One experiences of the English society in a

      One of
George Eliot’s most popular and famous works was Adam Bede, a novel that
was her first literary product and was published in 1859. It
is a story about love, religious feelings, innocence, self-deception, and
experiences of the English society in a critical period of time. The novel
mainly talks about the influence of the Methodist Church within the lower
classes of the population. The novel revolves around a love rectangle between
Hetty, Arthur, Adam, and Dinah Morris. It is an example of realism, showing us
how the hero learns to cope with surrounding circumstances and the novel talks
about a woman who admits to the killing of her child under the influence of
religion and social norms. The writer refers to the story and characters from a
realistic viewpoint that shows Eliot’s nostalgia to her past which had social
stability and order, where everyone knew their rights and duties. The
characters’ dialogue, which is repeated within the context of the narrative
structure of the novel, relies on the local dialects and accents spoken in the
central regions of Enclater, which the author heard a long time ago.

    Her second
literary work was a novel called The Mill on the Floss (1860), it is
considered as the most famous novel of George Eliot. The importance of this
novel comes from that it is partially based on Eliot’s own experiences with her
family and her brother Isaac, and being one of the first novels to consider the
problems and lives of middle-class English country people and presenting their
lives in great details.

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     The novel
mainly talks about the survival fight, a battle which takes place between two
siblings; a brother and a sister. Both masculinity and femininity play a
primary role in determining who they are, the story is about the lives of Tom
and Maggie, the writer expresses the tension between the circumstances and
spiritual energies of the individual characters struggling against these
conditions, and the responsibility of the patriarchal society for these
conditions. The author travels into the dimensions of the psychological realism
of females by telling the biography of a girl who, in her narrow traditional
environment, does not find a place for her dreams and has to overcome
traditions and norms in order to prove her worth.

Marner (1861), her third novel, is a notable novel for its strong realism
and its sophisticated dealing with a variety of topics like religion,
industrialization, and community. The novel explores the issue of the role of
religion, the status of the highest class and family, the notion of community,
the redemptive love, and the impact of industrialization. The novel presents a
moral situation in the story of a stingy, cheap man living on the borders of a
town, worshiping and stacking gold, and then being put to a hard test when he
steals some gold. The novel is about his spiritual resurrection and his
cleansing from a sin which is loving money too much. The love he has for dull
objects is changed into a passionate human emotion that resurrects his humanity
and socialism as well as being rewarded eventually when his lost (stolen) gold
is shown and his adopted daughter refuses to return to her biological father.
(Cartwright 1)

    The reason
that the Eliot’s first novels, Adam Bede, The Mill on the  Floss and Silas Marner, will always be
more popular in literature is that she was trying  only to tell a tale; a tale natural, homely
and possible of occurrence. When she became more interested in solving
“problems” of various kinds, there was less relevance between Eliot
and her characters — a getting away from the themes of the Dutch paintings
which appear in early seventeenth Century, the Dutch used religion and everyday
life as common themes in art, Known for their realistic depictions from the
ground level. Her later stories are excellent and contain fine examples of her
powers of characterization, but the reader who had first read her earlier
novels would miss the lovable people and the almost hypnotic charm therein.

     In most Eliot’s work, critics identify two
essential artistic elements; feminism and psychological investigation. From a
feminist point of view, it can be said that Eliot pushes aside Charlotte
Bronte’s simulation usually linked to being opposite to patriarchal
arrangement, while at the same time giving a more complex typology to the
colonnade of characters of “conception”. As for the point of view of
psychological investigation, Eliot’s is considered to be heavily involved in
the process of growing English novel writing and literature. (Cooke 138-293-294)