In based on Quantum Information Processing was published

In 1980, idea of
Quantum Computing was projected by a Russian mathematician Yuri Manin.


1984, IBM scientists Charles Bennett and Gilles Brassard gave the first quantum
cryptography protocol which was named as BB84.


1996, a list of criteria that are obligatory for developing a quantum computer projected
by the physicist David P.
DiVincenzo in
his paper “The Physical Implementation of Quantum Computation” was
published. It was called as the DiVincenzo’s criteria.


2009, the first solid-state quantum processor was created by a group of
researchers at Yale University. The chip was a two-qubit superconducting chip. It
had simulated atom qubits which consisted of a large number of atoms of aluminum.
These atoms acted like a single atom which was able to occupy two states.


the University of Bristol a group of researchers created a silicon chip. The chip was
based on quantum optics. The chip ran on the Shor’s algorithm. A journal based
on Quantum Information Processing was published by Springer.


February 2010, the Symmetric Functions ordered from various quantum gates were
used to develop combinational circuits like adder, subtractor etc.


April 2011, Australian and Japanese scientists made advancement in the field of
They were successful in transferring a compound set of quantum data.
The intergrity of transmission was completely maintained, i.e. the
superpositions of the qubits were not affected at all.


September 2011, a proof was established that Von Neumann architecture could be
used to make quantum computers. The separation of RAM could be used for the


In May 2013, Quantum Artificial
Intelligence Lab was launched by Google and hosted by NASA’s Ames Research


2014, silicon was used as a protecting shell around qubits by the researchers
at University of New South Wales. This made the chips more precise and
increased the length of time they hold the information. Also this made quantum
computers easier to build.


October 2015, a quantum logic gate in silicon was built by researchers at University
of New South Wales.


August 2016, the first quantum computer that could be reprogrammed was built by
a group of researchers at the University of Maryland.


December 2017, a preview version of a “Quantum Development Kit” was
released by Microsoft. Q# is a programming dialect which can be utilized to
compose programs that are run on a quantum computer.