Flow provides positive learning outcomes. It also discovered

Flow Theory of MotivationFlow is the mental state in which individuals are very motivated and focused. The main concept of this theory is that when learning in a state of flow people are very concentrated and forget about everything else like their surroundings, sense of time etc. (Csikszentmihalyi 1990). Being in this state person forgets about hunger, fatigue or discomfort   in order to progress with the task without any interruptions (Nakamura & Csikszentmihalyi, 2002). There are two requirements to reach state of flow. Firstly the person has to be skillful for the task and secondly the task itself has to be challenging. Otherwise, if the task is too challenging and the person is not skillful enough it would lead to anxiety or if the one have the skills needed but the task is not challenging it would lead to boredom (Nakamura & Csikszentmihalyi, 2002). It is still not completely clear how to motivate students to reach state of flow in online learning environments, nevertheless there are some empirical studies already which shows significant findings about connection between flow and learning. (Choi, Kim, & Kim, 2007) conducted a study within web-based virtual learning system and found that flow provides positive learning outcomes. It also discovered correlation between flow experience, learning outcomes and attitudes towards e-learning. Learning outcomes were not only very positive, but mental state of flow was mainly created using right design solutions in the virtual learning system.The results of this research are supported by analysis of flow in an online learning environment (Pearce, Ainley, & Howard, 2005). This analysis found that flow state was reached most of the time by students which usually achieve high results. 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