Now a day’s data storage is gaining more importance in human life. All electronic and digital devices need memory for reducing the power consumption. The concept of “more data in less space” is useful for increasing the system performance and overall system efficiency.
Generally we used semiconductor memory as “SRAM”. SRAM can be abbreviated “Static Random Access Memory”. Many VLSI chip can have SRAM memory because of their large storage capacity and fast accessing time. Where the word static indicates that it does not need to be frequently refreshed but the DRAM need periodically refreshed. DRAM can be abbreviated as “Dynamic Random Access Memory” which is another type of memory. Both the memories can be classified from “Random Access Memory: (RAM). In this paper the power analysis of 6 transistor SRAM is compared with 7 transistor SRAM. As a result the power dissipation of 7 transistors is high when compared with 6 transistors.
The power dissipation of 6T SRAM is about 2.991mW and the power dissipation of 7T SRAM is about 3.183Mw. SRAM are mostly used for mobile applications, because of their ease of use and low leakage of power. In this paper the schematic of 6T SRAM and 7T SRAM are drawn using DSCH software and the layouts are drawn using MICROWIND software.1. INTRODUCTION In recent days, Static Random Access Memory has become the major part in digital world.
Because which occupies the largest portion of SOC (system-on-chip). The device need SRAM memory mainly for device dissipate small amount of power. But the dynamic power dissipation causes issues in digital circuits because the dynamic power depends on supply voltage, switching frequency and output voltage swing.
Dynamic power dissipation can be minimized by reducing the supply voltage. At the same time low supply voltage leads to performance degradation and also decreases the threshold voltage which in turn increases the sub threshold current hence the static power dissipation increases. This paper discuss about the power dissipation of 6 transistors and 7 transistors SRAM. It also includes the functional view of 6T and 7T SRAM cells. 2. 6T STATIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY A conventional 6T SRAM consists 6 transistors which form two cross coupled inverters. This bit cell can be read and write single bit data.
When a bit is stored in memory the 6T SRAM behave like a latch. The cross coupled inverter pattern which causes large area consumption which is a drawback of 6T SRAM when compared to resistive load. Conventional SRAM with 6 transistors is shown in figure 1 and 6T SRAM have three states they are read, write and hold states.2.1. Hold StateWhenwrite operation (WL=0) the accessible transistor M1 and M2 disconnect the cellfrom bit lines.
The leakage current can be drawn from vdd.2.2.
Read State The accessibletransistor M3 and M6 should be ON when pre-charging bit and bit bar line tohigh.2.3 Write state When the WL=0, the value to be written tothe bit and bit bar line. Hence we write a data value is “0”, we take bit valueis “0” and bit bar value is “1”.and the data value is “1”, we take bit valueshould be “1” and the bit bar value is “0”. 3.
7T STATIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY As like 6T SRAM, the 7T SRAM circuit alsoconsists of two CMOS cross coupled to each other. In this circuit weadditionally connect NMOS transistor to write line. And it also have two passNMOS transistor connected to the bit and bit bar line. The access transistor N3and N4 which are correspondingly connected to the write and read line toperform the write and read operation.
Before write operation the 7T SRAM celldepends upon feedback connection. These feedback connection and disconnectioncan be performed by N5 transistor.3.1. Write Operation Thewrite operation can be start by turning off the N5 transistor to this cut offfeedback connection.
When N3 is on and N4 is off the bit line bar carriescomplement of input data. The N5 is turned on and WL is turned off forreconnect the feedback connection to store new data. The bit line bar isdischarged to “0” for storing “1” in the cell. And there is no need todischarge bit line for storing “0” in the cell.
3.2. ReadOperation When performing the read operationboth read and word line are turned to on and also the transistor N5 is kept on. 4.
RESULTS ANDDISCUSSION Here we analysis and discuss aboutthe 6T and 7T SRAM cell during read and write operation. And the schematic viewof SRAM cell is designed and implemented by using DSCH and MICROWINDsoftware.