Ethiopia the wake of the September 11th terrorist

Ethiopia is a country that is located in the eastern part of Africa. It is surrounded by Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia. The population is 105,350,020. The capital and biggest city in Ethiopia is Addis Ababa. The official language in Ethiopia is Amharic, but many Ethiopians speak English, Italian, French, and Arabic. Some of Ethiopia’s allies are Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Kenya, Zambia, Somalia, and Sudan. Ethiopia’s agricultural products are coffee, beans, oilseeds, cereals, potatoes, sugarcane, and vegetables. Ethiopia also has small reserves of gold, potash, platinum, copper, and natural gas. About 20 percent of the land area is under farming. Ethiopian people follow Abrahamic religions, which includes Christianity and Islam. Ethiopia is a member of the United Nations (UN). The UN is an international organization that was formed in 1945 to maintain international peace and security and develop friendly relations among nations. To implement this vision, there are six main bodies. 193 countries are members of the UN and Ethiopia is one of them.The Security Council is the second main body of the UN. It is responsible for maintaining international peace and security. The Security Council responds to emergency situations around the world by carefully observing the situation before deciding how to respond. All responses are decided on a case-by-case basis. It always tries to resolve an issue with negotiation at first. If the situation is still not solved then the Security Council dispatches a mission or the Security Council  can resort to allowing or even authorizing to use force.  to restore international peace and security. The Security Council also determines when and where a UN peacekeeping operation should be deployed. The security council has five permanent members  (Russia, France, China, United Kingdom, and the United States). The five permanent members have (veto) power if all five permanent members disagree on a solution that solution does not pass. The Security Council also has non-permanent members (Bolivia, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial, Guinea, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Sweden) that are elected for two-year terms they do not have (veto) power. The Security Council has several subsidiary bodies one of their subsidiary bodies is the United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC)  . The CTC works to help the Member States prevent terrorist acts both within the border and across regions. It was established in the wake of the September 11th terrorist attack in the United States. Terrorism is the use of violence to change a political situation to one’s advantage. The word comes from the Latin word terrere and it means to frighten.This is what terrorists are trying to do. They are trying to frighten people using violent means. Terrorist attacks are unexpected and affect the civilians by destroying property, lives etc.All terrorist attacks occur in countries that have gross human right violations.  There are 5 root causes to terrorism. Unemployment, poverty, conflict, state violence, radicalization. In some countries rebel groups are active, unemployment is high and there is no notable change in the socio economic status. Terrorist attacks add to the problems of the people living there. Like most continents, Africa is also suffering in the hands of the terrorists.  People in Africa are asking why terrorism is becoming the main mode of conflict in Africa.  Since January 2017, about a dozen African countries have suffered terrorist attacks and thousands of civilians have been killed. In the beginning of the year, about 30 people died because of terrorist attacks.  This shows attackers came into the country with the intent of killing. The terrorists come into the country without any network or base in the country. And with no clear strategic local goals came and focussed on distinct tourists attractions. without either the government or the military knowing. Terrorism started upsetting the international community so the League of Nations started to create a convention. This was going to punish people involved in terrorism. They had 15 conventions about counter-terrorism. These conventions cover hostages, financing, hijacking planes and other situations. the un created the Global counter-terrorism strategy in 2006 to help stop terrorism. There are four things it focuses on. Stopping the root causes of terrorism actions to stop terrorism strengthening countries so they can stop terrorism protecting human rights and the rule of law. Over 30,000 people from 100 countries have left to pursue terrorist actions. Many are young people. People are taught it is okay to be violent. Jobs and work give people a future.Ethiopian government is trying its very best to stop the spread of terrorism and to prevent terrorist attacks. Proclamation No. 652/2009 introduced on August 28th, 2009  states that kidnapping and threatening to kill or injure a citizen in order to compel the government is an offence punishable by law.This proclamation  gives the government sweeping powers to imprison the offender  20 years or even offer  life imprisonment if you try to advance, advertise, or support terrorist acts under the government. Proclamation 652/2009  also states that the government has the  power to torture  until the state of emergency or they get the death penalty if any person is caught in a terrorist act.Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism law that was introduced in 2009. On February 2, 2012, a group of independent UN human right expert’s spoke out against continuing anti-terrorism law to curb freedom of expression in Ethiopia. Last year, three journalists and two opposition politicians were given prison sentences ranging from 14 years of life imprisonment under Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism laws. Ben Emmerson the special reporter on counter-terrorism and human rights, said that “the anti-terrorism provisions should not be abused  and need  to be clearly defined in Ethiopia criminal law to ensure that they do not go counter to internationally guaranteed human rights.”The UN has made a group to stop terrorism called Five Eyes. There are five countries (Canada, UK, Australia, New Zealand and the U.S.) they share information by monitoring cell phones and watching the internet to catch any terrorist acts.The UN also made suggestions on how to stop terrorism one of their suggestions is the Security Council wants to freeze the terrorist bank accounts.Another suggestion is the UN also wants states to stop the transfer of money across borders. In conclusion here are some suggestions from the delegation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. By blocking the borders with the military, terrorists won’t be able to get by. Countries that have a weak military should train into a stronger military.The delegation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia strongly requests more security at the airports.