ASSIGNMENTOF SOCIOLOGY SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: NOOR UL HUDA Question:Howsociology differs from other science and why do you think sociology is ascience?Sociology:Theterm Sociology is defined as a “methodical study of the actions of individuals,their values, & communication”. It analyzes the association that ispresent among individual and their societies. Onthe other hand,Science:”Aword science means “to know”. It is an accumulated body of knowledge of physicalworld through observations” Howsociology differs from other science?Scienceis divided into two parts such as natural science and social science. Natural scienceis the study of physical or organic realities, while Social science concerns withthe human conduct and their social groups.Differentsocial sciences deal with the various traits of the human’s social life, so itis necessary to identify the differences that exists between Sociology and History,Economics, Political Science, Anthropology, and Psychology.
Sociology& Natural Sciences: Sociology Natural sciences Sociology study the action or conduct of a person dwell in the society. While natural sciences study the physical world. It concern with the prediction and explanation of natural phenomenon. Sociology& Anthropology: Sociology Anthropology Sociology deals with advanced and complicated social groups While on the other hand anthropology concern with uncultured societies Sociology focus on examining qualitative and quantitative records. It focuses on analyzing qualitative facts. Sociology considered small as well as larger society While anthropology studies only small society Sociology& History: Sociology History Sociology is a logical science History is an explanatory science Sociology is attentive toward studying the present-day events with all their complications While history examine the historical actions of human beings It has broader scope It has limited scope Sociology& Political science: Sociology Political science Sociology is the science of society.
While on the other hand political science is the study of government. It examines both sensible & unconscious actions of individuals Political science study only the conscious actions of social groups Sociology has boarder scope It has narrower field Sociology& Economics: Sociology Economics Sociology pays attention to all types of social affiliations While Economics concentrated on the creation and distribution of society’s goods and services. It is theoretical in nature because its variables are very hard to compute. It is concrete in nature because its variables are very simple to quantify It is a universal social science It is an exceptional science Sociology study the impact of industrialization in the society On the other hand, economics studies the economic factors of productivity, labor and industry Sociology& psychology: Sociology Psychology Sociology is the study of various cultures, values and societies While psychology study human thought and behavior in society.it examines the mental processes that occur within that person It focuses on questionnaire techniques It deals with experimental approaches Whydo you think sociology is a science?Likeother sciences anthropology, political science, history, economics andpsychology, sociology is a social science. Sociology is considered a science asmuch as chemistry, physics, and biology, as it uses robust method likebiological and other natural sciences. There are many different point of viewsarise when we come at the query “why do you think Sociology is a Science?”.
There are two distinct philosophies on thismatter such as positivists and interpretivism. Positivist believe thatsociology is a science while interpretivism proposed that sociology can’t be ascience. Whenwe assume that sociology is a science, we mean that researcher uses thescientific approaches to attempt to comprehend the several characteristics ofsociety that sociologists consider.Todaythere are large number of sociologists that are reluctant to tag sociology ascience because they proposed that the conduct of individuals and groups can beaccurately quantified by using quantitative methods.
Quantitative techniquefocused on numerical analysis of data and it figure How much, How often, Whatis relationship and difference between different variable? In this method datais collected through surveys, interview, questionnaires etc. Where qualitativetechnique only explores the experiences, culture and particular issues of people.It concerns with what, how.
There are numerous resemblances to the approaches ofresearch used by scientists. Durkheima positivist believed that in sociology there was a need for quantitative dataand thorough scrutiny in order to gain a factual understanding of society.Quantitative research in Sociology adapts conventional scientific practices andrelate them to social research; this is clear in research techniques such asstructured questionnaires surveys.”Accordingto Durkheim sociologist perceive things, in the similar mentality as thephysiologist, chemist and physicist, when they make investigation into a stilluncover region of the scientific field”. From this finding Durkheim drew the assumptionthat behavior can be quantitatively observed and computed, like the natural researcherobserves and quantify the domain.Sociologisttry to generalize the results regarding trends exist among various dimensionsof social life, so it is not possible to yield generalizations by onlyconsidering the qualitative aspect of social life.Forexample:Researcherexamined quantitively the rate of men and women who commit suicide. From thesurveys, it is proved that Men are more likely to commit suicide than women.
Bythis statement it does not mean that every man commits suicide and no womencommits suicide.it only mean that women have lower suicide rate.So,by using both qualitative as well quantitative techniques it is made possiblefor sociologist to generalize the result which is not possible by only usingqualitative approach.Conclusion:Sociologyis the study of behavior of societies, it is quite different from othersciences (psychology, history, anthropology, political science and economics).The question (why do you think sociology is a science?) is still debatable. There are two school ofthought on this point. positivist believe that sociology is a science, but theinterpretivists say that sociology can’t be a science. Many sociologists believethat Sociology is a science because adopting a same scientific technique tostudy the human behavior of world, which other sciences apply.
The quantitativeas well as qualitative approach of gives true picture of fact.