Mahatma Gandhi once quoted, “the state of development of a nation can only be judged by theway their animals are treated”. This quote shows how important it is totake good care of animals as they are also living things, just like us.
Animalcruelty is the acts towards animals which can cause their death or by makingtheir lives unpleasant. This is a very serious matter which is actually happeningall around the world. There are many organizations in Malaysia like Society forthe Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) and Malaysian National AnimalWelfare Foundation (MNAWF) that are working hard to improve and handle thisissue. However, we also need to carry our responsibility in order to decreasethe violence and cruelty towards animals. Animal cruelty is a broad subjectwhich covers the type of animal cruelty, examples of animal cruelty and waysthat should be taken to stop animal cruelty. Thereare two types of animal cruelty which are active cruelty and passive cruelty.Active cruelty is also considered as intentional abuse and it happens when theabuser tends to abuse the animals physically.
For example, killing, shooting,beating, strangling the innocent animals for their own selfish needs. In activeabuse, there is significant focus on the animals where the abuser aims to causediscomfort and suffering to the animals, and feels good from his or her action(Ascione, 2008, p.225). Passive cruelty is a type of cruelty where it does notinvolve physical abuse but the owners neglect their animals by not giving themsufficient foods and drinks which may lead to starvation and dehydration, poorshelter during unpleasant weather, and lack of veterinary care. Animal neglect is attributed to lack of concern to animals’ suffering andfailure to act where the animals conditions are completely disregard and theabuser does not care about the suffering that may occur (Ascione, 2008, p.
225). Next, there are many examples of animal cruelty. Theexamples can be classified into three categories such as for entertainmentindustry, clothing and experimentation. In the entertainment industry, animalcircus is very common. The training method can be very extreme and brutal. Thisis because, the trainers use dangerous and painful tools to train the animalssuch as muzzles, electric pods, whips and many more. The animals are alsochained and locked in cages.
Besides that, animals’ fur are also used forclothing. The process of getting the animals’ fur are very inhumane as thereare certain animals that are skinned alive. The animals were beaten to death,slaughtered, electrocuted, poisoned and suffocated all for the sake of moneyand fashion industry. For instance, due to the uniqueness and valuableness ofKarakul’s lamb fur, which is known as “astrakhan,””broadtail,” or “Persian wool”, that starts to untwine and straighten in less thanthree days of birth, many Karakul lambs are slaughtered while they are stillnewborn or in their mother’s womb (AnimalsUsed for Clothing, n.d).
Other than that, animal cruelty isalso shown during experimentation on animals such as animal testing forcosmetic products. Most of the animal testing process takes place because thecosmetic company wants to evaluate the safety of the products ingredients. The examples of animal testsinvolve forcing rats and mice to breathe in poisonous gases, force-feeding dogswith pesticides,and rubbing corroding chemicals into rabbits’ skins and eyes(Suckow and Stewart, 2017, p.22).Apart from that, there are several ways that we can do tostop animal cruelty. One of the ways is by reporting the act of animal cruelty.
If you witness animal cruelty, quickly report it to the local animal control sothat they can take further action. Make sure you provide as much information aspossible to assist the investigating officer. Animal neglect may need aneducational visit from animal control officer while animal abuse may requirethe relocation of animal from the home (Rosenthal, 2012). Besides that, public education is also vitalin order to educate the public about animal cruelty. Public seminar, campaigns,conference, and expedition can be held to raise awareness about animal cruelty.For example, you can invite speakers to share their experience dealing withanimal cruelty or by giving a talk on how to become a responsible pet owner.
Through educational programme and public awareness about animal welfare, we cantry to intervene in this matter before violence begin. Furthermore, enforcingthe law is also one of the ways to stop animal cruelty. Recently, our countryhas officially implemented Animal WelfareAct 2015 (Act 772) on 1st June 2017. The new law has much stricterpenalties for a range of offences after animal protectionists have pressed forstronger animal welfare laws.
According to Ministerof Agriculture and Agro-based Industry, Ahmad Shabery Cheek, those who are found guilty of abusing the animalswill be fined a minimum of RM20,000 and court action (New Straits Times, 2017).By enforcing the law, it will give a lesson to animal abuserso that they will not repeat the same mistake again and also as a warning tothe society about this issue. Therefore, it is our responsibility to stopanimal cruelty by reporting it to the authority, giving public education andenforcing the law. In conclusion, we should know the types and examples ofanimal cruelty and also ways to stop animal cruelty from becoming far morewidespread.
The two types of animal cruelty are passive and active cruelty, andit come in many forms such as for entertainment, clothing and for experimentaltesting. As a responsible citizen, it is very important for us to be alertabout the animal cruelty that is happening around us and we should take seriousactions whenever we see animal cruelty by reporting it to the animal control, raisingawareness by organizing public education and by enforcing the existing law.There are many more people who are not aware of animal cruelty and therefore itis our responsibility to instil the awareness of animal welfare to the publicin order to create a better future for all living beings.