Disabled literary characters usually remain on the margins of fiction as uncomplicated figures or exotic aliens whose bodily configurations operate glasses, triggering response from other characters. The disparity between disabled as an attributed, decontextualizing identity and the perceptions and experiences of real people living with disabilities suggests that this figure of otherness emerges from, interpreting, conferring, and positioning meaning upon bodies (Bricout & Bentley, 2000). The rhetorical effect of representing disability derives from social relations between people who assume the normate position and those who are assigned the disabled position.
Whether one lives with a disability or meets someone who has one, the real experience of disability is more multifaceted and more energetic than depiction usually suggests. For example the expertise which people with disability have to learn is managing social encountes. The initial interaction between normal and disabled people vary markedly from the usual relations between readers and disabled people. In the first encounter with other individuals, a tremendous amount of information must be organized and interpreted simultaneously, each member probe the explicit for the implicit, and then decide what is significant for particular purposes, and prepares a reply that is guided by many cues, both delicate and evident. If someone has disability, however,it almost always dominates and skews the normate’s process of sorting out perceptions and forming a reaction. The interaction is usually stressed because the nondisabled person may feel dread, disgust, or might be surprised, all of which according to social protocol is difficult to express them. In addition the disconfirming dissonance amid experienced and expressed reaction, a person with disability often does not know how to act toward a disabled person: how or whether to offer help; whether to accept the disability; what expressions, gestures to use or avoid. Possibly most destructive to the potential for continuing relations is the normate’s recurrent postulation that a disability cancels out other qualities, reducing the complex person to a single attribute. This uncertainity and dissension make the encounter especially stressful for the nondisabled person who is unacquainted to disabled people. The disabled person may be anxious about whether the encounter will be uncomportable for either of them to maintain and may feel the ever-present danger of denial. People with disability must learn to manage relationships from the beginning (Williams & O’Reilly, 1998). In other words, disabled people must use ardor, charm, or humor to relieve people without disability of their discomfort (Schartz, Hendricks, & Blanck, 2006).
Definition of physical disability
A physical disability is the long-term impairment or loss of part of body’s physical function. It can entail difficulties with sitting and standing, bladder control, sight, speech, hearing, walking and mobility, muscle control, sleeping, fits and seizures. A physical disability may be genetic. It can also come about through something that happened before or during birth or later in life through an illness or injury. A physical disability may be apparent, such as loss of a limb, or less obvious, for instance, epilepsy.
According to the International Labor Organization estimates as of July 2017 there are roughly 650 million people worldwide who are classified as disabled. Most of the countries around the world are working to give these individuals a better opportunity at finding and retaining jobs. However, there are some advantages and disadvantages about the disabled population, which often keep them out of job even if they are qualified workers. They are as follows: