Apart from many eye catching moderns designs there are still traditional art form that is adorable, untouched and so pure. History of Madhubani painting will amaze youMadhubani Lok Art belongs to Madhubani in Bihar. Madhuban means ‘the forest of honey’ and this place is famous for Radha Krishna’s sweet leelas.
Krishna’s leelas have been depicted in the folk art of Madhubani too. This art is old in the village with lush green ponds surrounded by raw huts in the mangrove and bananas, and spread across the entire Mithila area around Madhuban.Madhubani painting is a folk painting of Mithila, which is made in the area of ??Mithila in Nepal and Bihar. Mithilanchal culture is shown in this painting. Madhubani painting is also called Madhubani Art and Mithila painting. The name of this painting is Madhubani painting. Madhubani is a district in Bihar. It is said that this city was also at the time of Ramayana.
Its name was is on the forest of Madhu. Ram and Sita saw each other for the first time in this forest. Another interesting fact is that the painting you see on the cover of SBI’s debit card is actually Madhubani painting.How the era of this beautiful art started? The beginning of Madhubani painting was from the Ramayana era. Janaka’s daughter Sita was married to Ram. Ram’s father was the king of Ayodhya, hence the procession for marriage was coming to Mithila from Ayodhya .
The parent thought that they only have a single child as Sita. Marriage should be such that people remember. Then he ordered the public of Mithila that all people should paint their walls and courtyards, which are a glimpse of their culture. From this, the people coming from Ayodhya will get to know about the great culture of Mithila.Madhubani painting is the main folk painting of the districts of Mithilanchal, especially in Darbhanga, Madhubani, Sitamarhi of Bihar and Janakpur in Nepal, Siroha and Dhanusha. Initially, these paintings were made on the courtyard of the house and on the walls like Rangoli.
Then gradually it came down to the clothes, walls and paper. Men also adopted these folk paintings of Mithila women. Initially these paintings were seen on clay lipid huts, but now they are made on canvas of clothes or paper. In these paintings, there are paintings related to goddesses, people’s common life and nature. Here you can see views of the sun, moon, waterfall, tulsi and wedding.How madhubani paintings are madeMadhubani paintings are of two types.
A wall-painting that is made on the walls of the house and the other Arifan, which is made in the courtyard of the house. These paintings are made from matchsticks with a pinnacle and a bamboo pen. Great colors are used, like dark red, green, blue and black. For bright colors,flowers of different colours are brewed. Then they are mixed with acacia trees glue and milk.Paintings also have some light colors, like yellow, pink and lemon colors. The special thing is that these colors are also made in the house with things like turmeric, banana leaves and cow dung.
Peepal tree bark is used for red color. Generally, these paintings are made at the house in the house of worship, Koh-e-Ghar (after marriage), and on any celebration on the wall of the house. However, now seeing artist’s demand in the international market, artists have started using artificial paints and have started making them on the latest canvas.Different style in making of Madhubani paintingBharni, kachani, tantrik, godna, and kohbar, these are the five styles of Madhubani paintings.
There are religious methods of Bharni, Kachani and Tantrik painting style, which was started by Brahmin and Kayastha women of Madhubani. In 1960, a sad (a dalit community) women started to make these paintings in new style. Her paintings show a glimpse of King Sahlesh. The people of the miserable community consider Raja Sahlesh as their deity. However, today Madhubani paintings are famous all over the world and have climbed above all the parameters and have above the cast, religion and area. Artists are now experimenting with according to the trend of international markets, whose new styles are coming out.When Madhubani painting got recognized? Madhubani Paintings are being made in Mithilanchal for thousands of years, but before 1934, it was only a folk art of the villages. In 1934, a severe earthquake struck Mithilanchal, thereby causing huge losses there.
When British officer of Madhubani, William Archer went to inspect the damage done by earthquake, he saw these paintings, which were new and unique to him.He said, “Paintings on broken walls of houses that have fallen from an earthquake were like paintings of modern artists like Miro and Picasso.” Then he got to see the black and white photos of these paintings, which are considered the oldest pictures of Madhubani paintings so far. In 1949, he wrote an article entitled ‘Marg’, in which he mentioned about the specialty of Madhubani painting. After this the whole world realised the beauty of Madhubani painting.In 1977, the ‘Master Craftsman Association of Mithila’ was established in Jitwarpur of Madhubani with the financial support of Moser and Raymond Lee Owens (Fulbright Scholars of that time). After this, Jitwarpur became the hub of Madhubani painting. This has helped the local Madhubani painting artists very much.
This art started getting the right price. The Ford Foundation also has a long association with Madhubani painting. Now, many international organizations have made way for Madhubani paintings to reach in the international market. Awards and artists Madhubani paintings got an official recognition in 1969,when the Bihar government had honored Sita Devi for Madhubani painting.
Jagadamba Devi was honored with Padma Shri for Madhubani painting in 1975. Sita Devi was also honored with Padma Shri in 1984. Later, Sita was honored with ‘Bihar Ratna’ and ‘Crafts Guru’ award for Madhubani painting. In 2011, Mahasundari Devi was also awarded the Padma Shri for Madhubani painting. And last year, on the occasion of Republic Day, the announcement has been made to honor the Baua Devi, Padma Shri. Apart from these, many women were honored for Madhubani paintings.
In year 2016 when PM Modi was on a tour of Germany, during a meeting with the mayor Steven Shostock, he gifted the Madhubani painting made by Baua Devi to the showstock.