In again was socially unacceptable. For many who

          In this article it speaks on how biracial
individuals more specifically half black and half white adolescents go through
racial switching, this process of identifying and de-identification is often
dictated by the opportunities and advantages in there society. Which I found to
be true because identity development is difficult for almost all adolescents
and more difficult for biracial children specifically, biracial individuals
face additional problems with identity when they are forced to identify with
one racial group while rejecting others, in order to make their lives ‘less
complicated’ they would pick the group in their racial makeup that in their
society is more socially acceptable. So, in the article individuals would more
likely being half black and half white pass themselves as the majority in their
community or society at the time of adolescents but then identify as biracial
or switch and identify as the other race they are mixed with as they get older
or as they move to a more diverse, acceptable community.


the article the writer says, “Many
biracial individuals would identify as monoracial to the accepting race and
biracial individuals with at least
one black ancestor reported significantly more perceived discrimination than
any other minority monoracial group” which is entirely true, because less than 100 years ago in
the United States it was socially unacceptable for legal and classification
purposes to be involved in an interracial marriage then the offspring in those
relationships would face discrimination from society. Then they enforced the
‘one drop rule’ which stated that if a person had ‘one drop’ of African
American they were solely to identify as such, the word ‘biracial’ wasn’t a
common term and was a taboo subject, not until 1968 that in the US it was
unconstitutional for interracial marriages could be legal and in Canada wasn’t
illegal in the eyes of the law but again was socially unacceptable. For many
who do decide to identify as monoracial has grounds to justify their actions as
in conservative communities are subjected to discrimination by others. I feel
as if the author didn’t go in depth about the issues also pertaining to racial
switching and failed to inform on how there are issues that also go along with
it. Biracial individuals being that they are not made up of one race they may
feel a sense of loneliness and unacceptance can come from feeling they don’t
belong in either cultures or race before identifying as monoracial or picking
an identity. Then after they have a sense of identity whether that be as they
choose to identify as monoracial or biracial they may also feel as if they
don’t live up to expectations of the race they identify with can cause
disappointment or distress, they may feel that they are in more of an identity
crisis than they were before and being exposed to two or more distinct cultures
and having to balance them when they can conflict and contradict each other in the family setting may confuse them which
again, causes a deeper sense of confusion of one’s self. They can often switch
between both of their races trying to find a sense of either balance between
both or steady ground in one race which leads to the main argument of how
biracial individuals do race switch due to the pressure internally and
externally in society.


            What I thought was an issue is that I felt the author
didn’t elaborate on was the fact that some pressures came with intentional or
unintentional assumptions; physiognomy ‘a
person’s facial features or expression, especially when regarded as indicative
of character or ethnic origin’ was a factor in which individuals were
already influenced to lean more to a certain race in where they are mixed with. Black-White biracial individuals are often compelled by society
to self-identify as black if they do have more Afrocentric features than those
who have more Eurocentric features, and those individuals with a lighter skin complexion
are often given more leeway in terms of self-identification as they can choose
whichever race they feel like most. identified some characteristics that made
people less likely or more likely to race switch. Characteristics of those who
were less likely to switch included individuals from higher socioeconomic
status, those whose mothers had higher education, and individuals with higher
self-esteem. Furthermore, they found that an individual’s skin color and the
racial make-up of one’s neighborhood influenced the stagnancy and fluidity of
one’s racial self-identification. Hitlin, Brown & Elder (2006) This study
shows how internal family dynamic and the societal components influenced how
biracial individuals viewed themselves.