist in the creation of new off springs through mating are referred to as the reproductive system. The reproduction of a creation can either be classified as a male reproductive system or female reproductive system. The male reproductive system of a human being consists of the following organs; seminal vesicles, the testes, penis and special associated and very crucial glands namely the prostate gland among others (Holt, 2003).

Penis:

The penis is a tubular organ but very masculine made up of free tissue with spaces in the middle. This is called erectile tissue. On being invigorated, the erectile tissue loads with blood, making the penis erect and firm, so it might enter the vagina of the female and release the sperms (Holt, 2003).

Sperm:

The sperm is the male gamete. It has a head and a long tail, which helps it swim towards the ovum (egg).

Testis:

The most vital male regenerative organ is the testis, which produces sperms (Hollen, 2004). There are two oval testes, each contained in a defensive sack called scrotum (or scrotal sac), lying outside the stomach cavity. The scrotal sac can lengthen and contract contingent on the body temperature and outside temperature. This is fundamental since sperm development happens at a temperature lower than typical body temperature. The testes produce sperms constantly from the phase of adolescence onwards. Sperms from the testis go through the sperm pipe, known as vas deferens. The vas deferens runs interiorly up to the urinary bladder, from where it leads descending and is joined by a pipe from the vesicle that produces semen (Holt, 2003). The seminal vesicle is a stretched sac at the base of the urinary bladder. For every testis, there is one vas deferens and one fundamental vesicle. The elements of a fundamental vesicle are to store the sperms that have originated from the testis and to discharge fundamental liquid, or semen, in which the sperms glide.

Prostate organ:

The sperm pipes from both sides join close to the base of the urinary bladder, opening into a solitary tube called urethra. This intersection happens inside the prostate organ. The prostate organ adds its discharge to the fundamental liquid. The urethra prompts the outside of the body through an organ called penis. It conveys both pee and original liquid. On the other hand, the female reproductive system consists of the following organs; uterus, vagina and the fallopian tube.

Ovary:

The ovaries are always found in pair, oval organs in the lower part of the stomach pit (Hollen, 2004). They create ova. At the season of birth, a female as of now has a huge number of juvenile ova in her ovaries. The ova begin developing when the female achieves adolescence. At regular intervals, one of the ovaries discharges an ovum. At the point when an ovum is discharged from the ovary, it is taken up by a slender Fallopian tube (likewise called oviduct) through its pipe formed opening. The ovum is gone down the conduit and into the uterus, which passes it out of the body through the vagina. The ovum is little and, along these lines, barely perceptible.

Fallopian tube:

The Fallopian tubes, or oviducts, are a couple of slim tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus. Each Fallopian tube has a channel formed opening close to the ovary (Holt, 2003). It is lined by cilia. The development of the cilia leads the ovum down the Fallopian tube and into the uterus.

Uterus:

The uterus (womb) is an empty, pear-formed, versatile strong structure. Its upper part, into which the Fallopian tubes enter, is more extensive. The thin lower part, called cervix, comprises of a ring of muscles. The uterus opens into the vagina through the cervix. A prepared ovum (zygote) forms into an infant inside the uterus.

Vagina:

The vagina is a tube prompting the outside of the body through an opening called vulva. The vagina is the organ where the penis is embedded amid intercourse for the release of sperms (KALANTARIDOU, 2004). It is additionally the entry through which the completely created child is conceived.

Conclusion

This paper depicts in point of interest the life systems and physiology of the human male reproductive system including its organs: testes, scrotum, prostate, spermatic conduits, sex organs, and penis. It also outlines the roles of the female reproductive organs such as the vagina, uterus and fallopian tubes among others. The paper also outlines the process of fertilization where the sperm gets to fertilize the ovum. 

References

KALANTARIDOU, S. (2004). Stress and the female reproductive system. Journal Of Reproductive Immunology

Holt, W. (2003). Reproductive science and integrated conservation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Hollen, K. (2004). The reproductive system. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.