IntroductionThis is where understanding and knowing aboutmulticulturalism comes in handy. Multiculturalism, as the term advocates, it isa system that indicates co-existence and collaboration of multiple diversecultures in a society. Individuals with culturally different behaviors,customs, norms, religious practices, etc.
live and cooperate with each otherand facilitate mutual respect. Multiculturalism demonstrates an attitude andpolicy of accommodating diverse cultural groups regardless of their characteristicdifferences. How do thesecharacteristics work out in an “actual” practice in terms of school structure?This is all based on what someone may perceive what diversity andmulticulturalism is, and also what makes a school multicultural. Being able to understanddiversity and multiculturalism in a society where it isn’t recognized, is an inevitabilitythat needs to be established for students to have an open-mind in todays’world. These are values when encompassed and executed by all- AfricanAmericans, Anglo Saxons, Hispanics, Asians, male, female, gay, lesbian,straight and transgender; established and non-established educationalsocieties- this would cause a successfully established generation that couldchange the world. Culturally diverse understanding and admiration forintegration are not an option in today’s education, program development, orcross-curriculum design. Developing understanding and aptitude for givingknowledge based on these values and characteristics, indicates a differencebetween success and failure in preparing students for the real world.
There is a hugeimpact on diversity, and that’s one of the biggest topics talked about inschool systems and sports. What is diversity? When it comes to diversity, thereare two magnitudes, primary and secondary. The primary aspect is the biologicaland visible, such as age, sex, ethnicity, social class, disabilities, and etc.The secondary aspect is sociocultural and visible, such as education, language,occupation, values, styles of learning, and etc. These two types of magnitudesthat people bring to an institute, it could be conflicting, but if learned howto collaborate, it could work perfectly in harmony. This expresses the idealthat people working together is greater than people working individually.
Socio Economic StatusWhen it comes to people that you surround yourselfwith, there are two aspects we look at: biological and sociological. While ourexistence is based and maintained by food and reproduction, the order in whichwe maintain our existence is based on education. It is through education thathe promotes his intelligence and adds his knowledge with which he can move theworld for good and for evil according to his wishes.
Education in fact, is oneof the major “life processes” of the human beings “just as there are certainindispensable vital processes of life in a biological sense. So education maybe considered a vital process in a social science.Socioeconomicstatus encompasses not just income but also educational attainment, financialsecurity, and subjective perceptions of social status and social class.
Socioeconomic status can encompass quality of life attributes as well as theopportunities and privileges afforded to people within society. Socioeconomicstatus is one of those terms typically learned in a seventh grade socialstudies or civics class and then used in college term papers to subtly suggesta deep understanding of how society works, or perhaps how it should work. Whileit is understandable that few go beyond a cursory understanding of theconstruct, among social scientists the term is serious business because itconnotes one’s position in the social hierarchy, how the hierarchy isstructured, and very often one’s consequent life chances. In other words,socioeconomic status indicates one’s access to collectively desired resources,be they material goods, money, power, friendship networks, healthcare, leisuretime, or educational opportunities.
And it is access to such resources thatenable individuals and/or groups to prosper in the social world.Social hierarchy, or stratification, appears to be intuitivelyrecognized by most everyone everywhere. During social interactions variousindicators are typically displayed or revealed in order to convey one’s SES toother members of the social group.
Common indicators include professionaltitles, clothing, hairstyles, automobiles, residential addresses and so forth.SES affects overall human functioning, including our physical and mentalhealth. Low SES and its correlates, such as lower educational achievement,poverty, and poor health, ultimately affect our society.
Research indicates that children from low-SES households andcommunities develop academic skills slower than children from higher SESgroups. For instance, low SES in childhood is related to poor cognitivedevelopment, language, memory, socioemotional processing, and consequently poorincome and health in adulthood. The school systems in low-SES communities areoften under resourced, negatively affecting students’ academic progress andoutcomes. Inadequate education and increased dropout rates affect children’sacademic achievement, perpetuating the low-SES status of the community.Improving school systems and early intervention programs may help to reducesome of these risk factors; therefore, increased research on the correlationbetween SES and education is essential.
Economyaffects QualityA student’seducational outcome and academic success is greatly influenced by the type ofschool that they attend. School factors include school structure, schoolcomposition, and school climate. The school one attends is the institutionalenvironment that sets the parameters of a students’ learning experience.Depending on the environment a school can either open or close the doors thatlead to academic achievement.
It issuggested that schools whether they are public or private, and class size aretwo important structural components of schools. Private schools tend to haveboth better funding and smaller class sizes than public schools. The additionalfunding of private schools leads to better academic performance and more accessto resources such as computers, which have been shown to enhance academicachievement. Smaller class sizes create more intimate settings and therefore canincrease teacher-student bonding which has also been shown to have a positiveaffect on student success. The relative social class of a student body alsoaffects academic achievement. Students from low socioeconomic backgrounds whoattend poorly funded schools do not perform as well as students from highersocial classes. School composition or the general makeup of a school is anotherimportant factor regarding academic achievement.
The racial make-up of aschools’ student body has been shown to influence test scores and students’attachment to their school. Student test scores and school attachment increasewhen students’ own race matches the most common race of their schools’ studentbody. This is especially true for minority students. But, there is still aconsiderable amount of evidence linking the race of teachers to studentperformance. Teacher diversity affects non-minority and minority studentsdifferently. For non-minority students, teacher diversity can hinder or have noeffect on their academic performance. However, a larger amount of minorityteachers has been shown to positively affect the test scores and schoolattachment of minority students.
The skill level of teachers is anotherindicator of student performance. Students who attend schools with a highnumber of fully credentialed teachers perform better.Schoolclimate is closely related to the interpersonal relations between students andteachers. Trust between students and teachers increases if a school encouragesteamwork.
Research shows that students who trust their teachers are moremotivated and as a result perform better in school. School policies andprograms often dictate school climate. Therefore, minority students benefitmore from school policies if the administrators and teachers, who help createthe policies, are representative of minorities. Students can focus more clearlywhen a school is able to create an environment where students feel safe. If aschool is able to accomplish a feeling of safety students can have success despitetheir family or neighborhood backgrounds. BudgetCutsPE hasdramatically changed over the years and may still vary across the country.
Goingto PE could be a really awkward time in everyone’s life from changing in thelocker room too having to run in front of everyone. Before PE consisted of climbingropes and playing doge ball to now, only doing sixteen minutes of physicalactivity out of a forty-five minute class time. There are pros and cons thatmay change our mind of the importance of Physical Education programs. The pro’s thathave resulted from Physical Education programs can in hopes better the over allhealth of the United States starting from early age if properly executed.
” The PE classes help students burn calories,exercise muscles, reduce stress levels and improve their physcholofical andphysical health” (Benifits of P.E. in schools ). Physical educationprograms have hopes of giving their students encouragement of living healthierlives. . “bifhgt hub states that peoplewho exercise regularly during childhood and adolescence are more likely toexercise during adulthood” (Benifits of P.E.
in schools ). Having a good structured Physical Educationprogram may help young students have better teamwork skills, self discipline,responsibility and setting goals which may in the future help with potentialjobs (Benifits of P.E. in schools ). Allowing studentsto be able to pick the kind of physical activity rather than being forced maybe more effectivitve in ways that which allow the student to actually like exercising.
It also gives students an incentive thatif they do well in school their reward would be to be able to play on theschool teams. ” Physical educations programs can also help improve selfconfidence” (Benifits of P.E. in schools ) and can also be usedas an outlet for stress reduction. “Improvedphysical health, academics and social interactions all contribute to a goodmental health” (Benifits of P.E.
in schools ) which in returnimproves the students over all physical health. Having a strongpursuit in a sport, which is resulted from physical education programs, mayresult in the student putting their academic work aside and focusing more onthe sport (Non-Competitive Play Leads to More Physical Activity in Children). Some coaches maynot be physically fit which may be setting a bad example for theirstudents. In most cases students may seePE as torment for those that aren’t as athletic as other students, and thosethat were athletic got the more attention from the coaches (Non-Competitive Play Leads to More Physical Activity in Children). Physicalactivity is an important aspect of healthy lifestyle. In order for children tomaintain a healthy lifestyle they must have a good foundation in physicalactivity. The best way for them to get this foundation is to have goodeducators teaching those activities they like and are likely to repeat in thefuture.
students should learn to be active early in their lives because it willhelp them build a foundation for a lifetime of health, fitness and a morestable academic success. Physicaleducation and activity provides long-term health benefits for everyone! Bybeing active, you will burn calories that you store from eating throughout theday and—it can be as easy as walking the dog or as rigorous as running amarathon. Providing opportunities for children to be active early on puts themon a path to better physical and mental health. It’s never too late tojumpstart a healthy lifestyle. Physical activity, along with proper nutrition,is beneficial to people of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities. And it isimportant that everyone gets active: over the last 20 years, there’s been asignificant increase in obesity in the United States. Sharon White states, “Today,as many as one-quarter of our children are obese. This number has doubled inthe last decade alone.
Conditions, which are generally associated with obesityand inactivity, range from diabetes and cardiovascular disease, to attentiondeficit disorder. Of children aged 5 to 10, 61% have one or more cardiovasculardisease risk factors”. This in fact tells you that this generation coming up isconsumed with technology rather than being healthy and physically fit. There are fourmain goals of modern physical education- to improve physical fitness, to shapepositive attitudes towards physical activity, to give children the skills theyneed to enjoy different physical activities and to help them understand theimportance of being healthy. Apart from maintaining physical fitness, itincludes training in the development and care of the human body. It helps aperson sharpen overall cognitive abilities and motor skills through athletics,exercise and various other physical activities. Being physically active meansstrengthening one’s cognitive processes and sharpening one’s skills as aresult.
Exercising is a great way to keep the body in shape, and help it fendoff illness while keeping kids at a healthy weight if they’re considerably fit.Exercising doesn’t mean pushing the body to do strenuous workout routines, butalso in physical activities such as dancing, volleyball, golf, cheerleading andmuch more. Other factorsaffecting students’ choices of physical activity may be their level ofhealth-related physical fitness, body type, geographical location, andsocio-economic group or circle of peers. To help students achieveself-realization through physical activity, the physical education program canguide student choices and help them become self-directed in the selection of activitiesthat are satisfying. Physical education can serve as a vehicle for helpingstudents to develop the knowledge, attitudes, motor skills, behavioral skills,and confidence needed to adopt and maintain physically active lifestyles. Theoutcomes of a quality physical education program include the development ofstudents’ physical competence, health-related fitness, self-esteem, and overallenjoyment of physical activity.
Today’s qualityphysical education programs respect and enhance the physical, cognitive, andsocial-emotional development of a child. Only through physical education canstudents learn the correct and basic skills for throwing, skipping, catching,and kicking to name a few; It is only through physical education that studentscan gain the knowledge for developing and monitoring their own fitness levels. Asa future physical educator, it is the educators’ job to help these studentslearn the correct mechanics and skills needed for their development physicallyand socially. It is the educators job to teach the students in a multiculturalperspective, that there are no differences among each other but also showingthat each individual can be grow in a society outside of their own. tudentAchievement Outside factors can affect what goes on inside aclassroom. And every student comes to his or her education with an individualset of circumstances: family structure, living situation and socioeconomicstatus can be assets or disadvantages to performance. Socioeconomic status(SES) is defined by the American Psychological Association (APA) as the “socialstanding or class of an individual or group,” which is “often measured as a combinationof education, income and occupation.” His or her family status can have asignificant impact on a learner’s capacity to achieve in a formal schoolsetting.
Families of a higher SES have the income and the timeto supplement their child’s schooling with educational camps and retreats;private lessons in art, music or performance; test preparation; and targetedtutoring. All of these extracurricular tools can lead to higher test scores andbetter grades. On the other hand, students of a lower SES are not only largelywithout access to these additive programs, they’re also at a disadvantage atschool. Schools that serve mostly low-income students are often understaffed,experiencing high teacher turnover and unable to hire the same caliber ofeducator as their more well-funded counterparts. For example, I went to a highschool where most of our classes were in portables, we had at least 3 brokenchairs per classroom, we had outdoor basketball courts that didn’t have a rim,or backboard, 2 tennis courts for 4 teams, bathrooms that had more writing inthem than a classroom, and outdated books because our funding wasn’t enough toget the newer ones. I compare my experience to a high school here in El Pasolike Franklin High School where they have the newest books, at least 6 tennis courts, remodeled outdoorand indoor gym facility/equipment, clean bathrooms, and everything is wellmaintained. The physical environment of school buildings and school grounds isa key factor in the overall health and safety of students, staff, and visitors.School buildings and grounds must be designed and maintained to be free ofhealth and safety hazards, and to promote learning.