Forman Christian College
(A Chartered University)
In today’s world homeschooling is becoming more relevant than ever
with parents being more involved than ever in their child’s education. Keeping this in mind my research looks upon
the advantages of homeschooling and how these advantages are leading it to grow
rapidly and become major part of our future when compared to public schooling. As most of the people think of homeschooling
as something that’s inferior or something that’s going to hold their child
back, this makes it an important topic for research as these perceptions are
not true and hence they need to be changed. For this purpose I have done my research using
various methods which range from questioners targeting mainly university
students to field research using content which includes articles and books
already available either in electronic form or published form. In the end, all
the analyzed data would suggest that homeschooling is the way to go and why it
will be part of our future which if read with an open and unbiased mind might
convince you that you should look forward to homeschooling as something that’s
going to benefit you or your child in the near future.
Keywords: Homeschooling, Future, Public schooling, Field research,
University student, Benefit
will be the trend of Tomorrow
Homeschooling as the name suggests, is the grooming and education
of a student within one’s home or premises. In other words when we talk about
homeschooling, we mean that a child stays at his or her home where he is taught
academics and various other things ranging from ethics to manners by his or her
parents or a tutor. This may be done as
an alternative to public schooling or as a compliment to it. However, most of the time when we talk about
homeschooling we refer it to as something alternative to public schooling.
There are varies countries
where homeschooling is usually illegal but where its legal includes most of
Europe, North America, Australia, New
Zealand, Hong Kong and South Africa. Similarly, it’s most popular in United
Kingdom, Canada, France and United States and even Pakistan.
Although Public schooling is
far more popular than homeschooling but the growing problems faced by public
schooling and the growing awareness of the advantages of homeschooling will
make it far more popular than public schooling and the trend of tomorrow. In short people have lately started to accept
homeschooling as an alternative to public schooling and some of them have even
started to choose it over public schooling which is a positive sign towards it
becoming the trend of tomorrow even in developing countries like Pakistan.
Slowly but steadily the number of children being homeschooled is
increasing with it being a popular choice for many. In fact homeschooling can said to be starting
to gain momentum with it becoming an easier choice for parents as previously
lack of internet meant that information was not readily available but now as
its becoming easier to access information, parents are starting to find it much
more convenient and safer to homeschool their child with the help of
information available on the internet which is helping them to improve their
organizations that advocate homeschooling have started to appear throughout the
world. The basic aim of these organizations
is to encourage parents to homeschool their child. To achieve this aim they basically take help
of statistics that favor homeschooling and highlight the advantages of it. These organizations are also working hard to
change the perception of homeschooling as something that is good and far better
In the past decade alone,
there have been various researches conducted with them concluding homeschooling
as superior alternative to public schooling. That is most of these researchers have found
out that those children who have been homeschooled generally tend to be better
educated and tend to score better than their counterparts. For example a study conducted in 2015 showed
that homeschooled black children scored 23 to 42 points above than publicly
schooled black students, in academic achievements test (Ray, 2016).
Will homeschooling be the trend of Tomorrow?
Homeschooling is on the
rise, seeing it being adopted by more and more people, various authors have acknowledged
its rise in their articles. In fact
Gaither (2008), Mazama and lundy (2012), Aurini and Davies (2005), all have
acknowledge its growth by various ways. But Mazama and Lundy (2012) have gone
one step further by claiming that from 1999 to 2007, homeschooling in United
States has increased by a staggering 74 percent.
Similarly, Gaither (2008)
terms homeschooling as a “political Movement”, by which he means to show the
significance of homeschooling and how deeply those in favour of it associate
themselves with it. Further he looks at
the reasons why homeschooling gained popularity and came into existence. He
claims that it came into existence because of “anti-cultural sensibilities”, by
which he means that those who were against conventional thinking chose to
homeschool as to avoid extremist views of others. This claim of Gaither (2008) is also backed by
Romanowaski (2006) as he also claimed that homeschooling movement itself was
created by liberals against the conservatives considering that the public
schooling sector provided very conservative education back in mid-century.
The movement of
homeschooling was further enlightened by suburbs as they weren’t able to send
their children to school so it provided a reason and physical space for their women
to teach their children (Gaither, 2008). But as for now homeschooling is gaining ground
because of the fact that many as the population grew, the number of people
studying in public schools grew which mean that public schools are no more
teaching cultural values, conventional family system and are not adaptable to
parents demand (Gaither, 2008). In fact
most people who are choosing homeschooling over public schooling attribute
public schooling as the reason to various problems such as growing divorce
rates, abortion and single parent homes (Gaither,2008).
Furthermore, Romanwaski (2006)
annuls the most misunderstood things about homeschooling as he portraits it as
something that’s totally different than what some people perceive it as. To achieve this feat he first highlights the
social skills of homeschooled children’s by trying to prove the critics of
homeschooling wrong. He says that even
though a lot people may perceive it as something that keeps a child socially
isolated, but that’s not the case as parents are much aware of their child’s
social needs hence they provide their child with adequate activities that helps
them to socialize. Romanwaski (2006) goes even one step further by claiming
that homeschooled child’s social grooming is comparable or even better than
publicly schooled children. To back his
claims he talks about studies conducted by “Ray” and “Taylor”.
After debunking social
misconceptions, Romanwaski (2006) gives an insight of how homeschooled children
are able to successfully enter colleges and universities that even a large
number of publicly schooled children dream about, such as Harvard and MIT. According to him they are mostly able to
achieve this because of their ability to score better in tests such as SAT and
ACT which proves that homeschooled children are equally if not better prepared.
In fact homeschooled children scored higher in ACT than the United States
national average in English (Romanwaski, 2006).
A survey conducted by Galloway
and Sutton in 2000 has also showed that homeschooled children show no sign of
social deprivation and in addition showed better leadership skills than
publicly schooled children (Romanwaski, 2006).
Against the trend of directly
acknowledging the rise of homeschooling, Aurini and Davies (2006) first
highlights the steady growth of private schools then continues with the
acknowledgement of growth of all kinds of schooling which also includes
homeschooling. In fact he in a broader perspective says that all sorts of
education systems are somewhat growing in terms of recruitments.
Further, Aurini and Davies
(2006) acknowledged the growing diversity of homeschooling as to cater the
needs of many. Homeschooling which was
once only catering religious fundamentalist has now grown on to become
something that’s catering the needs of many children ranging from those who are
in minority to those who want superior education than that provided in public
schools (Aurini and Davies, 2006).
On the other hand, racial
discrimination has also played an important role in helping homeschooling to
increase in folds. As stated by Mazama and Lundi (2012), almost 10 percent of
homeschooled children in 1999 were black which highlights the concern of racial
discrimination done against the black community. In other words “racial protectionism” is what
black communities are concerned with when they choose to homeschool their child
which rightly is one of the factors contributing to the growing popularity of
homeschooling. In fact the same perspective has been endorsed by Mazama and
Musumunu (2014) in their book “African American and Homeschooling: motivations,
opportunities and challenges”. According
to their own research various factors contributed to black Americans choosing
homeschooling but one of the most dominant of the factors can said to be
Quality of education and racial discrimination which stood at 23.9 percent
while former stood at 25 percent (Mazama and Musumunu, 2014). This research can
said to be a landmark in identifying why homeschooling is being chosen by many
as it provides them with better quality education and most importantly “racial
protectionism”. And perhaps these two reasons on its own are perhaps the
driving factors of homeschooling becoming a trend of tomorrow.
For my research I selected 28 participants, aged 18 to 23, randomly
from my university (Forman Christian College) who willingly participated in my
study (questionnaire). 9 students out of
the total 28 were female students while the remaining 19 students were male
students. Although the students were
randomly selected but it should be noted that I knew 90 percent of the students
beforehand. Similarly, out of the total students selected, 9 students were
doing their major in business, 6 in computer sciences, 5 in biotechnology, 3 in
Physics, 2 in Mass Communication, and 1 each in Biological sciences, Economics and
Similarly, For the purpose
of this research a questionnaire was constructed to see the response of
audience to different questions related to homeschooling. Subsequently, the questionnaire included ten
questions as well as a section which indicated the gender, major, age and last
college of the students that were given the questionnaire.
As far as the procedure of
the research is concerned, I requested the majority of people I knew to fill
the questionnaire as well as a few people I didn’t knew to fill the
questionnaire. Before they filled the questionnaire they were given the
background on what homeschooling is and as far as the questionnaire is they
were told to consider homeschooling as an alternative to public schooling.
This part of my research indicates the results that I got from my questionnaire.
To refine and discover the broader perspectives of the results I am classifying
the results of different questions according to the gender and with both the
Starting off with the classification according to gender (see
appendix for questions)
My Choice :
Not Sure: 0
schooling : 4
Not Sure: 4
Not sure: 5
The females the table goes like this (see appendix for question)
My Choice : 8
Not sure: 6
we can also look at the consolidated data to get a further idea of what people
think regardless of their gender. The
following table shows the consolidated data of the results.
Total Correspondents (28)
My Choice :
Not Sure: 0
Not Sure: 4
Not sure: 11
Now we will look at the data for a few questions Classified
according to gender. This would help us
get an idea of diversity of answers among different gender types.
Starting with the percentage of students who thought that which
type of schooling is better for a child’s grooming (data is divided according
Similarly, when the correspondence were asked to considered what
type of schooling would have they chosen if they were in a financial crises,
the answer are as follows (in percentage classified according to gender):
When the correspondence were asked that considering they have faced
difficulties in private institutes, do they think they would have faced similar
problems in a homeschooled environment? The
answer were as follows (In percentage divided according gender):
The results from my questionnaire particularly are a bit different
than what I expected. Against my
expectation, the female students that I gave the questionnaire, none of them
had been homeschooled before while when we look at the male correspondents, two
participants among them were previously homeschooled.
Similarly, when we look at
the correspondent’s point of view about which type of schooling is better for a
child’s grooming, both for male and female correspondents the percentage of
students who thought homeschooling is better was just above twenty percent.
However, the thing here to note is that those two students who were
homeschooled during their childhood years selected public schooling as a better
option for their child but that can be probably because of the fact that many
people are not properly homeschooled, perhaps if they were properly
homeschooled their views about homeschooling could have been different as shown
by previous researches conducted by many.
When asked about if they would have faced financial problems then
which type of schooling would have they chosen, a staggering total of twenty
students said that they would have chosen homeschooling which shows the
dominance of homeschooling with those who are financially struggling as they
think of it as a more feasible and better valued option.
Further a total of nine students said that they have faced some
sort of problem while being publicly schooled. The problems they faced ranged from financial
to racial and hence many of those who had faced these difficulties chose
homeschooling as a better option for a child’s grooming. Also another question which was somewhat
similar to this in which students were asked to consider that they have faced
problems in public schools, so do they think they would have faced similar
problems if they were homeschooled? Almost fifty four percent of the total correspondents
responded with a “No”. The findings of
these two questions are particularly in line with my literature review findings
which shows why homeschooling is gaining its ground and might become trend of
However, there are a few limitations to my research which are
basically concerned with lack of knowledge and information about home schooling
among my correspondence. Many people who
I gave the questionnaire were not fully aware about homeschooling and its
advantages which might have led to answers being biased towards public
In conclusion, the way homeschooling is growing in popularity; it is
bound to become the trend of tomorrow. With growing middle class and financial
situations being uncertain while problems faced by children in public schools
increasing because of large range of students studying there, people have
slowly but steadily started to accept homeschooling as a superior alternative
to public schooling.
Although there is still some uncertainty among people about
homeschooling and still the majority of people prefer public schooling but as
people start to face problems in public schools and start to realize the
advantages of homeschooling, they would eventually accept it as part of their lives.
Aurini, J., & Davies, S. (2005). Choice without Markets:
Homeschooling in the Context of Private Education. British Journal of
Sociology of Education, 26(4), 461-474. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/30036084
Gaither, M. (2008). Why Homeschooling Happened. Educational
Horizons, 86(4), 226-237. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/42923733
Mazama, A., & Musumunu, G. (2015). African Americans and
Homeschooling: Motivations, Opportunities and Challenges. 711 Third Avenue,
New York, NY 10017: Routledge.
Mazama, A., & Lundy, G. (2012). African American
Homeschooling as Racial Protectionism. Journal of Black Studies, 43(7),
723-748. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23414694
Ray, B. D. (2016, March). Research Facts on Homeschooling.
Retrieved from https://www.nheri.org/research/research-facts-on-homeschooling.html
Romanowski, M. (2006). Revisiting the Common Myths
about Homeschooling. The Clearing House, 79(3), 125-129. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/30182126Appendices
studying in a private institute is your choice or you parents?
If it is your
parent’s choice, are you satisfied with it ?
childhood years, were you homeschooled or publicly schooled?
B) Publicly school
What type of
schooling do you think is better for a child’s grooming?
Do you know
anyone in your family or friends who has been homeschooled?
If given a
choice, would have you chosen homeschooling over public schooling?
If you were
in financial crises, would you prefer homeschooling or public schooling?
Have you had
any difficulties in private institutes?
If yes, then
what kind of difficulty?
you have faced difficulties in public schools, do you think you would have
faced similar problems if you were homeschooled?