November unity. Therefore every year, on November 4th,

 November 4th might be considered by some as just another holiday, but the history behind it is filled with passion, love, and loyalty to the country of Russia. Today the people of Russia band together to celebrate their rich past, bright future, and unity. Upon this glorious holiday, one may observe hundreds of multicolored flowers strewn across the monuments of national heroes, Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky. To those that don’t know and may ask what is this wondrous holiday, it is Russia Day of Unity. This day celebrates the time when two national heroes, Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, liberated Moscow from the Polish troops that strangulated their country. This day celebrates the time when those men ended the time which is most commonly known as, the “Time of Troubles”. This day celebrates the Russian society joining together, regardless of status, to save their home, to save each other, and to preserve their way of life.For their grit, valor, vision, and determination in freeing Moscow from Poland’s grasp, the heroes of this holiday, Kuzma Minin, and Dmitry Pozharsky are honored annually. Though they are deceased, their legacies live on in the hearts of Russians. To pay tribute to these paladins, many visit their monument in front of the Saint Basil’s Cathedral and lay flowers upon their stone figures. Instead, most people attend a Church service which usually ends in a procession. These services are a way for the people to seek blessings and protection from Our Lady of Kazan, a highly regarded figure within the Russian Orthodox Church. On this holiday, various religious and political leaders address the country about the importance and the need for unity. Public events such as concerts and exhibitions are held as well. In order for this wide variety of festivities to take place, schools and most businesses are closed for the day. Such celebrations can be observed throughout the country, for festivities have no boundaries. Those who are uneducated on the history behind the celebration are still able to experience the meaning of the holiday, which is unity. Therefore every year, on November 4th, everyone, regardless of status, social class, gender, or age, comes together to honor the meaningful history and show the pride they have for their country.A very long time ago the strife between Russia and Poland began with conflict in the areas of religion, territory, and historical disputes. This morphed into a larger conflict over various generations. The foundation of the struggle all began with the union of the Polish-Lithuanian Kingdom which, at the time, was growing in power. Meanwhile, the Mongolian population was on the decline. This joint kingdom was brought about by the marriage of the Lithuanian ruler Jogila and the Polish queen Jadwiga in 1386. This resulted in a very powerful union between Poland and Lithuania. Before this agreement,  both Lithuania and Poland supported Catholicism. As a result, when they joined together, there was no religious conflict. Together, they conquered land from Ukraine and Western Russia. Before being called Russia, Muscovy was the name of the country because of the Mongols that occupied it.  In response to the expansion mentioned earlier, Muscovy Dukes tried to prevent more expansion from occurring by declaring the Pope and those of Catholic religion heretics. This caused an uproar, for those who lived in Poland – Lithuania were of this religion as well. Also, because Russia’s religion was Russian Orthodox, the Dukes claimed that the only authentic form of Christianity was Russian Orthodox. As a result, a significant rivalry was born between Russian and the Polish-Lithuanian countries. This was an important reason for the unrest. The rivalry mentioned above only ended when Ivan III came to power in  1612 Russia.  Subsequently, a different set of people took over Russia, and this would not be the last time that this would occur. However, Ivan the Great, a Rurik Czar, was the one to vanquish the Mongols and reclaim their beautiful home country, Russia. Ivan the Great, as referred to in his title, was a great leader and improved Russia exponentially. The throne was then passed to Ivan IV, who was also known as Ivan the Terrible. Ivan the Terrible helped the country gain land. However, he also caused a great deal of damage and scarring to the country’s society. For example, during his time of power, he flew into a fit of rage and started beating his pregnant daughter-in-law because her level of modesty was unsatisfactory. Her husband, one of Ivan’s five sons, tried to defend her, but it was to no avail. Ivan’s frenzy of violence not only ended the life of the next heir to the throne but also the successor to the heir. One rampage caused two innocent lives, two heirs of the throne, to end tragically. As a result, Ivan IV chose his weakest son, Feodor I to succeed him.  Thus, the Time of Troubles began in 1598 because of Feodor’s shawty leadership. His reign caused the country of Russia to move into a downward spiral. This time period symbolized the interregnum between the Ruriks and Romanovs. Before a new family could be established and the Time of Troubles could end, the union of Poland and Lithuania had brought about something that all Russians had to come together to stop.After Feodor I died, his brother-in-law, Boris Godunov, took over. His rule was marked by many obstacles. One of which, being an imposter claiming to be the true heir to the throne. This ended up being the death of him because a mob preferred the fake heir over Godunov, so they assassinated him. The fake heir took over and began to rule, but that reign was cut short when the Russian nobles, the Boyars, realized they did not have power over the new Czar. Like his predecessor, he was assassinated as well. Next, Nobleman Vasily Shuisky was given the throne, but similar to Godunov, he also faced a fake heir. This heir collected the support of many such Boyars, and for a while, he was unable to gain the throne. After some time, however, the Boyars aided in creating an opposing government to the current Czar with the fake heir at the head of it all. The fake heir unintentionally provoked the Polish king at the time, Sigismund III, into declaring war on Muscovy. For Shuisky to be defeated, an army was led by Sigismund III into Russia in 1609. This was unsuccessful, but it still affected Shuisky. The Boyars were disgruntled with his performance with this event, and so they disposed of him. He was replaced with Sigismund’s son, Wladyslaw. The next Czar welcomed Polish troops into Muscovy, which was the beginning of the Polish Invasion. Not soon after, he was killed, causing his father, the Polish King, to continue the invasion. This was the last straw for the people of Russia. In order to preserve their culture and lifestyle, the Russians had to rally together and unite to defend their home. Regardless of one’s social class, profession, age, or gender, everyone united under one goal – to take back their country. A small resistance was attempted at first, but it did not have enough power a create a real impact. Then, another resistance was attempted once more but this time under the leadership of Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and merchant Kuzma Minin. Pozharsky led the army while Minin took care of the financial aspect of the resistance. In 1611, Pozharsky and Minin’s teamwork, alongside this monumental revolution was considered a success. The people rallying behind the leadership of these men created the perfect condition for the defeat the Polish Army. The country of Russia was now free from the occupation of Poland – a major milestone in the history of the country. The following year, 1612, resulted in the election of a new Czar, Mikhail Romanov. The new dynasty was secured with the Romanov family. And thus, the Time of Troubles was formally ended with Michael Romanov at the throne. Romanov is known for putting an end to the misery although it was originally started by the two great heroes Minin and Pozharsky.This holiday impacts people all over Russia. It was a day that called for unity among all who cared for their country and where patriotism reigns the highest. The event of the people of Russia joining together to fight for their way of life was declared a holiday because it symbolizes the power of unity and resulted in Russia being free from Polish occupations. The country had not been free from the Time of Troubles until the new Czar, Mikhail Romanov was elected. Incidentally, Romanov was the son of Feodor, the leader of Russia who was ironically the one who was in power when the Time of Troubles began in 1598. Russia’s Day of Unity was created to celebrate the freeing of Moscow from Polish occupation under the direction of Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin. It also commemorates the end of the Time of Troubles. The holiday reminds everyone of the power in a shared goal.In conclusion, every year on November 4th, the glorious holiday of Russia Day of Unity is celebrated throughout the country of Russia. Whenever flowers are seen among the statues of Kuzma Minin and Count Dmitry Pozharsky, one can respect and admire their grit and determination for leading a revolt against the Polish army. Although it may only be known as a day that no school or businesses are in session, one should respect the glorious history behind the great holiday – Russia Day of Unity.