Mohsin Khalid Roll#: 20-1088 Section: L Forman Christian College (A Chartered University) AbstractIn today’s world homeschooling is becoming more relevant than everwith parents being more involved than ever in their child’s education. Keeping this in mind my research looks uponthe advantages of homeschooling and how these advantages are leading it to growrapidly and become major part of our future when compared to public schooling. As most of the people think of homeschoolingas something that’s inferior or something that’s going to hold their childback, this makes it an important topic for research as these perceptions arenot true and hence they need to be changed. For this purpose I have done my research usingvarious methods which range from questioners targeting mainly universitystudents to field research using content which includes articles and booksalready available either in electronic form or published form. In the end, allthe analyzed data would suggest that homeschooling is the way to go and why itwill be part of our future which if read with an open and unbiased mind mightconvince you that you should look forward to homeschooling as something that’sgoing to benefit you or your child in the near future. Keywords: Homeschooling, Future, Public schooling, Field research,University student, Benefit Homeschoolingwill be the trend of TomorrowHomeschooling as the name suggests, is the grooming and educationof a student within one’s home or premises.
In other words when we talk abouthomeschooling, we mean that a child stays at his or her home where he is taughtacademics and various other things ranging from ethics to manners by his or herparents or a tutor. This may be done asan alternative to public schooling or as a compliment to it. However, most of the time when we talk abouthomeschooling we refer it to as something alternative to public schooling. There are varies countrieswhere homeschooling is usually illegal but where its legal includes most ofEurope, North America, Australia, NewZealand, Hong Kong and South Africa. Similarly, it’s most popular in UnitedKingdom, Canada, France and United States and even Pakistan. Although Public schooling isfar more popular than homeschooling but the growing problems faced by publicschooling and the growing awareness of the advantages of homeschooling willmake it far more popular than public schooling and the trend of tomorrow.
In short people have lately started to accepthomeschooling as an alternative to public schooling and some of them have evenstarted to choose it over public schooling which is a positive sign towards itbecoming the trend of tomorrow even in developing countries like Pakistan.Slowly but steadily the number of children being homeschooled isincreasing with it being a popular choice for many. In fact homeschooling can said to be startingto gain momentum with it becoming an easier choice for parents as previouslylack of internet meant that information was not readily available but now asits becoming easier to access information, parents are starting to find it muchmore convenient and safer to homeschool their child with the help ofinformation available on the internet which is helping them to improve theirteaching techniques. Similarly variousorganizations that advocate homeschooling have started to appear throughout theworld. The basic aim of these organizationsis to encourage parents to homeschool their child. To achieve this aim they basically take helpof statistics that favor homeschooling and highlight the advantages of it. These organizations are also working hard tochange the perception of homeschooling as something that is good and far betterfor children.
In the past decade alone,there have been various researches conducted with them concluding homeschoolingas superior alternative to public schooling. That is most of these researchers have foundout that those children who have been homeschooled generally tend to be bettereducated and tend to score better than their counterparts. For example a study conducted in 2015 showedthat homeschooled black children scored 23 to 42 points above than publiclyschooled black students, in academic achievements test (Ray, 2016).
Will homeschooling be the trend of Tomorrow? Literaturereview Homeschooling is on therise, seeing it being adopted by more and more people, various authors have acknowledgedits rise in their articles. In factGaither (2008), Mazama and lundy (2012), Aurini and Davies (2005), all haveacknowledge its growth by various ways. But Mazama and Lundy (2012) have goneone step further by claiming that from 1999 to 2007, homeschooling in UnitedStates has increased by a staggering 74 percent. Similarly, Gaither (2008)terms homeschooling as a “political Movement”, by which he means to show thesignificance of homeschooling and how deeply those in favour of it associatethemselves with it. Further he looks atthe reasons why homeschooling gained popularity and came into existence.
Heclaims that it came into existence because of “anti-cultural sensibilities”, bywhich he means that those who were against conventional thinking chose tohomeschool as to avoid extremist views of others. This claim of Gaither (2008) is also backed byRomanowaski (2006) as he also claimed that homeschooling movement itself wascreated by liberals against the conservatives considering that the publicschooling sector provided very conservative education back in mid-century. The movement ofhomeschooling was further enlightened by suburbs as they weren’t able to sendtheir children to school so it provided a reason and physical space for their womento teach their children (Gaither, 2008). But as for now homeschooling is gaining groundbecause of the fact that many as the population grew, the number of peoplestudying in public schools grew which mean that public schools are no moreteaching cultural values, conventional family system and are not adaptable toparents demand (Gaither, 2008). In factmost people who are choosing homeschooling over public schooling attributepublic schooling as the reason to various problems such as growing divorcerates, abortion and single parent homes (Gaither,2008). Furthermore, Romanwaski (2006)annuls the most misunderstood things about homeschooling as he portraits it assomething that’s totally different than what some people perceive it as. To achieve this feat he first highlights thesocial skills of homeschooled children’s by trying to prove the critics ofhomeschooling wrong.
He says that eventhough a lot people may perceive it as something that keeps a child sociallyisolated, but that’s not the case as parents are much aware of their child’ssocial needs hence they provide their child with adequate activities that helpsthem to socialize. Romanwaski (2006) goes even one step further by claimingthat homeschooled child’s social grooming is comparable or even better thanpublicly schooled children. To back hisclaims he talks about studies conducted by “Ray” and “Taylor”. After debunking socialmisconceptions, Romanwaski (2006) gives an insight of how homeschooled childrenare able to successfully enter colleges and universities that even a largenumber of publicly schooled children dream about, such as Harvard and MIT. According to him they are mostly able toachieve this because of their ability to score better in tests such as SAT andACT which proves that homeschooled children are equally if not better prepared.In fact homeschooled children scored higher in ACT than the United Statesnational average in English (Romanwaski, 2006).
A survey conducted by Gallowayand Sutton in 2000 has also showed that homeschooled children show no sign ofsocial deprivation and in addition showed better leadership skills thanpublicly schooled children (Romanwaski, 2006). Against the trend of directlyacknowledging the rise of homeschooling, Aurini and Davies (2006) firsthighlights the steady growth of private schools then continues with theacknowledgement of growth of all kinds of schooling which also includeshomeschooling. In fact he in a broader perspective says that all sorts ofeducation systems are somewhat growing in terms of recruitments. Further, Aurini and Davies(2006) acknowledged the growing diversity of homeschooling as to cater theneeds of many. Homeschooling which wasonce only catering religious fundamentalist has now grown on to becomesomething that’s catering the needs of many children ranging from those who arein minority to those who want superior education than that provided in publicschools (Aurini and Davies, 2006). On the other hand, racialdiscrimination has also played an important role in helping homeschooling toincrease in folds.
As stated by Mazama and Lundi (2012), almost 10 percent ofhomeschooled children in 1999 were black which highlights the concern of racialdiscrimination done against the black community. In other words “racial protectionism” is whatblack communities are concerned with when they choose to homeschool their childwhich rightly is one of the factors contributing to the growing popularity ofhomeschooling. In fact the same perspective has been endorsed by Mazama andMusumunu (2014) in their book “African American and Homeschooling: motivations,opportunities and challenges”. Accordingto their own research various factors contributed to black Americans choosinghomeschooling but one of the most dominant of the factors can said to beQuality of education and racial discrimination which stood at 23.9 percentwhile former stood at 25 percent (Mazama and Musumunu, 2014). This research cansaid to be a landmark in identifying why homeschooling is being chosen by manyas it provides them with better quality education and most importantly “racialprotectionism”. And perhaps these two reasons on its own are perhaps thedriving factors of homeschooling becoming a trend of tomorrow.
MethodologyFor my research I selected 28 participants, aged 18 to 23, randomlyfrom my university (Forman Christian College) who willingly participated in mystudy (questionnaire). 9 students out ofthe total 28 were female students while the remaining 19 students were malestudents. Although the students wererandomly selected but it should be noted that I knew 90 percent of the studentsbeforehand. Similarly, out of the total students selected, 9 students weredoing their major in business, 6 in computer sciences, 5 in biotechnology, 3 inPhysics, 2 in Mass Communication, and 1 each in Biological sciences, Economics andpolitical sciences. Similarly, For the purposeof this research a questionnaire was constructed to see the response ofaudience to different questions related to homeschooling.
Subsequently, the questionnaire included tenquestions as well as a section which indicated the gender, major, age and lastcollege of the students that were given the questionnaire. As far as the procedure ofthe research is concerned, I requested the majority of people I knew to fillthe questionnaire as well as a few people I didn’t knew to fill thequestionnaire. Before they filled the questionnaire they were given thebackground on what homeschooling is and as far as the questionnaire is theywere told to consider homeschooling as an alternative to public schooling.
FindingsThis part of my research indicates the results that I got from my questionnaire.To refine and discover the broader perspectives of the results I am classifyingthe results of different questions according to the gender and with both thegenders combined. Starting off with the classification according to gender (seeappendix for questions)Males (19) Q1 My Choice : 15 Parent’s Choice:4 Q2 Yes: 3 No: 1 Not Sure: 0 Q3 Home schooled: 2 Publicly Schooled: 17 Q4 Home schooling : 4 Public Schooling:15 Q5 Yes: 7 No: 12 Q6 Yes: 5 No: 10 Not Sure: 4 Q7 Home schooling: 13 Public Schooling: 6 Q8 Yes: 6 No: 13 Q9 Social: 3 Financial: 2 Physiological: 0 Other: 1 Q10 Yes: 1 No: 13 Not sure: 5 ForThe females the table goes like this (see appendix for question)Females (9) Q1 My Choice : 8 Parent’s Choice:1 Q2 Yes:1 No: 0 Not Sure:0 Q3 Home schooled:0 Publicly Schooled: 9 Q4 Home schooling: 2 Public Schooling: 7 Q5 Yes:6 No:3 Q6 Yes: 2 No: 7 Not Sure:0 Q7 Home schooling: 7 Public Schooling: 2 Q8 Yes: 3 No: 6 Q9 Social: 0 Financial: 1 Physiological: 2 Other:0 Q10 Yes: 1 No: 2 Not sure: 6 Howeverwe can also look at the consolidated data to get a further idea of what peoplethink regardless of their gender. Thefollowing table shows the consolidated data of the results.Total Correspondents (28) Q1 My Choice : 23 Parent’s Choice:5 Q2 Yes: 4 No: 1 Not Sure: 0 Q3 Home schooled: 2 Publicly Schooled: 26 Q4 Home schooling: 6 Public Schooling: 22 Q5 Yes:13 No:15 Q6 Yes: 7 No: 17 Not Sure: 4 Q7 Home schooling: 20 Public Schooling: 8 Q8 Yes: 9 No: 19 Q9 Social: 3 Financial: 3 Physiological: 2 Other: 1 Q10 Yes: 2 No: 15 Not sure: 11 Now we will look at the data for a few questions Classifiedaccording to gender. This would help usget an idea of diversity of answers among different gender types.
Starting with the percentage of students who thought that whichtype of schooling is better for a child’s grooming (data is divided accordingto gender). Similarly, when the correspondence were asked to considered whattype of schooling would have they chosen if they were in a financial crises,the answer are as follows (in percentage classified according to gender): When the correspondence were asked that considering they have faceddifficulties in private institutes, do they think they would have faced similarproblems in a homeschooled environment? Theanswer were as follows (In percentage divided according gender): DiscussionsThe results from my questionnaire particularly are a bit differentthan what I expected. Against myexpectation, the female students that I gave the questionnaire, none of themhad been homeschooled before while when we look at the male correspondents, twoparticipants among them were previously homeschooled. Similarly, when we look atthe correspondent’s point of view about which type of schooling is better for achild’s grooming, both for male and female correspondents the percentage ofstudents who thought homeschooling is better was just above twenty percent.However, the thing here to note is that those two students who werehomeschooled during their childhood years selected public schooling as a betteroption for their child but that can be probably because of the fact that manypeople are not properly homeschooled, perhaps if they were properlyhomeschooled their views about homeschooling could have been different as shownby previous researches conducted by many.When asked about if they would have faced financial problems thenwhich type of schooling would have they chosen, a staggering total of twentystudents said that they would have chosen homeschooling which shows thedominance of homeschooling with those who are financially struggling as theythink of it as a more feasible and better valued option.Further a total of nine students said that they have faced somesort of problem while being publicly schooled. The problems they faced ranged from financialto racial and hence many of those who had faced these difficulties chosehomeschooling as a better option for a child’s grooming.
Also another question which was somewhatsimilar to this in which students were asked to consider that they have facedproblems in public schools, so do they think they would have faced similarproblems if they were homeschooled? Almost fifty four percent of the total correspondentsresponded with a “No”. The findings ofthese two questions are particularly in line with my literature review findingswhich shows why homeschooling is gaining its ground and might become trend oftomorrowHowever, there are a few limitations to my research which arebasically concerned with lack of knowledge and information about home schoolingamong my correspondence. Many people whoI gave the questionnaire were not fully aware about homeschooling and itsadvantages which might have led to answers being biased towards publicschooling. ConclusionIn conclusion, the way homeschooling is growing in popularity; it isbound to become the trend of tomorrow. With growing middle class and financialsituations being uncertain while problems faced by children in public schoolsincreasing because of large range of students studying there, people haveslowly but steadily started to accept homeschooling as a superior alternativeto public schooling.Although there is still some uncertainty among people abouthomeschooling and still the majority of people prefer public schooling but aspeople start to face problems in public schools and start to realize theadvantages of homeschooling, they would eventually accept it as part of their lives. References Aurini, J.
, & Davies, S. (2005). Choice without Markets:Homeschooling in the Context of Private Education. British Journal ofSociology of Education, 26(4), 461-474. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/30036084 Gaither, M. (2008).
Why Homeschooling Happened. EducationalHorizons, 86(4), 226-237. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/42923733 Mazama, A., & Musumunu, G. (2015). African Americans andHomeschooling: Motivations, Opportunities and Challenges.
711 Third Avenue,New York, NY 10017: Routledge. Mazama, A., & Lundy, G. (2012). African AmericanHomeschooling as Racial Protectionism. Journal of Black Studies, 43(7),723-748. Retrieved from http://www.
jstor.org/stable/23414694 Ray, B. D. (2016, March).
Research Facts on Homeschooling.Retrieved from https://www.nheri.org/research/research-facts-on-homeschooling.html Romanowski, M. (2006). Revisiting the Common Mythsabout Homeschooling.
The Clearing House, 79(3), 125-129. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/30182126AppendicesAppendicesAppendix Questionnaire Age: Last college: Gender: Major: 1) Currently studying in a private institute is your choice or you parents? a) My choice b) Parents’ choice 2) If it is your parent’s choice, are you satisfied with it ? a) Yes b) No c) Not Sure 3) During your childhood years, were you homeschooled or publicly schooled? A) Homeschooled B) Publicly school 4) What type of schooling do you think is better for a child’s grooming? a) Homeschooling b) Public schooling 5) Do you know anyone in your family or friends who has been homeschooled? a) Yes b) No 6) If given a choice, would have you chosen homeschooling over public schooling? a) Yes b) No c) Not sure 7) If you were in financial crises, would you prefer homeschooling or public schooling? a) homeschooling b) public schooling 8) Have you had any difficulties in private institutes? a) Yes b) No 9) If yes, then what kind of difficulty? a) Social b) Financial c) Physiological d) other 10) Considering you have faced difficulties in public schools, do you think you would have faced similar problems if you were homeschooled? a) Yes b) No c) Not sure