One’s biological status which also called as sex is assigned since birth(Scutti, 2014). People only can be either female ormale that we can confirm by checking the sexual organ or hormone. What triggersmy interest in this topic is LGBT people have suffered and struggled a lot insociety duo to their sexual orientation.
Many people having prejudice andstereotypes on them and finally cause discrimination on LGBT person. Societywill put more attention to one’s sexual orientation instead of personality. Itis easy to see that sometimes society is judging a person by looking at his orher sexual orientation.
Having a normal sexual orientation that heterosexual isimportant and have to clarified, which also said as heterosexism, nowadays wheninteracting with others as people only recognize heterosexual (GLSEN, 2002). Heterosexual means in a relationshipwith different gender. Many evidence prove that if people cannot get ormaintain his or her job if the person declare that he is not heterosexual (Badgett, Lau, Sears, & Ho, 2007).
Unfortunately,there have a percentage of people willprefer to be the opposite gender to behave and think like the opposite genderor have a sexual orientation that is homosexual or bisexual. Since LGBT peopleare the minority in the world, they are not accepted by society and faced a lotof discrimination and sarcasm from majority of people who called themselves asnormal as is heterosexual (Smith, Oades, &McCarthy, 2012). Marriage between homosexual is still not accepted byinternational, however there still have some state are allowed for example,there have five municipal administration in japan are admit that homosexualrelationship is equivalent to marriage (Amnesty International, 2017). Mostreligious circumstances are also not recognizing LGBT (Barnes and Meyer, 2012).The four-main type of person that fall into ‘abnormal’ range are the lesbian(L), Gay (G), bisexual (B), and transsexual (T) which has a shorthand of LGBT. Publicand political have put core attention on this issue since it gradually become amain topic in society as it not only about intrapersonal and also related to interpersonal.Lesbian and gay are the person who is homosexual that they are attracted to thesame gender physically and emotionally (GLSEN, 2002). People especially oldfolk normally have a traditional thinking that only different gender can beinto a relationship and if someone not fall in this range, they will call it asabnormal or even perverted in slang.
Bisexual is the one who attracted to bothgender, either female or male (GLSEN, 2002). Although bisexual person moreeasily hidden in society, as they still can love with their opposite gender, butmost of people also cannot accept them as thinking that they are disgusting.Transsexual is the one most been discriminated and rejected by society. Thistype of person conflict with their own self biological gender role and willpreferred to become opposite side of their gender even in physicalcharacteristics (Lord, 2017). Transsexual individual will transition from owngender to another gender by using hormones or do surgery to change theirbiological gender (Scutti, 2014). Discussion Firstof all, when come into the issue of discrimination against LGBT people, thequestion that appear is what affect people to discriminate against LGBTcommunity so much? Discrimination against LGBT people comes from prejudice andstereotype toward the term of LGBT (Smith, Oades, & McCarthy, 2012).Activation of schemas occurs where their bad cognition about LGBT influencetheir emotion. Initially, people generate a feeling of fear and uncomfortableto the relationship between same sex and this called homophobia (GLSEN, 2002).
Same as also transphobia which produce a hatred or dread to transgender group (GLSEN,2002). Since they generate bad feeling, they prejudice on LGBT which first theyhave a bad belief on LGBT and they can feel how they dislike is then contributeto them to discriminate towards the LGBT group (Dovidio,Hewstone, Glick, & Esses, 2010). These three steps can arrange ascognitive component and affective component then cause conative component (Dovidio,Hewstone, Glick, & Esses, 2010). So, discrimination happens is becausepeople has a misunderstanding and bad feeling of the LGBT community whichcreate stereotype and prejudice. Thereason why people discriminate against LGBT group is also can be people tend toignores part of information to achieve the goal to judge quickly or makedecision faster that means heuristic or mental shortcut (Gigerenzer andGaissmaier, 2011). People are relying on their feeling and emotion which causethem judge or decide something in a quicker and simple way (Slovic, Finucane, Peters, & MacGregor, 2007). Inthis case, people judge the LGBT group based on their bad emotion on them andmake a quickly conclusion that they are disgust or dirty and lead todiscrimination. They do not analysis before they make decision which is importantin judging (Slovic, Finucane, Peters, & MacGregor, 2007).
Discriminationagainst LGBT people is a type of representative heuristics. People use recentevidence to make decision when judging towards LGBT group (Dumm, Eckles, Nyce,& Volkman-Wise, 2013). They may have heard from some news saying that LGBTpeople are the one has the high percentage having sexually transmitted diseaseor HIV. Therefore, when they meet LGBT people, they will make a quick judgmentand fast decision that those people are dirty and unhealthy which lead thembehave negatively and badly to LGBT group. Confirmationbias also act as a factor in affecting discrimination against LGBT people. Theytend to confirm their own belief by selectively believe in evidence thatconsistent or similar to their belief (Hernandez andPreston, 2013). They are disregard the possibility of hypotheses that may contraryto their belief (Hergovich, Schott, & Burger, 2010). People usually clingto own belief strongly and is take time and energy to change one’s belief (Hernandezand Preston, 2013).
Basically, most of the people have an idea thatheterosexual is only the right sexual orientation in world and there isenormous mistake if someone change the gender that parents give naturally into oppositesex. LGBT group have totally contrary to the social norms belief and basicmorality that belief in majority (Howard, 2001).Therefore, to confirm their own believes, they think that LGBT group areundeserving dignity and revere from society (Howard, 2001).
They do notconsidered evidence fully then do a decision to discrimination against LGBTpeople (Hernandez and Preston, 2013). In the same time, most people also conformto their own culture which defined as the software of people’s mind that manifestedfundamental in ethical and norms (Beckmann, Menkhoff,& Suto, 2007). Culture play an importance effect on influencing howsociety look upon and treat these group of persons. Traditional values inculture had be considered to be a main component in life and was passed on fromgeneration to next generation, that had so strong effect that internalized inone’s belief through life (Gao, Zuo, Wang, Lou, Cheng, , 2012). Some culture is straightly restricted their follower to havesex with same gender or change their biologically sex into another based ontheir confirmation bias. They think this action is not holy. This type ofbelieve cause society strongly disagree and not allowed the appearance of LGBT.Some people in society actually istend to accept the exist of LGBT individual but they are more likely todiscrimination against LGBT group same as other people due to conformity.
Conformity is a term said that one’s behavior or attitude subject to changewhen affected by others in the way of adhere to the social norms (Zhou, Horrey, & Yu, 2009).They conform to their behavior as wanted to maintain their reliability insociety (Pelé et al., 2017).People are conforming to the society or culture to behave like others todiscriminate against LGBT people. According to Zhou and Horrey (2010), individuals thatconform would behave in mien that is identical with others. If a people declarethat he is one of the LGBT person, he will face many discriminations fromsociety. First, if the family is care about their reputation or is tradition,the person will face vigorous oppose from his close relationship and may cause kickedout from the family.
Nevertheless, the person will find difficulty in get toknow new friend or even his old friend will break off relationship with him.Furthermore, he will find difficult to continue his job as all his co-workerwill isolate and repel him as what called workplace discrimination (Badgett,Lau, Sears, & Ho, 2007). Sometimes even worse, the person will force toresign due to his sexual orientation or unemployment (Badgett, Lau, Sears,& Ho, 2007). Why all these bad things happen? It is similar to what theoryhad said at above. The family, friend and colleague discriminate against LGBTdue to prejudice and stereotype, confirmation bias, conformity and sometimeseven group influences which people influence by group in thinking and causeprejudice, stereotype and discrimination against LGBT individuals.
ConclusionInconclusion, there have many reason that caused people discriminate against LGBTcommunity. Society lacking understanding towards LGBT group and even the peoplewho closer to LGBT people like their family member also cannot understand whythey have the different sexual orientation lead LGBT people think the problemis happen on them, start blaming themselves and will have the intent to harmthemselves (Amnesty International, 2017). Most of them have difficulty to be insuredcompare to general population (Pfiedler enterprises, 2015).According to Pfiedler enterprises (2015), they also easily get a postponed ordenied health care from parent, doctor or people surrounding due todiscrimination and the transsexual people are the one who have the bigprobability in getting postponed care.
Zhao, Montoro, Igartua, and Thombs (2010)said that people who classified as LGBT have a higher risk in suicidal behaviorcompared to heterosexual person. LGBT people passed through discrimination inthe way of disturbances, enmity, bullying, physically and verbal violence andthe most harmful is come from having big stress that parents and family memberswho the person should close to them are reject and not willing to face them (Haaset al., 2011).
Beforebehaving negatively to LGBT group, people need to think well and carefully byconsidering their feeling and situation. People has to prepare full informationabout LGBT and understand them in all perspective before we stereotype andprejudice or even discriminate on LGBT community. Stop decide something in ashort time and brief understanding helps minimize the discrimination againstLGBT individuals which cause bad effect.