CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND STUDIES This

 CHAPTER2REVIEWOF LITERATURE AND STUDIESThis chapter will show the literatureand studies from foreign and local authors that are used by the researchers forfurther understanding of the subject matter of this research.

Effects on academic performance of schoollocation            Theobjective of this study is to find out which distance affected the student’sacademic performance in Makambako Town council’s secondary schools. Mhiliwa(2015), the researcher, conducted his research in five community secondaryschools in Makambako TC. The data used in his research was gathered involved 2educational officers, 12 teachers and 200 students (consists of 80 boys and 120girls) with the use of semi-structured interview guide, questionnaires anddocumentary review, through random purposive sampling technique.

The data is determinedby using inductive analysis procedures. Then find out that the longer thedistance students travel in going to school, resulted in arriving to schoolslate and with empty stomachs. Mhiliwa claimed that location of school has leadto mass failure to most students and some have caused dropout thus fail toattain their educational goals.Relationshipof school distance and academic achievement            This study aimed to investigate the relationship betweenacademic achievement and school distance of primary school pupils. Thepopulation was comprised by all the primary schools in the said location. Astructured questionnaire served as the instrument and was established using thetest re-test method to ensure its reliability. Using the Pearson Product MomentCorrelation (PPMC), the researchers analyzed the data gathered.

The findings ofthe study revealed that there is a positive, but very low positive, relationshipbetween the academic achievement of primary school pupils in Ovia North-EastLocal Government Area and school distance. There is no significant relationshipexplained between the two variables.Longjourneys to school undermine Education            “Negative impact of taking long journeys to school have affectsa student’s health and on their education achievement levels” claimed one ofthe conclusions of a recent study on absenteeism by the scientific institute ofthe German health Care insurance company AOK. According to VBE (Verband Bildungand Erziehung) federal and national President Udo Beckmann, neither educationauthorities nor national governments examined the impact of long travel hours onthe student’s health and learning abilities in going to or from schools. Heclaimed that travelling for up to three hours per day tires a child’s body morethan in adults.

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            Healso stated other consequential factors that affects a student physically andpsychologically like carrying a schoolbag longer, getting up earlier to go toschool and doing assignments later as well as reduction of free time necessaryfor a balanced life. Because of these reasons, students may suffer the outcomeslike exhaustion and headaches.  Adultsthat are part of a working environment have dealt and experienced such symptomsand are mentally stronger than children, which are much more subject to stressand exhaustion.