Climate fact that that we are building on

Climate change is the change in the global climate patterns
which has recently been attributed by the increased levels of atmospheric
carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels. It is mainly referred to as
anthropogenic climate change as people are the main producer of this changing
climate. There is a substantial group of people that vehemently believe that
the increase in weather related natural disasters is induced by the Earth’s
changing climate.  On the other hand,
some people suspect  that we are the main
cause of the increase in natural disasters because of have exposed  and underprepared we are towards them and also
the fact that that we are building on land that has a high risk of being
destroyed by a natural disaster. It is human’s carelessness that is making
these disasters worse.

It is argued
that climate change is the defining factor in the increased occurrence of natural
disasters and most creditable organisations agree with this point. “Climate change played a role in 14 of
28 storms, droughts, and other 2014 extreme weather events investigated by
global scientists”(National Geographic). “Recent global industrialisation
has resulted in average worldwide temperatures increasing by 0.8 degrees
Celsius in the last century” (Board of atmospheric sciences and climate).
Increasing global temperatures will have a detrimental effect on the Earth as
it will have many consequences that will be extensive and hard-hitting. This is
due to the fact climate change will cause increased risk of droughts, in 2014; “climate
change worsened a drought in Eastern Africa and in the Levant region of
southern Syria.”(National Geographic).There will be greater intensity of storms,
especially in the region bounded by the tropics, specifically storms like
hurricanes or cyclones with elevated wind speeds resulting in a more damaging
effect on us. According to NASA, “changes in climate will also affect extreme
temperatures meaning a greater probability of record hot weather attributing to
the increased likelihood of weather-related natural disasters.” Also in 2014,
climate change caused the heat waves in Australia substantially more probable
and life-threatening and in South America, human-induced climate change made “Argentina’s
heat wave five times more likely.”(National Geographic) A warming climate means
that a larger amount of water vapour will vaporise into the aerosphere and is
the main component in storm formation. “If we are creating an atmosphere more
loaded with humidity, any storm that does develop has greater potential to
develop into an intense storm,” says Tselioudis. “Warming that has already
occurred since 1980 has increased sea surface temperatures 0.3 degrees Celsius,
which should increase the maximum potential wind speed of hurricanes by at
least 1 knot” (NASA, according to hurricane intensity models). Sea temperatures
at the region where Harvey intensified and enlarged were “0.5-1C warmer than
current-day average temperatures, which means 3-5% more moisture in the
atmosphere.”(vox.com). There
are alternative environmental differences that could make the storms more fatal.
Melting glaciers and ice caps result in additional sea level rise which will
become more substantial over the next decade, which makes coastal flooding more
severe when a storm comes ashore. In their 2001 report, the IPCC stated that “sea
levels will rise 0.11 to 0.77 meters by 2100.” This creates a greater amount of
moisture in the air so severe downpours across the world are becoming more
foreseeable. For example, “in Houston they have become 167 percent more
frequent in the past decade” (according to vox.com). It’s not just hurricanes
and floods that climate change is having an impact on, it’s exacerbating
wildfires too. In California, the exceptionally high temperatures caused years
of drought which is left behind a vast amount of dry vegetation. But, last year
intense rainfall occurred leading to the growth very combustible plants. Then
what followed this year was a prolonged period of extraordinary heat, which was
California’s hottest summer ever recorded, reaching temperatures of 106 degrees
Fahrenheit in downtown San Francisco. The hotter temperatures caused the atmosphere
to warm up, the air expands and can hold more moisture. This pulls more
moisture out of plants, creating drier conditions earlier in the season. The
extremely hot temperatures and the strong northerly winds led to the
devastating wildfires that ripped through the state. 

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