Since the terrible plague of Black Death, may people were growing wealthier and had more money to spend on luxuries and education, as literacy was increasing and there were many more schools in the 16th and 17th centuries, this obviously leading to an a lot more intellectual country, the wealth and education meant they could develop on ideas and properly record findings, and begin to seriously develop on medical science.
As people grew more intelligent and bold in their findings, people began to challenge ideas, such as Copernicus said the earth travelled round the sun, not the sun round the earth. Protestants challenged the pope and the Catholic Church. And of course many ideas that had been recorded in Galen’s time began to be challenged, as three great medical scientists began to appear, William Harvey, Andreas Versailles and Ampoise pere.
Another great help to medical developments was the many wars and battles in the 16th and 17th centuries, meaning doctors could obtain many human bodies to experiment and dwell deeper into the anatomy and workings of the human body. The war was a great asset to Ampoise pere in his finding’s because he discovered that the method of boiling oil poured on open wounds did not work, and was also near unbearable and seriously painful for the patient, instead he used silk threads to tie the ends of blood vessels which proved much more effective and efficient.
By discovering this he saved thousands of soldiers lives and limbs. Amproise pere was the first man, too in detail publish a book in 1575 called the works of surgery which had detailed descriptions and illustrations on the human body, which lead to a massive amount of breakthroughs due too other medical scientists using his book as a guide and properly learning the correct surgery methods.
Andreas Versailles also changed the way operations took place as he also published a book that correctly mapped the human body and properly showed students how the body worked. William Harvey was also a massive asset to medical science; he was the first man to properly challenge some of Galen’s theories and prove he was correct, no one had proved themselves against Galen’s for hundreds of years. He proved that blood did not come from the liver, as was Galen’s theory, but from the heart, and that blood only moved in one direction and in a continuous flow.
William Harvey new about human’s pulses and what they were, so he proved his theory by sticking tubes in an human arm and showing blood could only move in one direction, and the blood moved in rhythm with the pulse. Galen believed that blood came from the liver and went to the place in the body it was needed, then was used up and disappeared, but William proved him wrong and lead to a massive breakthrough in medical science.
All three of these truly amazing scientists published their own books that acted as a guide for all medical students worldwide, and made massive breakthroughs in science. But they would of never been so successful without the aid of some very important traits that were growing in the world. Such as from the late 1400’s printed books meant ideas spread much more rapidly and the whole world could read them, there was no printed books in Galen of Hippocraties time.
Also the brilliantly skilful artists contributed massively to the books and their illustrations of the human body and they found work by encouraging people buy their sculptures and paintings. In the medical renaissance their were also massive improvements in machinery, such as clocks, watches, pumps and other machines which lead to much improved sanitation systems and water systems as the importance of hygiene was beginning to be discovered, also better printers meant more quantity and quality of books.
All of these overlaying factors and brilliant people contributed to the masses of breakthroughs in medical science, as more books were produced more interest was taken into the ancient learning’s of Roman and Greek thinkers, which were among the greatest in the world, which meant we began to mimic and develop our own systems that made the Greeks and Romans so great, as education, wealth, machinery, experiments, medical science and the arts all progressed.