Gangson the Rise IntroductionThereare roughly 1.4 million gangs in the United States. With the increase in gangsone can speculate the rise in gang violence as well. James Howell of theNational Gang Center stated in the past five years we have noticed an eightpercent increase in the number of gangs thus resulting in an increase of twentythree percent of gang-related homicides and other violence. ((CITE))) Althoughoverall violence in the United States has declined those numbers have notimpacted gang violence. W.
I. Thomas and Florian Znanicki ((CITE)) brought forththe concept of Social Disorganization. Social Disorganization states due to thelack of community and sense of belongingness along with different moral ideas, communitymembers, specifically immigrated children, seek approval in an attempt to adaptto a new culture and rely on crime as the platform to bring them closer toother members of the community and share a commonality. Social disorganization providesgang members a nesting ground to build and flourish. BodyGangshave formed in larger geographical areas over a hundred years ago. Howell((CITE)) mentions immigrated Europeans came to big cities and “plagued” themwith gangs. Immigrants came to the United States in hopes of fitting in with amelting pot of different cultures and attempting to become adaptable members ofsociety however social disorganization easily disrupts communities with theinflux of people moving into and out of the community causing members to not “knowthy neighbor”. Weakened community bonds welcome gangs such as the Bloods andMS-13 as mentioned by Howell.
Washington DC is now home to 650,000 people((CITE)) that offers gangsters a wide range of “prospects” to choose from. Largegangs come into already overpopulated cities and flood them with taintedversions of brotherhood. The larger gangs then break down into smaller gangsthroughout the cities leaving no square inch left unclaimed.
Membersof gangs use violence as a way to instill fear into societal members. Gangstersimplant their disrupted values on weakened society members thus gangs remain incontrol and are allowed to fulfill their illegal activities as desired. Gang lifestylebecomes intriguing to second generation immigrants as it brings to them a senseof family and exposes those in poverty to “luxurious” aspects of being in agang. Anotheraspect of social disorganization is known as the “Concentric Zone Theory” the theoryuses five zones that are within a two mile radius to examine the differences asyou move from inward to the city to the outward of the city.
Ernest Burgessstudied these zones and labeled them one through five. Zone number onerepresented an area where the most of the transportation for the city came fromsuch as trains and highways. Zone two was an area that was livable conditionshowever as the vast amount of people come through zone two and moved on, theyleft landlords unwilling to make changes or refurbish resulting in affordable homesand drawing low income families to this zone. Zone three was home to “second orthird generation immigrants”. Zone four was considered to be the suburbs andlastly zone five was the residence to the wealthy whom withdrew from industrializedareas and other pollutants. Burgessquickly learned that zone two had higher levels of crime being committed in it.
Due to social disorganization, zone two was most likely to experience a host ofcrimes as a result of lack of community regardless of the different cultures orraces that lived there.