Antibiotics are the first choice for treating M. pneumonia. There are several types of antibiotics, macrolide, tetracycline, or fluoroquinolone classes. Macrolides can be used for treating children and adults. Besides the macrolides, fluoroquinolones are used for treating adults, and tetracyclines can be used either for older children or adults. fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines cannot be used for young children. Fluoroquinolones are bactericidal while macrolides and tetracyclines are firstly bacteriostatic. lacking the cell wall make the Penicillin and cephalosporins ineffective to treat M. pneumonia.
Presently there is no vaccine available for M. pneumonia. In the 1960s and 1970s, some deactivate M. pneumonia vaccines experimented. The result was various because of the diagnostic ways, but there were emboldening results. Thus, the study proposes to develop M. pneumonia vaccine.
Because there is no vaccine for MP infection, some precautions should be followed to prevent the spread of M. pneumonia.
– Avoid being in crowded places.
– Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when you are coughing or sneezing.
– Throw your tissue in the wastebasket.
– If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve or elbow but not use your hand.
– Wash your hand regularly.
M. pneumonia affects both upper and lower respiratory tract, but the major of infections is mild and self-limited, although in some cases hospital’s care is needed, recovery mostly complete and without complications. On the other hand, the M. pneumonia infection can acute for people with immunosuppression and children with Sickle-cell disease. Although some reposts show deadly cases of M. pneumonia, the general mortality rate is low.