In contrast, the reaction of Aceh government towards good civilisation is minimum than what Aceh can do.
Eventhough Aceh owns the power of creating new self-government, it can be stated that Acehnesse people still rely on the policies that produced by Indonesia government although the local government has the power too. The strategy of utilising the power of Wali Naggroe and Aceh government wisely is effective strategy to build good economy, political and cultural situation in Aceh after long period of war against unfair policies of Indonesia government and heal the scar of Acehnesse people after the conflict. Additionally, Acehnesse people need to be sure that the implementation of MOU Helsinki between GAM (Aceh Freedom Movement) and Indonesia government is applying in the right path and giving better outcomes to Acehnesse people to face globalization influences. 3.2. Implementing Islamic Syariah The implementation of islamic rules in Aceh gets several challenges from some human rights organisations across the globe. The organisations critise the rules of Islam and state that they do not really understand about human rights protection in Aceh. They way that they perceive the issue is very different from Islamic path of life which much more rely on the belief of religion values (Al-Attas, 1978).
However, their statement and critics are not relevant to the perspective of moslim that protecting other people rights, especially the people who do not commit to any rules breaking is more important. By punishing the ones committing to Islamic crimes, it spontaneously gives moral values to other moslim of how the good civilisation of Islam is and what must and must not to do as a moslim. In addition, Islamic rules implementation in Aceh do not break any human right protection that Al-qur’an and hadist has strongly taught. So, Aceh government must fully implement islamic rules to fullfil the requirement of islamic region and create islamic atmosphere in every sector of life in Aceh to protect the rights of acehnesse people to develop and get self-improvement in rapid movement of globalisation. Realising the points of MOU HelsinkiThere are many points that government need to implement based on the special condition and policies of Acehnese government to build good foundation of politic movement in MOU Helsinki. Aceh people have great power to create new local party as a political device. This special condition can be a great energy for Aceh government to escape from influences of Indonesia government and international people to control Aceh in political sector. Acehnese people can be the candidate of governor to be choosen if joining political local parties.
Moreover, it can be fair if the people that want to be candidate get support from public through independent mecanism.Another significant point that must be implemented in Aceh is the power of making economic, political and educational engagement nationally and internationally. Because this era is when the moral quality is low, many crimes painful violence and this time when the characteristic of moeslim is weak and defeated (Hassan, 2003). Actually, It can be great energy for Aceh to try to be self-independent government which is not rely on the policies and support from Indonesia government. Aceh government is able to mantaining economic development, restructuring educational system based on needs in today’s globalization, realising the stable government which empower moslim and implement all islamic rules in Aceh as an essential requirement of all Acehnese people if consistently apply the special power of government. Educational StrategiesEducation system is a foundation of every nation, Included Aceh.
In the golden age of moslim, many moslim scholar explored and gave contribution to the development of knowledge and science but none of western people did (Abbas, 2011). However, today is the time for western to take over the position of moslim at that era.The issue of education development is one of concern of Aceh government in the era of Irwandi Yusuf and Nova Iriansyah. Educational quality in Aceh bis still critised by stakeholders and public because that many teachers do not pass the national teacher competence test. However, it is shame that tecahers who teach knowledge can not acquire good education and teaching skills which affect to development of educational quality in Aceh.
Beside the issues of uncompetent teachers who can not be professional, unsufficient educational building, facilities and electricity supply in Aceh do not support the effective teaching-learning process at school. However, that are basic requirement of the successful learning and effective study, because it help teachers teaching at the classroom and students learning something beneficial study for their bright future. In short, to deal with these huge problems, government need to consider teachers performance and students learning acquisition. The way to consider these are to give education to candidate of teachers and provide good learning tool and requirement to students.Educational strategies that can improve the quality of teachers and facilities requirement in education are:4.1.
Improving teachers’ qualityLow quality of teachers gives bad impact to educational development (Shor, 1987). Therefore, to solve this problem, the faculty of education at universities of Aceh have to apply certain mecanism in the process of recruitment of students, Such as providing high level of test procedures to produce new competent teacher candidates. Essentialy, Teachers will deliver and explain not anly about the subject, but also the world issues (Walsh, 1999).That process is significant to determine the basic quality of students’ intelligence, emotion and passion in the field of interest. Moreover, Aceh regional educational affairs must be involved in department of education assessment to fit student abilities to today’s demand.In the other hand, teachers who are professional and competent in the field find it is difficult to deal with low-achieving students. Consequently, teachers will be forced to get used to the ability and student’s motivation in learning when they are teaching at the classroom.
4.2. Providing Sufficient FacilitiesInsufficient facilities contribute to an uniffective learning and teaching process.. The facilities that should Aceh government provide such as good reading books and technology devices that support students at school to enrich themselves with unlimited sources of knowledge. For example, by using digital library , learners and researchers can access free books and international reports (Kellner, 2000).
In contrast, the data shown that most of schools in Aceh still struggling to fullfil learning requirement and keep continuing teaching and learning process at those schools. But, it seems that Aceh government can not utilise the special autonomy incomes to be allocated in educational sector in Aceh. 4.
3. Choosing Professional Leaders of EducationSchool head masters are the leaders that help schools to improve the achievement. Therefore, choosing the right leaders is quite important work to be done by government. Government must consider academic intelligences of headmasters and the skill of leadership.
These are really crucial for the bright future of education in Aceh. If government not choosing the professional one,educational affairs must be in crisis situation. Because, the one who responsible to control, supervise and manage school structures and improvement can not communicate today’s educational issues and solve academic problems in Aceh. Government must take part as a provider of education to candidates to continue their study in the next degree and check every detail of requirement of being professional leaders.