Kesav BhaktaSchantzEnglish 10, Block 414 December 2017 Neurodevelopment in Poverty Based Children Living below the poverty line can affect a student’s education in many ways, especially their nutrition. If one is born into poverty , a child may not have nutritious foods which can lead to iron deficiency and micronutrient deficiency, which also relates to the quantity and quality of food. The child might be mentally put down which also have negative effects on the brain. If a child were to be born into poverty and were not to have a steady diet it may result in unfulfilled neurodevelopment because of how the moments to when they are born to 5 years are critical in a child’s neurodevelopment. Even though a child’s brain continues to develop for many years, from the moment of birth, those points in time are major factors for strong neurodevelopment and a strong physical skeletal and muscular system. “Food insecurity or inconsistent access and availability to a diverse, safe, and nutritional adequate diet for an active lifestyle, is a primary cause of nutritional deprivation.” (Chandy 3). A lack of steady diet may lead to unhealthy growth such as being under or overweight and an altered metabolism throughout adulthood and may cause mental and physical problems such as joint pain, calcium deficiency, short attention span, and may even lose out on job opportunities and advancements in today’s society. One other contributing factor to an inconsistent neurodevelopment is iron deficiency, which is also the most common nutrient deficiency and that also has a strong connection between two. Iron deficiency can affect a child’s long term and short term memory and cognitive functions because “The role of iron is to deliver oxygen to all of the body’s tissue.” (Chandy 5) Micronutrient deficiency is a deficiency in necessary vitamins in which one’s body will need to grow. Most of these common sources are from animal based foods. Macronutrients are nutrients that include carbohydrates, energy and fat. Food with a low macronutrients content can lead to a change in the immune system and can lead to long term diseases such as diabetes and different types of heart diseases. Due to the lack of the quality and quantity of food the neurodevelopment may not reach full potential and can affect a child’s vision, hearing ability, a delay in language development, poor emotional state, learning ability, and many more issues. “Possible mechanisms include inflammation, oxidative stress, decreased motor performance associated with a degraded musculoskeletal system, and alterations in brain structure” (Chandy 5). These all have long term effects and all of them deteriorate the body quicker than an individual with a healthy diet, these effects also interfere with the cardiovascular system. Some school age children in food insecure households are at risk for academic and behavioral problems. “Biological insults can also disrupt brain development and from having reduced expectations from parents and peers are also contributing factors.”(Chandy 6) These problems affect cognitive brain function, and can also affect the child with stress which affect attention span, memory, reasoning, and many more. Overall children from a poverty based origin are at risk of undernutrition and may not be able to reach there full potential. Iron deficiency, the quality and quantity of food, and biological insults all put a strain on a student’s neurodevelopment.