AP US History 1) In Documents A, B, and C some problems in their colonial government was that all colonies wanted to unite and become one government but one colony always tried to control all of it. Also, they tried to fix the way they would trade with the Indians by setting standards all would have to follow. When they were untied for a moment in time though, they had set laws that if one colony needed assistance, the other colonies must bring a certain number of soldiers to assist them or aid them. 2) Some evidence in Documents A, B, and C does show some sign of a tradition of representative government.
For example, in Document B, William Penn talks about how the several colonies would meet to settle anything. Now the people who would meet would be appointed by the colonies themselves, in other words, choose somebody to represent them. Al so, in Document C Mr. Franklin spoke about how each colony would have a general government and that general government would be run by a President-General. The President-General was appointed by the king and a grand council. The grand council was also appointed by the people and the people in the grand council were selected to represent there colony. ) During the early 17th century, the English colonies in America were left with minimal assistance by the English government in London. So what some colonial leaders proposed to do was unite all colonies with one common government. With Documents A, B, and C, we learn that the English colonies tried to unite one another but all were never put into effect. Even though they were never put into effect, it doesn’t imply that they never tried or wanted to be united. In Document A, in 1643, 4 colonies formed a confederation called the Articles of Confederation.
This document tells us that they wanted to be untied so they can protect each other from other enemies such as the Native Americans. If one colony was to be attacked, the other colonies would have to bring a certain number of soldiers to assist or aid them in battle. But by 1684, the union was officially dissolved because Massachusetts tried to dominate the alliance. This confederation seems as if it is more of a business plan rather than anything else but effort was definitely put into this because they wanted to unite themselves to become a massive army which would protect all 4 colonies.
In Document B William Penn’s plan to unite colonies saw a need for military and economic cooperation among the colonies so he proposed his plan of union in 1697 but it never was implemented. His plan explained how the uniting of the Northern parts of America would be more useful to the crown and would be more useful to the peace and safety of the people. His plan had some major points. They were that two people from each Colony would make up a Congress of the Union. Then, the King’s Commissioner, who was also appointed, would be the one judging and have the chair in Congress.
Next, the Congress would meet in the colony of New York every now and then. Here with Document B we see that Penn had attempted to unite all colonies and even had the congress and standards for congress set up so all could be settled if any problems were to occur. In Document C Benjamin Franklin proposes a union also in 1754. He tried to unite all colonies and he spoke how all the colonies constitution can stay the same except for a few changes. Some of those changes were that the general government would be run by a President-General.
The President-General was first appointed by the crown and the grand council. The grand council was also appointed by the people and the people in the grand council were selected to represent there colony. Also, they President-General, with the assistance of the Grand Council, would hold all treaties with the Indians, and would decide if they were going to make peace with them or go to war. They would also input new laws that would regulate all Indian trade and they weren’t allowed to trade with the Indians inside the colonies that were united.
If they made any new purchases or settlements, they had to grant the land in the King’s name. Also, soldiers were paid to build defensive forts all around the colonies if necessary. This plan of union was never passed but Benjamin Franklin had put lots of hard work to try to unite colonies together for both the crown and also the protection of all the colonies inside the union. One plan of union that had also been an effort to unite all colonies in one common government was Galloway’s plan of union which took place in 1774.
This was pretty similar to Documents A, B, and C in many ways and also this plan was also turned down. Even though it was turned down, he had made an effort like the others to unite the colonies. But this soon also led to the American Revolution, which actually did unite all colonies with one common government. Through all effort put into trying to unite the colonies, they were turned down. Even though they were turned down, it was the effort that counted and led other to try also. All of this led up to the American Revolution and wouldn’t have happened if nobody tried to unite the colonies with a plan of union.