Health in rural areas faced a lot of

Health
issues in the Urban and Rural area of Pakistan:

Abstract:

The topic
is about the health issues in the urban
and rural area of Pakistan. Access to good health facilities in rural and urban area of Pakistan is the basic right of every citizen and it’s
the responsibility of government to provide basic health facilities to all the
citizens and ensure that same health facility is present in both rural and
urban areas of Pakistan but unfortunately the Government of Pakistan has
unsuccessful to provide and fulfill its obligation to health sectors. Healthcare system of rural area is lag behind in quality, affordability, and accessibility for numerous
reasons. The distances are typically larger in rural areas as compared to the urban
areas in the form of communication difficulties, transportation times for
patients, medicines, and doctors.
In
rural area numbers of hospitals are
very less as compared to the urban
areas. Lower and middle-class people didn’t afford the medical expenses in the
majority of the hospitals, and most hospitals in rural areas do not have
advanced equipment and machinery.  So
it’s the responsibility of Pakistani government to provide enough resources of the
healthcare system for the middle-class society.

Introduction:

Health is a positive idea that highlighted the
social and personal useful things as well as physical abilities. To provide the good health facilities is the responsibility of a state and is the fundamental right and basic need of all
the people. However, the health condition of
citizens in rural areas is worst as compared to the urban areas of Pakistan. Poverty and lack of facilities of health services
are among most important causes of
high rates of unnecessary demises and injuries in rural areas. There are usually cultural differences between rural
and urban communities. People in
rural areas faced a lot of problems to access to good healthcare system because
of lack of resources over there and the number of hospitals is less in rural areas
and hospitals in rural areas lack advanced surgical equipment and machinery. Generally,
health is given a very low priority
which ordinarily converts into the view that hospitals and medical truly are
the last center. Health services in rural areas are
requiring sufficient members of
doctors and other health care’s that provider’s necessary healthcare ability. So, it’s the state responsibility to ensure
good healthcare system in rural as well as in urban areas of Pakistan.

Literature review:

In
this journal “Health
seeking behavior and health service utilization in Pakistan: challenging the
policy makers” Shaikh & Hatcher
(2004) talked about the complexity of health services utilization in the
context of developing countries. In
this context, there are very few concentrated
approaches in Pakistan which focus on the health services utilization that
how health services are utilized in Pakistan. The author talked about the
situation of health in developing
countries and relates the similar elements responsible for shaping up of a health-seeking conduct and
health service utilization in Pakistan. The elements determining the health
behaviors may be observed in social
economic, physical and political culture in various contexts. Therefore,
the utilization of a health care system, public
or private, formal or informal, depending on socio-demographic elements, social composition, education level,
cultural values, application, gender discrimination, social level of women,
economic civic systems, environmental conditions, disease pattern and health
care system itself. Policy makers
are required to realize the facts to lead health seeking conducts of the people
in a progressive majority of health care system. There is need to have
collaboration efforts for planning behavioral health promotion achieving through
sectorial collaboration.

 

In an article “Access to Primary Health Care among Persons
with Disabilities in Rural Areas” Lishner,
D. M., Levine, P., & Patrick, D. (1996)
stated that disable persons
formal and correct healthcare data in rural areas are rarely available People
in rural areas faced  lot of hurdles to
approach to primary health care. In
rural areas, the number of hospitals is less than urban areas and mostly
hospitals which are available there they are far away so during emergency situation people have to face the
problems to reach the hospitals.  In the
presences of these difficulties, the lack
of healthcare is further enhanced. 
This article is about the primary health care among people with disabilities living in rural areas. In
rural areas of Pakistan children and adolescents, working-age adults, the
elderly are affected because of lack of healthcare and they are suffered from
various diseases. Disable persons in rural areas they faced a lot of problems
in access to health care because there are fewer hospitals over there and they
don’t get special treatment in these hospitals. Lot of problems to access
appropriate health care has been reported or registered. These reports
indicated the failure of local health
care systems in rural areas which does not properly address the complicated
medical and related needs of individuals with disabilities. Due to the nonexistence of specialized expertise,
facilities, and untrained primary health care providers for disabled persons;
the local programs depend on the use of domestic paraprofessionals and
alternative models of care.  There is
need to identify and test the efficiency of innovative service delivery strategies to improve health care.