Mau (1990) developed Finite Element Model to study inelastic buckling and load-carrying capacity of reinforcing steels in concrete columns. They stated that critical spacing is dependent on the stress-strain curve of steel reinforcement. In addition, Mau (1990) performed a parametric study to establish the critical spacing range for typical high-strength steel. Analytical Studies Lin and …

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David Saavedra Mr. Ferge Physics PAP 11 December 2017 Physics Term Paper             SCIENCE! “The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.” The very definition of science covers all the questions for why we do what we do in any …

David Saavedra Mr. Ferge Physics PAP 11 DecemberRead More »

   In his cognitive developmental theory, Piaget suggests that children are motivated explorers when they get in touch with the environment their thought process evolve and expand. Children also have the ability to form and transform psychological structures until they find the perfect state to fit the reality, Piaget also believed that communication within peers is an important part of cognitive development. Children achieve knowledge through being active in their environment, so, they are involved in their own development. The society that surrounds children is a crucial component of their developmental process. Piaget made the distinction between development of knowledge and learning, arguing that these two subjects are in fact very different.   Starting with the development of knowledge according to Piaget is a process entirely connected to the embryogenesis process. Embryogenesis concerns not only the physical development, but it also concerns the development of the nervous system as well as the development of mental functions. Piaget suggests that  This total developmental process must be resituated in the general biological and psychological context.   Learning, on the other hand, is an entirely opposite subject, learning must be provoked, for example, by a teacher or an external situation .it is also a limited process to a single problem or to a single structure. You cant achieve knowledge by copying the reality, in order to know an object or an event one must act on the object, modify and transform it so he can understand the process of transformation and eventually how the object is constructed.   Social wold, according to Piaget theory, has an important role in the process of development in children. He stated in 1927 that the development of the child is equivalent to his adaptation in the social and even physical environment, also completing that social life is a necessary case for the development of logic. From that, it is believed, as stated by Piaget, that social life can completely change an individuals character and personality. (P.Lloyd,C.Fernyhough, 1999)     It is known that Piaget categorized cognitive development in stages which are sensi motor, pre operational, concrete operational and formal operational each of these stages gradually increase the degree of equilibrium. When an individual comes to the final stage, this individual has reached the state of full equilibrium which incorporates a set of operations that act on suggested stimuli that affects the logical structure of a “grouping” (smith, leslie , 1996)    Starting with the first stage, sensori-motor (0-2years),this stage is based on physical interactions and experiences, so, knowledge is restricted.children at this age continually experiment and learn by trying and failing. As the child becomes more moving his developing skill progress. Early language and memory development also appears during this stage. (Wood, K. C., Smith, H., Grossniklaus, D. ,2001)   although there is no socialization and  Piaget himself typify this stage as “individualistic” or “autistic” (Smith, Leslie,1996), we can observe a behavior that can be called, intelligent. A child can set a goal and use a means to get it. For example, if 12 months child wants an object which is placed too far from him the child pulls it in order to get. That we can call an act of intelligence. We can already observe structures in the sensimotor-stage , this stage depends on the action, movement and the perception of the child, without language. (Bruce A. Marlowe, Alan S. Canestrari, 2006)  The second stage : pre operational period (2-7 years) ,the usage of language begins along with the development of memory and imagination. Children start to understand the relationship between past and future . Intelligence is intuitive and not yet logical.(Wood, K. C., Smith, H., Grossniklaus, D. ,2001). The toddler cant empathise with the point of view of others and because of this shortage of differentiation Piaget defines this period as egocentrism. (Smith, Leslie,1996).  Continuing with the third stage : the concrete operational period (7-12 years) At the age around seven to eight an additional system of operation appears, the operation of serializing that is the capability to arrange things acoording to their color or weight. This structure depends on concrete operations considering it consist of manipulating concrete objects.(Bruce A. Marlowe, Alan S. Canestrari, 2006) Another significant change is that the child is able to distinguish his point of view from that of others  and co ordinate different ones , discussion and cooperation also appear.(Smith, Leslie,1996)   Last stage is the formal operational (adolescence –adulthood) At about eleven or twelve years aproximately importan progress can be noticed, the individual becomes able to reason on …

In structures until they find the perfect stateRead More »

Name: Tutor: Course: Date: What is sin in Christianity and Buddhism religious perspectives? Introduction All religions have diverse views regarding sin. Some of them share a common opinion as regards to its causes and possible consequences. Despite their difference, Christianity and Islam both agree that sins are acts against God’s laws, and the offenders shall …

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The NaCMC is usually known as cellulose gum. It is an anionic water-soluble polymeric polyelectrolyte. Manufacturing of cellulose derivatives is complete by treating the free hydroxyl groups in the anhydroglucose units (AGU) with different chemical substitution groups. The introduction of the substituent concerns the inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds in cellulose, which leads to the …

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Psychology

Assignment Name: Course: Date: Assignment Discussion 1 Distance education refers to the learning process that takes place as the educator and the learner are split by space and time. Distance between them is bridged by technology such as videoconferencing for instance. In the case if a large classroom, both the learner and the instructor expect …

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Sustainably with regard to the environment/earth’s resources means to balance humanity’s growth both economically and personally with the natural resources found on earth.  The definition of sustainably, given in the dictionary states; Sustainability is the ability to continue a defined behavior indefinitely. This with regard to environmental sustainability means that our environment can continue to …

Sustainably with traditional energy sources, and is remarkablyRead More »