Paper’s amount of sport knowledge the parent holds.

Paper’s Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the content and effects of different conversations during the car ride home after various sport competitions. The research aims at providing insight about the influence of parent involvement on psychosocial outcomes and performance narratives.Methods:  Researchers used a interpretivist and narrative view, which is relevant to transactional epistemology. In other words, they conducted interviews with the participants (27 child athletes and 26 parents) in order to cultivate meanings based on interactional knowledge and analysis of the participants’ stories.    Results: Following a variety of narrative evaluations, researchers used a data analysis log in order to reveal that a portion of the athletes viewed car rides as something to bear while others enjoyed the conversations. The conversations held were driven by presence of others and the degree of parenting and performance “stories” or narratives. Paper’s Conclusions: After examining the results and drawing inferences, it is clear that parent-athlete conversations largely favor the performance narrative, where winning is everything and sport outcome plays a role in self-worth and identity. Even if the athletes dread post-competition conversation, they all understand that negative feed-back is essential for performance improvement.      Previous studies have investigated the association between parent-athlete communication and psychological adjustments and quality of sport performance. For example, studies have shown a correlation between a warm-hearted, supportive parental motivation and a decreased prevalence of issues related to performance alterations for adolescent athletes. Parent behaviors range from encouragement to feedback. Instruction and negative comments toward child competitors are commonly reported as well. There are a number of factors that influence how parents act, such as stake of competition, the child’s ability, and degree of the performance narrative. In other words, some athletes place high dedication and significance on sport success, and therefore find negative criticism and instruction as a method to improve their game. There are factors associated with public locations that create a level of altered parental actions. For instance, in order to portray socially acceptable behavior and maintain an image of good parenting, parental units might stay silent, respectful, or supportive in the public eye. Parental comments might be swayed due to instrumental and relational goals, as well as the amount of sport knowledge the parent holds.       While there is an abundance of studies that focus on parental feedback and coaching in public areas, there is limited research regarding the conversations and criticism disclosed in private settings, such as car rides following competitions and practice. This specific study aims at investigating and analyzing the communication between the adolescent athlete and parent during post-game car rides. The study should disclose the importance of sport parenting and performance narratives and the capability a child has to positively modify his/her psychological mindset. Methods:       This study used an interpretative perspective, while implementing transactional epistemology. In other terms, the research is based on a definition of appropriate knowledge that derives from interactions with others. For this study, the researchers used the method of separate semi-structured participant interviews with an array of interview topics, including ice-breaker questions, organizational questions, conversation strategies, and occurrences related to the car ride discussion. They use interpretation to draw conclusions regarding experience and performance narratives. There were 53 participants, consisting of 27 adolescent athletes and 26 parents of varying ethnicities and ages.         The researchers collected data from the interviews using both thematic and structural evaluations. These analyses helped make general concepts across the participant stories and examined how each individual participant explained their car ride narrative. Similarities and differences were recorded as well in a dual-analysis data log. Finally, each participant was asked to give potential strategies to effectively communicate negative feedback and better the car ride home. Everything was written down by the interviewers as qualitative data.Results:        Overall, some athletes dreaded the post-game car ride home, while others embraced and enjoyed the car ride. Many athletes found the conversation as an opportunity to debrief and improve how they perform and think during a sports competition. Parents even admitted their own mental challenges when confronting their children after a sports game. Data results varied, especially since some parent-child pairs found the conversations as chances to strengthen their relationships. Inclusively, everyone agreed that negative feedback was crucial for learning and progress of an athlete’s game. The results show the significance of performance narratives, where athletes take constructive criticism as a motivation to work harder in order to reach goals. Based on the participants’ responses, private settings were the ideal place for emotional intimacy and feedback. This is especially accurate because the presence of others and a range of situational factors are major influencers of interpretation and parental behavior.       The results showed that some athletes did not initially appreciate the feedback and comments within the car ride. In order to weaken the power of the parent, adolescents admitted to avoidance behaviors or sarcasm as ways to belittle the criticism from parents. Regardless, the feedback internalized within the athlete and was eventually valued. Finally, a few potential strategies were mentioned to help lighten the mood and enhance the car ride home, such as being positive and giving the child time to contemplate their own performance. Paper’s Conclusions:       As mentioned briefly in the results, the parent-athlete conversation largely correlated with performance narrative. When a child and parent hold sports high on the pedestal of life, the athlete will take constructive criticism as a driving motivator to train and eventually win in the future. In these cases, there is an association between success and self-worth. The results also show that the essentiality for a parent to correctly read the child’s emotions, and respond appropriately on that basis. Like stated before, the athlete might try to decrease the power and importance of the parent’s opinion during the car ride home. These results suggest implications on conflict resolution and relational power struggle. It is obvious that negative feedback is essential for learning and enhancing the mental aspect of sports training on a general level.