Analysis of The Epic of Gilgamesh

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The Epic of Gilgamesh Analysis

The story of Gilgamesh begins with his reign over the city of Uruk. Gilgamesh was first seen as a lustful, arrogant and self-centered tyrant. He was a mortal with powers no man could match, and he didn’t have a clear sense of a moral principle. His lust led him to sleep with many virgin women, and his arrogant use of power left no son with his father. His incompetence as a king led the city of Uruk into a state of concern. As a result, they prayed to the gods for an answer. The gods answered their prayers with the creation of Enkidu, a mortal so strong his power could be matched with Gilgamesh. Their adventures together will greatly change and dictate the outlook on Gilgamesh’s life and how he decides to rule his city. This paper will analyze the early life of Mesopotamian culture, the similarities, and differences with the Bible and theorize about the beginnings of humankind.

The Epic of Gilgamesh depicts a clear image of the early Mesopotamian culture. It shows that they already developed clear ways of communication and architectural skills that allowed them to build the great wall around the city. The city of Uruk had a traditional government system where one leader ruled them, with help and guidance from the city council.The epic also shows that their gods are prone to emotion, irrational violent behavior, and harsh punishments. The Mesopotamians believed that the majority of their lives, environments and the society that they lived in were controlled by their gods. This leaves the Mesopotamians with the fear of their powerful gods rather than love. Gilgamesh’s fear of death like his brother Enkidu is what motivates him to seek out Utnapishtim in hopes of obtaining immortality, but the epic doesn’t provide a very clear description of what happens after death in the early days. Since there wasn’t a system for reward or punishment after death, no heaven or hell. It leads me to s…

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