In this essay I will be analyzing the film the raiders of the lost ark to show audience that in the first scene and a half that this is an action adventure film.
I will analyse the lighting of the movie, the camera shots, shot transitions and the sounds of the movie like the diagetic and non-diagetic sounds to show how it creates danger and suspense.I will also show the characteristics of the Hero and the characteristics of the villain because an action adventure film also has a hero and a villain which are both similar to each other. Also I will show the reward in the film which both the hero and villain want.
In an Action adventure film there is always a hero and a villain.Indiana Jones is the hero in the film and the characteristics of the hero are he is brave, and we see this as Indiana risk his life for the idol, has two sides ordinary and extraordinary for he is treasure hunter and a university lecturer, youngish guy in his early 30’s, his trademark whip and hat, intelligent, resourcefulness and this is shown by the way Jones uses the whip to get across the empty hole, he is motivated by the greater good, the best at what he does, has a weakness he is scared of snakes and he is good-looking/attractive guy and we can confirm this by in scene 1 when one of his pupils has ‘I Love You’ written on her eyelids.The characteristics of a Villain are he’s nearly as good as the hero at what he does, willing to be evil to achieve his goal, willing to kill for his personal gain, protected by henchmen and this is seen by how he surrounds Jones with his henchmen, will use what is dear to the hero against him and is motivated by personal gain/selfish aim and also by power.
He will also be vengeful. The film starts off as the camera is showing a mountain shot then changes to show a silhouette of Indiana Jones.Jones and a few guides are walking through the jungle and the music being used to make it seem real is the sounds of the jungle, insects and birds and they give us a sense of tension and suspense. Jones then takes a look at his map only to see that one of the guides has pulled out a gun on him Jones then takes out his whip and hit’s the gun out of the guide hand a shaft of light comes after Jones uses his whip to fling the gun at that moment the camera shows Indiana Jones face for the first time in a zoomed in mode and a low deep heroic sound is being used.As they entering the dark cave the music comes to a stop and the sound changes to a low Erie sound. Jones walks in cautiously and the guide follows in the cave spiders drop on both Jones and the guide back Jones just swipes them off but the guide is very nervous. Jones then comes across a light and tells the guide to avoid it special effects is shown here by when Indy puts his hand in the way of the light and spikes come out of the wall.
Jones uses his resourcefulness again by bringing out his whip and using it to lash onto a long to get across the big empty hole.Jones sees the idol and sees that this is too easy but the guide believes there nothing to fear, Jones looks at the floor and notices that one of the tiles are missing so he puts a plank on the tile and another special effect is shown as the poison arrow shoots out of the wall onto the plank. Jones gets across to the idol and the sound gets a louder and higher pitch note as Indy is about to swap the sand he had collected before in the jungle with the idol, the trap goes off and Jones manages avoiding all the poison darts being shot out from the wall.The reward in the first opening scene clearly shows what Indiana and Belloq are both trying to achieve.
The reward which is the Aztec idol is use to join the hero and villain together in the first scene so the idol introduces us to the main characters. Jones is then betrayed by the last guide and gives him the idol in exchanged for the whip but still with no whip Jones manages to get across the bottomless pit and the music starts to move faster until Jones get under the closing door then the music goes down to a low sound.Jones then sees the guide who betrayed him with spikes through his body, a giant rolling ball drops and follows right behind Jones, the music then starts playing fast and Jones runs to the end of the cave only to be surrounded by Belloq and his henchmen. Jones hands over the idol to Belloq the villain but Jones still manages to escape and get to his vehicle and at that moment Belloq has won the battle but not the war. The next scene starts with Indian Jones as his ordinary second life, a university lecturer.The Danger and suspense in the film is shown by the lighting as the movie begins very dark and dreary so we are not sure what to expect and what is happening in the film. The camera shots at the opening section are confusing, low angle shots to show the danger of Belloq and the Huevos. The shot transition start by setting the scene, showing us where there are also slow transition and a lot of short shots when Indy is escaping the temple.
There are also Diagetic sounds, as the jungle sounds in the opening stress the wild nature of the setting to make it seem real like the sounds of the birds and insects.There is also non diagetic sound as the music helps to builds tension, low creepy scary sounds, deep sound and dissonance. Brass instruments create a sense of majesty, power and strength. Also the key moment he gets the reward the music builds to a crescendo and the music is faster as he is being chased and then the scene ends with the music showing he has escaped with his signature tune The Special effects are shown by when light is disturbed spikes come out of the wall with remains of a previous explorer, everything falling apart, Indiana manages to get underneath the closing door in time and Belloq laugh creates a sense of evil.
In the conclusion, Spielberg clearly establishes the film as a specific genre and that is an action/adventure film so when the first scene of the film is over, the audience has a clear idea of what to expect in the rest of the film. There are a lot of conventions in the first opening scene and a half which establishes the action/adventure genre of the film such as having a hero who is brave and motivated by the greater good also a villain who is manipulative and deceiving to get what he wants.The danger and suspense of the film, how Spielberg uses sounds and music to create tension and suspense.
The reward in the film is to bring together the hero and the villain. Since Jones didn’t get the idol as it was taken of him by Belloq we know what to expect in the rest of the film To summarise Spielberg introducing these conventions into the opening scene and half he has clearly established a genre for the film which audiences will recognise